Microbiology Word Associations Flashcards Preview

NBCE 1 > Microbiology Word Associations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Microbiology Word Associations Deck (173):
1

no cell wall, no nucleus, no ribosome, DNA or RNA

Virus

2

Peptidoglycan wall, single chromosome, 70S ribosome

bacteria

3

chetin wall, ergosterol membrane, 80S ribosome, nucleus

Fungus

4

sterol membrane, no chitin wall 80S ribosome, nucleus

Parasite

5

ability to cause disease

pathogenicity

6

ability to cause serious disease

virulence

7

hospital acquired infection

nosocomial

8

part of the normal flora

commensal

9

ability of two dissimilar living together

symbiosis

10

both organisms need each other to function

synergism

11

lag, log, stationary and death

bacterial growth phases

12

phase of exponential growth

log phase

13

heat, irradiation, antimicrobial chemicals, antibiotics

factors which affect bacterial growth

14

Host, agent, and environment

disease triangle

15

all viruses are RNA except 7 HHHAPPPy ones which are

DNA

16

3 DNA viruses are enveloped

HepaDNA, Herpes and pox

17

3 DNA viruses are naked

papilloma, adeno, and polyoma

18

1 DNA virus is single stranded

Parvo B19

19

all RNA viruses are single stranded EXCEPT

rota virus of the REO virus family

20

all RNA single stranded viruses are + EXCEPT 6

6 Fabulous PROfessionals

21

Paramyxo, rhabdo, orthomyxo, filo, arena, bunya

negative sense RNA viruses

22

all hepatitis viruses are RNA except

hepatitis B (hepaDNA group)

23

all hepatitis viruses are spread by the orofecal route except

hepatitis B and C (sex and blood)

24

single stranded retro virus

human immune deficiency virus

25

all ARBO viruses are flavi EXCEPT

California encephalitis (Bunya virus)

26

Parotitis, pancreatitis and painful orchitis

paramyxovirus

27

common cold with runny nose and sore throat

corona virus

28

hand, foot, and mouth lesions

coxackie virus

29

bacteria without cell walls

mycoplasma

30

obligate intracellular parasites

chlamydia, rickettsiae, coxiella

31

flexible bacteria

borrelia, leptospira and treponema

32

gram stain resistant bacillus-ziehl nelson staining

mycobacteria

33

infection in bird keepers

chlamydia psittaci

34

most common preventable cause of blindness in africa

chlamydia trachomatis types A, B, and C

35

conjunctivitis, urethritis, and arthritis

chlamydia trachomatis types D-K

36

sign of the groove

chlamydia type L

37

Q fever

coxiella burnetti

38

lone star tick

ehrlichia chaffeensis

39

hemorrhagic disease spread by urine from infected rats

leprospira interogans

40

painless hard penile ulcer

syphilis

41

lung infection in wool sorters

bacillus anthracis

42

rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis

streptococcus pyogenes

43

infects previously damaged heart valves

streptococcus viridans

44

infects previously healthy hearts

staphylococcus aureus

45

lockjaw (trismus)

clostridium tetani

46

transmitted by contaminated honey and causes paralysis

clostridium botulinim

47

muscles necrosis with gas formation

clostridium, perfringens

48

grey peudomembrane in the throat

corynebacterium diphtheriae

49

paroxysmal bouts of coughing with a whoop in a child

bordetella pertussis

50

fever from handling infected rabbit skin

francisella tularensis

51

lung infection from infected air conditioners

legionella pneumophila

52

infected burns with blue green burns

pseudomonas aeruginosa

53

gram negative coccus which ferments glucose

Neisseria gonorrhea

54

gram negative coccus which ferments maltose

Neisseria meningitidis

55

causes severe diarrhea with rice water stool

vibrio cholera

56

causes peptic ulcer and some forms of stomach cancer

helicobacter pylori

57

gram resistant bacteria with thick waxy oil

mycobacterium tuberculosis

58

commonest cause of urinary tract infections

Escherichia coli

59

causes of hemolytic uremic syndrome

e. coli subtype O157 H7

60

causes rose-coloured spots and step-ladder fever

salmonella typhi

61

fatal encephalitis in warm waters

naegleria fowleri

62

diarrhea more common in hikers

giardia lamblia

63

causes megaoesophagus and spread by sand fly bites

trypansoma cruzi

64

sleeping sickness spread by tsetse fly bites

trypansoma gambiense

65

frothy vaginal discharge caused by flagellate protozoan

trichomonas vaginitis

66

recurrent or chronic diarrhea in immune compromised

cryptosporidium parvum

67

most deadly form of malaria

plasmodium falciparum

68

intestinal parasite associated with iron deficiency

necator americanus

69

most common intestinal nematode in the USA

enterobius vermicularis

70

associated with rectal prolapse

trichuris trichuria

71

river blindness spread by the simulium blackfly

onchocerca volvulus

72

elephantiasis spread by celux filariasis

wuchereria bancrofti

73

intestinal parasite associated with vitamin B12 deficiemcy

diphyllobothrium latum

74

bladder parasite causing blood in the urine

sichstosoma hematobium

75

spread by eating undercooked contaminated beef

taenia saginatum

76

smallest tapeworm

hymenolepis nana

77

largest tapeworm

diphyllobothrium latum

78

ames test

mutagenic potential

79

armadillo

mycobacterium leprae

80

ascoli test

anthrax

81

ASOT( anti-streptolysin O titer)

recent streptococcal infection

82

bordet-gegbou medium

bordetella pertussis

83

catalase test

staphylococcus (+) from streptococcus (-)

