Micro Summary: Treatment Flashcards Preview

Micro Remediation > Micro Summary: Treatment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Micro Summary: Treatment Deck (68):
1

Bacteriodes: Bacilus, Prevotella, Porphoryngeus

Drainage, TFM

2

Histotoxic Clostridia: C. perfringens, C. septicum

Surgery, amputation

3

C. tetani

Antitoxin

4

C. botulism

Antitoxin

5

C. difficile

Metronidazole (oral or IV) or oral vancomycin (but NOT IV)

6

Haemophilus influenzae

Cephalosporins & amoxicillin/clavulanate, rifampin (carriers), Hilleman's vaccine

7

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

TFM, azithromycin (prophylaxis)

8

Klebsiella

All produce SHV-type beta-lactamase (Resistant to ampicillin), Some produce ESBL (Resistant to all beta-lactams except carbapenems), Some produce K. pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) beta-lactamase (Resistant to all beta-lactams including carbapenems)

9

Yersinia pestis

Streptomycin (& gentamicin, doxycycline, ciprofloxacin)

10

Chlamydia trachomatis

Normal: azitrhomycin & doxycycline, Pregnant: azitrhomycin & amoxicillin, LGB: doxycycline

11

Treponema pallidum

Early/Late: benzathine PCN G & doxycycline, Neurosyphilis: crystalline PCN G, Pregnant: PCN (desensitize)

12

Rickettsia rickettsii

Doxycycline

13

Borrelia burgdorferi

Early: doxycycline, amoxicillin, Late: IV ceftriaxone

14

Bacillus anthracis

Cutaneous: doxycycline or ciprofloxacin,Inhalational/GI: Ciprofloxacin, linezolid, Meropenem (meningitis), Clindamycin (no meningitis), Post-exposure prophylaxis: vaccine, doxycycline, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, Raxibacumab, pleural effusion drainage, vaccine

15

Francisella tularensis

Streptomycin (& gentamicin, doxycycline)

16

Helicobacter pylori

>1 antimicrobial (e.g., clarithromycin and bismuth salts) and an acid blocker (e.g., omeprazole)

17

Enterococcus faecium

Linezolid and daptomycin against vancomycin resistant Enterococci (VRE)

18

Staphylococcus aureus

Vancomycin, linezolid, daptomycin

19

Neisseria meningitidis

Penicillins, Cephalosporins, FQs

20

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Cephalosporins (ceftriaxone)

21

Streptococcus pyogenes

Penicillins, Beta-lactams

22

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Beta-lactams

23

Listeria monocytogenes

Ampicillin or TMP/SMX

24

Legionella pneumophila

Macrolides, quinolones

25

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

BCG vaccine, rifampin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, ethamutol, FQs (moxi, second line)

26

Mycobacterium leprae

Dapsone, rifampin

27

Corynebacterium diphtheria

Antitoxin, DPT vaccine, erythromycin, penicillin

28

Vibrio cholera

Oral vaccines (O1, O139, B-subunit recombinants), restore fluid/electrolyte balance, oral rehydration solution, azithromycin

29

Bordetella pertussis

Purified diptheria and tetanus toxoid proteins (DPT), acellular version (DtaP), adverse reactions much lower

30

Candida albicans

Nystatin, azoles
Azoles, echinocandins, amphotericin B

31

Cryptococcus neoformans & gattii

Amphotericin + 5-flucytosine then fluconazole

32

Dermatophytes

Topical (imidazoles), oral (terbinafine, azoles)

33

Pneumocystis jiroveci

TMP/SMX (prevention)

34

Aspergillus fumigatus & niger

Amphotericin, voriconazole, posaconazole, itraconazole, or echinocandins, but NOT fluconazole

35

Zygomycoses: mucor, absidia, rhizopus, rhizomucor

Amphotericin B, posaconazole, surgical resection

36

Histoplasma capsulatum

Amphotericin, itraconazole

37

Entamoeba histolytica

Metronidazole

38

Acanthamoeba

Metronidazole

39

Giardia lamblia

Metronidazole

40

Cryptosporidium

Nitazoxanide

41

Trichomonas vaginalis

Metronidazole

42

Plasmodium falciparum

Erythrocytic (chloroquine, quinine), Exoerythrocytic (primaquine), Resistance (artemisinin, mefloquine, atovaquone / proguanil)

43

Ascaris lumbricoides

Albendazole, Mebendazole, Ivermectin

44

Pinworm (Enterobius vermicularis)

Albendazole, Mebendazole, Pyrantel

45

Strongyloides stercoralis

Albendazole, Mebendazole, Ivermectin

46

Whipworm (trichuris trichiura)

Albendazole, Mebendazole, Ivermectin

47

Onchocerca, Wuchereria, Brugia

Ivermectin

48

Schistosoma hepatobium, japonicum, & mansoni

Praziquantel

49

Taenia solium

Albendazole, Mebendazole

50

Echinococcus granulosus

Albendazole, Mebendazole

51

Poliovirus

Salk vaccine (IPV), Sabin vaccine (OPV), Pleconaril

52

HAV

HAIG, vaccine

53

HBV

HBIG, vaccine, Interferon, Lamivudine, Emtricitabine Tenofovir, Telbivudine, Entecavir, Adefovir

54

HCV

Interferon, Ribavirin, Boceprevir, Teleprevir, Sofosbuvir

55

HDV

HBV vaccine, Interferon-alpha

56

HSV

ART: acyclovir, penciclovir

57

HPV

opical agents, cryotherapy, surgery, inferferons, vaccination (quadrivalent & bivalent)

58

VZV

Acyclovir, live attenuated vaccine

59

Adenovirus

Cidofovir, vaccine

60

Hantavirus

IV fluid, dialysis

61

Rabies

Pre- or post-exposure rabies prophylaxis (PEP): wound cleansing, human rabies immune globulin (HRIG), HDCV

62

Smallpox

Cidofovir, Vaccine

63

VHFs

Ribavirin (arena)

64

EBV

Acyclovir, ganciclovir, CTL therapy, anti-CD20 therapy, decrease immunosuppressive therapy

65

Influenza

amantadine & rimantadine (for influenza A, interacts w/ M2 protein), oseltamivir & zanamivir (neuraminidase inhibitors), vaccine

66

Mumps

Attenuated vaccine grown in chick embryo cell culture

67

Measles

Live attenuated vaccine

68

Rubella

Live attenuated vaccine, Prevent congenital rubella by controlling postnatal rubella