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Flashcards in Mid Deck (30):
1

The degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain process and understand basic health information as well as services needed to make appropriate health decisions

Health Literacy

2

patients with low health literacy are more likely to (4):

- more visits to an emergency room
- more hospital stays
- less likely to follow treatment plans
- higher mortality rates

3

5 factors of health literacy are:

- communication skills
- knowledge
- culture
- demands on care system
- situation

4

5 ways to improve health literacy:

- use plain language
- use visuals
- offer multi-language materials
- use "teach back" method
- call-to-action

5

3 realms of ethics:

- individual
- institutional
- societal

6

4 ethical processes:

- sensitivity
- judgement
- motivation
- moral

7

"right vs right" type of ethical situation

dilemma

8

"not empowered to act" type of ethical situation

distress

9

"right vs. wrong" type of ethical situation

temptation

10

"elephant in the room" type of ethical situation

silence

11

Maslow's hierarchy of needs from top to bottom:

- self-actualization
- esteem
- love/belonging
- safety
- physiological

12

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs implies:

Needs motivate people to behave or act in certain ways

13

taking perspective or another person's situation. Non-judgmental

feeling with people

empathy

14

"stages of change":

transtheoretical model

15

Express and Show Empathy
Support & Develop Discrepancy
Deal with Resistance
Support Self-Efficacy
Autonomy

all of the above are a form of:

motivational interviewing

16

- No
- Maybe
- Prepare/Plan
- Do
- Keep Going

- Precontemplation
- Contemplation
- Preparation
- Action
Maintenance

17

Motivational interviewing step: individual expresses empathy to build a rapport and trust to maybe help patients become more open. Uses active listening

Express and Show Empathy

18

Motivational interview step: patients give their reasons for changing their behavior instead of viewing PTs and PTAs as authority figures with the right answers

Support and Develop Discrepancy

19

motivational interviewing step: do not confront a patient's resistance, avoid struggling to get patients to see your point of view..

Deal with resistance

20

motivational interviewing step:
Patients are empowers to feel they are capable of acheiving the change they want. Point out previous successes patients have experienced

Support Self-Efficacy

21

motivational interviewing step: changes come from within the patient, not PT or PTA. No one way to succeed and the patient is ultimately responsible to change,

Autonomy

22

generation born 1980-2000

Milennials

23

generation born 1960-1980

Generation Xers

24

generation born 1943-1960

Baby boomers

25

generation born 1922-1943

Traditionalists

26

Strauss-Howe Theory: 4 cycles of archetypes:

- prophet
- nomad
- hero
- artist

27

Strauss-Howe Theory cycle:

high, awakening, unraveling, crisis

28

generation in between Boomers and gen X sometimes called:

Generation Oregon trail

29

5 types of societal differences:

- gender
- economic
- status
- class
- military

30

2 types of motivation factors:

- intrinsic
- extrinsic