84

chocolate agar

Neisseria and hemophilus

85

coagulase test

staphylococcus aureus from staph

86

coombs test

hemolytic anemia

87

darkfield microscopy

syphilis

88

dick test

scarlet fever

89

eaton agar

mycoplasma pneumoniae

90

ELISA

HIV and lyme

91

FTA-Abs

syphilis

92

heaf skin test

tuberculosis

93

hektoen agar

salmonella

94

indian ink stain

Cryptococcus neoformans

95

kviem skin test

sarcoidosis

96

Lowenstein-Jensen culture medium

mycobacterium tuberculosis

97

macconkey agar

promotes growth of gram negative rods

98

mantoux skin test

tuberculosis

99

middlebrook culture medium

tuberculosis

100

mitsuda test

mycobacterium leprae

101

paul bunnel test

mononucleosis

102

regan-lowe agar

bordetella pertussis

103

quelling reaction

bacteria with capsule-strep pneumoniae

104

sabouraud medium

fungal organisms

105

schick test

corynebacterium diphtheria

106

Schultz carlton reaction

scarlet fever

107

telluritie agar

corynebacterium diphtheria

108

Thayer-martin medium

Neisseria organisms

109

thiosulfate-citrate-bile salts-sucrose

vibrio cholera

110

tine skin test

tuberculosis

111

VDRL test

syphilis

112

weil-felix test

rickettsiae

113

wood's light

fungal organisms

114

spaghetti and meatball appearance

malassezia furfur

115

rose gardener

sporothrix schenckii

116

ohio valley fever

histoplasma capsulatum

117

san Joaquin valley fever

coccidioides immitis

118

spokes of a wheel appearance

paracoccidoides brasiliensis

119

decaying vegetation

aspergillus fumigatus

120

wright-giemsa stain

parasites and syphilis

121

spread by bat droppings

histoplasma capsultum

122

causes meningitis spread by pigeon poop

Cryptococcus neoformans

123

causes pneumonia in an immune compromised patient

pneumocystis jiroveci (carinii)

124

ziehl nelson stain

mycobacterium tuberculosis

125

percentage of true positive

sensitivity

126

percentage of true negative

specificity

127

used to exclude a disease if test is negative (snOUT)

sensitivity

128

used to include a diagnosis if test is positive (spIN)

specificity

129

sudden increase in the number with a disease locally

epidemic

130

normal occurrence of a disease in a particular locality

endemic

131

sudden increase in the number with a disease worldwide

pandemic

132

number of people with the diease at a given time

prevalence

133

number of new cases in the population at a given time

incidence

134

number of people who die from a particular disease

mortality rate

135

number of people who have a particular disease

morbidity rate

136

epidemiology or disease triangle

host, agent (microbe) and environment

137

antigenic shift (virus), spores (bacteria/fungus) cysts (protozoa

microbial adaptations

138

disease that has newly appeared

emerging disease

139

previously known disease that has increased or spread

re-emerging disease

140

bacteria and fungi form spores and protozoa form cysts

pathogen adaptations to environment

141

viral adaptation to the environment and host

antigenic shift

142

exposure of milk to progressively higher temperatures

pasturization

143

use of chemicals or very high heat to destroy all life

sterilization

144

use of chemicals to destroy most pathogens

disinfection

145

allows water to pass through pores of different sizes

filtration

146

use of aluminum to precipitate material from water

flocculation

147

allows to precipitate

sedimentation

148

adds anaerobic bacteria to break down organic matter

sludge digestion

149

allows water to pass through sand

sand filtration

150

passes oxygen through to kill anaerobic bacteria

aeration

151

addition of chlorine to kill all remaining micro-organisms

chlorination

152

anedotes, case study, case control, cohort study or RCT

hierarchy of evidence

153

describes and interprets an individual case

case study

154

comparing outcomes of those with and without a disease

case control study

155

follows samples prospectively with respect to disease

cohort study

156

random allocation to experimental or control grouop

randomized clinical trial

157

combines all outcomes and summarizes the findings

systematic review

158

subset of systematic review focused on one conclusion

meta-analysis

159

inspection of meat and milk

US department of agriculture

160

drug and cosmetic quality and health product advertisement

food and drug administration

161

disease surveillance and restaurant inspection

department of public health

162

monitors air and water quality

environmental protection agency

163

monitors workplace safety and hazardous material disposal

occupational safety health admin

164

epidemiological research and health statistics

centres for disease control

165

oversees health care to the underserved

health services administration

166

oversees funding for disease research

national institutes of health

167

recent emerging disease spread by infected body fluids

ebola

168

spirochete spread by the vector lxodes scapularis

lyme disease

169

emerging disease spread by fluids from infected rats

hantavirus infection

170

spread by working with infected birds

severe acute respiratory syndrome

171

spread by working with infected pigs

H1N1 influenza

172

emerging disease spread by contact with infected camels

middle east respiratory syndrome

173

kills more people in the USA than AIDS

methicillin resistant staph. aureus