Flashcards in Micro - Systems (STDs & PID) Deck (16):
What organism causes AIDS? What are the clinical features of this?
HIV; Opportunistic infections, Kaposi sarcoma, lymphoma
What organism causes Chancroid? What are the clinical features of this?
Haemophilus ducreyi; Think: "It's so painful, you 'do cry'"; Painful genital ulcer, inguinal adenopathy;
What organism causes Chlamydia? What are the clinical features of this?
Chlamydia trachomatis (D-K); Urethritis, cervicitis, conjunctivitis, reactive arthritis, PID
What organism causes Condyloma acuminata? What are the clinical features of this?
HPV-6 and HPV-11; Genital warts, koilocytes
What organism causes Genital herpes? What are the clinical features of this?
HSV-2, less commonly HSV-1; Painful penile, vulvar, or cervical vesicles and ulcers, can cause systemic symptoms such as fever, headache, myalgia
What organism causes Gonorrhea? What are the clinical features of this?
Neisseria gonorrhoeae; Urethritis, cervicitis, PID, prostatitis, epididymitis, arthritis, creamy purulent discharge
What organism causes Hepatitis B? What are the clinical features of this?
What organism causes Lymphogranuloma venereum? What are the clinical features of this?
C. trachomatis (L1-L3); Infection of lymphatics, Painless, genital ulcers, Painful lymphadenopathy (i.el, buboes)
What organism causes syphilis? What are the clinical features of primary, secondary, and tertiary syphilis?
Treponema pallidum; PRIMARY - Painless chancre; SECONDARY - Fever, lymphadenopathy, skin rashes, condyloma lata; TERTIARY - Gummas, tabes dorsalis, general paresis, aortitis, Argyll Robertson pupil
What organism causes Trichomoniasis? What are the clinical features of this?
Trichomonas vaginalis; Vaginitis, strawberry cervix, motile in wet prep
What are the top 2 bugs to consider for pelvic inflammatory disease? How do they generally differ in presentation?
Top bugs - Chlamydia trachomatis (subacute, often undiagnosed), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (acute)
What is the most common bacterial STD in the United States?
What physical sign is present in PID? What kind of discharge is present in PID?
Cervical motion tenderness (chandelier sign), purulent cervical discharge
Name 4 conditions that may be included in PID.
PID may include salpingitis, endometritis, hydrosalpinx, and tubo-ovarian abscess.
What syndrome can PID cause? What defines this syndrome?
Can lead to Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome - infection of the liver capsule and "violin string" adhesions of peritoneum to liver