Pathology Word Associations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pathology Word Associations Deck (174):
1

alpha-fetoprotein elevation in amniotic fluid

spina bifida

2

alpha-fetoprotein elevation in adult

hepatocellular carcinoma

3

amyloid deposits in the brain

Alzheimer's disease

4

antibodies to acetylcholine

myasthenia gravis

5

antibodies to calcium influx pumps in NMJ

Lambert eaton syndrome

6

anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies

Goodpasture disease

7

anti-IgG antibodies

rheumatoid arthritis

8

anti-nuclear antibodies

SLE

9

apical cavitations

Tuberculosis

10

anitschkow cells (Aschoff body)

rheumatic fever

11

apical lung tumor

pancoast tumor

12

ascending demyelinating polyneuropathy

Guillain-Barre SYNDROME

13

aschoff bodies

rheumatic fever

14

auer's rods

acute myelogenous leukemia

15

basophilic stippling and blue gums

lead poisoning

16

BCR-abl oncogene

Chronis myelogenous loeukemia

17

bence jones proteins

multiple myeloma

18

berry aneurysms

adult polycystic disease of the kidney

19

bilateral adrenal hemorrage

waterhouse-friderichsen syndrome

20

bilateral exophthalmos

graves disease

21

bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy

sarcoidosis, tb, or lymphoma

22

bleedings gums

scurvy

23

blue sclera and broken bone

osteogensis imperfecta

24

brodies abcess

osteomyelitis

25

bouchard's node

rheumatoid arthritis

26

BRCA-1/2 tumor marker

Breast cancer

27

bronze skin and diabetes mellitus and testicular atrophy

hemochromatosis

28

brown cysts in bone

hyperparathyroidism

29

buffalo hump and truncal obesity

cushing's syndrome

30

bull's eye rash

lyme disease

31

butterfly rash

systemic lupus erthematosus

32

CA-125

Ovarian cancer

33

Café au lait spots

Neurofibromastosis

34

calor, rubor, tumor, dolor, function laesa

acute inflammation

35

caput medusae

portal hypertension

36

carcinoembryonic antigen

colon cancer

37

caseous necrosis

tuberculosis

38

cerebellar tonsillar herniation

Arnold-chiari malformation type 2

39

cerebellar vermis herniation

Arnold-chiari malformation type 1

40

change from one cell type to another cell type

metaplasia

41

charcot-leyden crystals or curschmann's spirals

asthma

42

chloride transport regulator defect

Cystic fibrosis

43

cherry red macula and mental retardation

tay-sachs disease

44

chocolate cysts in the pelvis

endometriosis

45

chorea due to decreased GABA

Huntington's disease

46

clue cells

bacterial vaginosis

47

coagulative necrosis

myocardial infarction

48

cobblestone appearance of intestinal mucosa

crohn's disease

49

codman's triangle on x-ray

osteosarcoma

50

condylomata accuminata

HPV infection

51

condylomata lata

secondary syphilis

52

congenital aganglionosis of the colon

hirschsprung's disease

53

Cullen or grey turner's sign

acute pancreatitis

54

dark urine and dark cartilage

alkaptonuria

55

defective chromosome 5

cri du chat

56

disorderly non-neoplastic growth

dysplasia

57

disorderly disorganized neoplastic growth

anaplasia

58

downey cells

mononucleosis

59

dry eyes and dry mouth

sjogren's syndrome

60

dystrophin defect

duchenne's muscular dystrophy

61

eburnation

osteoarthritis

62

enzymatic necrosis

acute pancreatitis

63

erythema nodosum

sarcoidosis, tb or drug reaction

64

esophageal metaplasia

barrett esophagus

65

fatty necrosis

liver damage

66

fawn's beard

spina bifida occulta

67

fibrillin defect

marfan's syndrome

68

galactorrhea

prolactinoma

69

ghon's focus and complex

primary tuberculosis

70

Guarneri bodies

smallpox

71

gumma

tertiary syphilis

72

gynecomastia in a tall thin male (XXY)

