Flashcards in Mid Term Deck (49):
What is "public esteem" founded on?
Gloria, honor, dignitas and nobilitas.
Having these depends on military virtue, oratorical brilliance, the Poseidon of high culture and ancestry.
*Dignitas-reputation; Gloria&honor-military greatness; nobilitas-of noble birth.*
What year was mark Antony's grandfather consul?
What year was Antony's grandfather Quaestor on Asia?
113BCE, The same year he was accused of corrupting a vestal Virgin
What was Antony's grandfather assignment as praetor in 102?
To prosecute a war against the Cicilian pirates. Held position till 100BCE
What was Antony's grandfather best known for?
His oratory brilliance
What year was Antony's grandfather elected censor?
Who murdered Antony's grandfather ?
Marius in 87BCE
When was tomes first civil war?
88BCE Sulla marches on rome.
What other two men were murdered by Marius?
L. Julia's Caesar (cos.90)
C. Julia's Strabo (aed. 90)
Who was Ptolemy 1?
A Macedonian general of Alexander the Great.o
Appointed satrap of Egypt by Alexander the Great.
Pushed his way into Syria and annexed Cyrene.
Declared himself king in 306BCE.
Wrote the frequently plagiarised history of Alexandria.
Moved Capital of Egypt to Alexandria.
Signs treaty with Rome.
Who was Ptolemy 12?
Reigned as king of Egypt from 80 (only 12yrs old) to 58BCE
Illegitimate son of a concubine
Children- Ptolemy 13 & 14, Arisone 4, Cleopatra 7; Archalaus, Berenice 4 to his wife/sister.
Pays Caesar and associates 6,000 talents ( 144,000,000 sesterces) to vote him an allie of Rome - in 59 BCE he becomes 'Socius et amicus populi Romani'.
Cyprus annexed by Rome in 58
Ejected from Alexandria in 58BCE - travels to Rome.
Who restores Ptolemy to the throne?
Aulus Gabinius, governor of Syria, restores him in 55BCE ion exchange for 10,000 talents (240,000,000 sesterces).
When was Antony's military 'debut'?
Gabinius' invasion of Egypt to restore Ptomlemy in 55BCE. was a leading officer.
What were some of the consequences to Ptolemy 12th's rstoration?
Roman soldiers now stationed in Alexandria.
C. Rabirius Postumus is installed and insisted aggressive repayment schemes - prosecuted in 53 for extortion and treason.
Caesar some how becomes in possession of this debt after this.
Egyptian currency is forced to be debased.
Who was Antony's father?
Elected praetor in 74BCE.
Given imperium to fight piratitism throughout the Mediterranean - ended with a signing of a peace treaty declaring himself victor.
Died in Crete from illness.
Who was Antony's uncle?
Gains Antonius. Became rich through extortion - seen as sordid way of making money in Rome.
Consul in 63BCE
Convicted of extortion on return to Rome - exiled.
When was Mark Antony born?
According to Plutarch what were Antony's two fundamental characteristics?
Generosity and a susceptibility to women
What public scandal was Antony involved in during the end of 63?
Having an affair with the daughter of a freed man, Fadia, and got her pregnant - never acknowledged the child as his.
What scandal was Antony involved in in the years 60-61?
The bona dea scandal. Defends P. Clodius Pulcher at his trial.
In what year and by whim is Cicero exiled?
58BCE, by clodius and the tribunals.
Antony funds exile
Who was Antony's first wife?
Antonia- his cousin, daughter of C. Antonius.
When and what was Antony's first military expedition?
Gabinius' invasion of Rome(56) and suppression of judea(57). Served as prefect of cavalry. Promoted afterwards for his tactical
Brilliance and military bravery.
When did Antony first meet Cleopatra?
During first military campaign. She was 13 - story of love at first sight highly unlikely
When did Antony go to Gaul?
Tribal assembly; for men over 30;makes you a member of the senate for life.
Centuriate assembly; men over 39
2 each year; Centuriate assembly; men over 42
In what year is Antony elected Quaestor?
51BCE, AND IS ASSIGNED TO GAUL
Who were the sacred Colleges?
Servants to the roman religion. An essential part of the equipment of the senate.
3 positions- pontiff, augars, xvviri sacris faciundis.
Elected by a sampling of slightly less than half the population.
When was Antony elected augar?
Who were the tribunes of 49BCE.
Antony and Q. Cassius Longinus
Flee Rome in. January to Ariminum (Rimini) where they take refuge with Caesar
Antony as administrator of Italy?
Ate drunk and fucked. Had an affair with mime actress.
When and for how long was Caesar first appointed dictator?
49BCE, For eleven days. Passed legislations providing modest debt relief.
When and for how long did Caesar appoint himself dictator the seo no time?
48BCE FOR ONE YEAR. usually only held for a maximum of 6 months.
What position is Antony appointed during Caesars second dictatorship?
Master of the horse. Makes him second in command ( in the world) during a dictatorship - hugely controversial
When does Antony return to Rome?
47- continues sordid affair with mime divorces Antonia
Who did Ptolemy 12 appoint his heirs ?
Ptolemy 13 and Cleopatra 7
When does Ptolemy 12 die?
What was the name of the medical journal composed by Cleopatra and what was it about?
Cosmetics. About make up and afflictions of the head and how treat them
What problems were occurring in Egypt in 51 BCE ?
Rome a dominating superpower
financial indebted to Rome
loss of Cyrene to Rome
Drought- Nile does not flood and impairs crops ( farmers and peasants flee and take up banditry)
Romans buying up Alexandrian property
What was one of Cleopatras first act as Queen?
Cultivated the people close to the bottom. Travelled to upper Egypt and celebrated Egyptian religion
At what point was cleopatra governing alone?
What diplomatic act turned the Alexandrian people against cleopatra?
Sending Bibilius the people responsible for murdering his son and his escorts for him to deal with as he saw fit.
How large a force did Prolemy 13 send to assist Pompey in 49BCE ?
60 ships and 500 soldiers
When did Cleopatra fled/ was expelled from Alexandria, and where did she go?
By 48BCE. Went to Thebes then Syria, common belief she was looking for a husband to help restore her to the throne. What we do know is she gained an army and funds to then make civil war on her brother in pelesium.
Where does Pompey elect to be his new base after Pharsalus ?
Alexandria . Pisses of Gianiniani- they kill him.
What was Ptolemys bribe to the Romans to be made an allie of Rome?
6,000 talents (14,000,000 sesterces)