Flashcards in Microbiology Chapter 13 Deck (32):
Proteins or glycoproteins found on attachment pili and capsules
White blood cells that engulf and destroy pathogens
Enzyme that digest the protective coating on mucous membranes
Enzyme that digest the principal component of skin and hair, secreted by fungi
Enzyme that digest the principal fiber of connective tissue and is an invasive factor
Enzyme that digests hyaluronic acid
Enzyme that increases blood clotting
Enzyme that dissolves blood clots
Soluble proteins secreted by the pathogen.
Part of the cell wall released into the host tissue
Organisms that live on or in the body but do not cause disease
Normal (resident) biota (normal flora)
The capacity to cause disease. It depends on its ability to invade, multiply on or in a host and avoid the host's defenses.
The intensity of disease produced by a pathogen
Resident or transient microflora that cause disease under certain conditions
Time between infection and appearance of signs and symptoms.
Short period during which mild, nonspecific symptoms appear
Period during which the individual experiences typical signs and symptoms of a disease
Period of healing
Infection of a previously healthy person - Usually acute
Infection that immediately follows a primary infection. (Ear infection following a cold)
Characteristics of a disease that can be observed by examining the patient (Swelling, redness, coughing, etc)
Characteristics of a disease that can be felt or observed by the patient. (Pain, nausea, headache, etc)
Combination of signs and symptoms that are indicative of a particular disease.
Individuals who harbor an infectious agent without having any observable symptoms
An animal that transmits infectious organism from one host to another
Infection acquired in a hospital or other medical facility
Set of guidelines established by the CDC (Center for disease Control) to reduce the risks of nosocomial infections. Also important for the prevention of transmission of AIDS.
Number of individuals affected by a disease during a set period of time in relation to the total number in the population.
Number of deaths due to a disease in a population during a specific period in relation to the total population.
Infectious disease that exhibits a relatively steady frequency over a long time period in a particular georgraphic locale.
Diseased increasing beyond what is expected for that population