klinefelter's syndrome

73

herberden's nodes

osteoarthritis of the fingers

74

heliotrope eyelid discolouration and gottron's papules

dermatomyositis

75

heterophil antibodies

mononucleosis

76

hirano's bodies

Alzheimer's disease

77

HLA-B8

graves disease

78

HLA-B27

Psoriatic arthritis, AS, IBD, Reiter's

79

HLE-DR3 or 4

DM type 1, RA, and SLE

80

human mad cow disease

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

81

Hunner's ulcers in the bladder

interstitial cystitis

82

Hutchinson's notched central incisors

congenital syphilis

83

hypercoagulability, venous stasis and vessel wall damage

Virchow's triad

84

hyperelasticity of skin and joiny capsule

ehlers-danlos syndrome

85

hyperpigmented skin creases with fatigue

Addison's disease

86

immotile cilia with sinusitis, bronchiectasis and situs inversus

kartagener's syndrome

87

inappropriate ADH secretion

small cell lung cancer

88

increased sized of tissue or organ

hypertrophy

89

increased number of cells

hyperplasia

90

indistinct philtrum

fetal alcohol syndrome

91

kayser-fleisher rings

Wilson's disease

92

kimmelsteil-wilson nodular sclerosis

diabetic nephropathy

93

koilonychias and dysphagia in a post-menopausal woman

plummer vinson syndrome

94

langhan's giant cells

tuberculosis

95

large cyst in the posterior cranial fossa

Dandy Walker syndrome

96

lewy bodies

Parkinson's disease

97

libman-sack's endocarditis

systematic lupus erythematosus

98

linear esophageal tear after retching

Mallory-Weiss syndrome

99

lines of zahn

thrombus

100

liquefactive necrosis

brain infarction

101

liver and brain damage after aspirin ingestion

reye syndrome

102

L-MYC oncogene

colon cancer

103

loser's zone (pseudo-fracture)

osteomalacia

104

maccallum's patch in left atrium

rheumatic fever

105

macrocytic normochromic anemia

folic acid or vitamin b12 deficiency

106

malignant plasma cells

multiple myeloma

107

microcytic hypochromic anemia

iron deficiency anemia

108

minimal change of the basement membrane

nephrotic syndrome

109

most common cancer in men

prostate cancer

110

most common cancer in women

breast cancer

111

most common cause of oseomyelitis

staphyloccus aureus

112

most common malignant bone tumor

Metastases

113

most common benign brain tumor

meningioma

114

most common kidney tumor in children

wilms tumor

115

most common malignant brain tumor in adults

glioblastoma multiform

116

most common malignant brain tumor in children

neuroblastoma

117

most common primary bone cancer in adults

multiple myeloma

118

most common primary bone cancer in teens

osteosarcoma

119

most common skin cancer

basal cell carcinoma

120

most malignant skin cancer

malignant melanoma

121

M spike on serum electrophoresis

multiple myeloma

122

multiple cysts in both kidney's for adult

polycycstic disease of the kidney

123

multiple cysts in one kidney in an infant

congenital polycystic disease of kidney

124

multiple superficial ulcers in the colon

ulcerative colitis

125

needle-shaped negatively birefringent crystals

gout (uric acid crystals)

126

negri bodies

rabies

127

neurofibrillary tangles

alzheimers disease

128

N-MYC oncogene

Neuroblastoma

129

non-caseous granulomas in the gut

crohn's disease

130

non-caseous granulomas in the lung

sarcoidosis

131

nutmeg liver

congestive heart failure

132

onion-skin periosteal reaction on x-ray

ewing's sarcoma

133

oral pigmentation and intestinal polyps

peutz-jegher syndrome

134

osteophytes

osteoarthritis

135

owl-eye appearance in a lung biopsy

Cryptococcus neoformans

136

p16 oncogene

malignant melanoma

137

pannus formation

rheumatoid arthritis

138

paroxysms of hypertension, palpitations and perspiration

pheochromocytoma

139

Philadelphia chromosome

chronic myelogenous leukemia

140

pill-rolling tremor and decreased dopamine

Parkinson's disease

141

post coital bleeding

carcinoma of the cervix

142

post-menopausal bleeding

endometrial cancer

143

prostatic specific antigen

prostatic carcinoma

144

pseudo-hypertrophy of calf muscles

duchenne's muscular dystrophy

145

pulmonary stenosis, VSD, over-riding aorta, RVH

Tetrology of Follot

146

pulsatile midline abdominal mass

AAA

147

rachitic rosary

vitamin D deficiency in children

148

red and grey hepatisation in lung

pneumonia

149

radiofemoral delay

coarctation of the aorta

150

red blood cell casts in urine

glomerulonephritis

151

recurrent peptic ulcer

zollinger-ellison syndrome

152

rib notching on chest x-ray

coarctation of the aorta

153

Reed Sternberg cells

Hodgkin's lymphoma

154

rokitansky-ashoff sinuses

cholecystitis

155

scanning speech, intention tremor and nystagmus

multiple sclerosis

156

sero-positive (rheumatoid factor) arthritis

RA and SLE

157

soap-bubble appearance on x-ray

giant cell tumor

158

spaghetti and meatballs appearance

malassezia furfur

159

splenomegaly and eyethema nodosum

sarcoidosis

160

splinter hemorages

subacute bacterial endocarditis

161

starry sky appearance in lymph node

burkitt's lymphoma

162

stunted small intestinal villi due to gluten sensitivity

celiac disease

163

subchondral sclerosis

osteoarthritis

164

thymic and parathyroid aplasia

digeorge syndrome

165

thyroglobulin antibodies

hashimoto's disease

166

trisomy 21

down syndrome

167

vanilyl mandelic acid in the urine

pheochromocytoma

168

Virchow's triad-vessel damage, stasis, hypercoagulability

deep vein thrombosis

169

vomiting blood after protracted vomiting and retching

Mallory-Weiss syndrome

170

wallerian degeneration

nerve damage

171

weight loss and troister's sign

gastric carcinoma

172

white blood cells case in urine

pyelonephritis

173

XO chromosomal disease

Turner's disease

174

zenker's degeneration

skeletal muscle damage