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Flashcards in Mid term Deck (130)
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1

deficiency test for Vitamin A

vitamin A serum, (L)
beta-carotene -serum(L)

2

deficiency test for B1 (thiamin)

alpha-keto acids - urine, (H)
Erythrocyte transketolase index - RBC (H)

3

deficiency test for B2 (riboflavin)

(H)
alpha-keto acids - urine,
Ethylmalonate - urine
EGR active coefficient - RBC

4

deficiency test for B3 (niacin)

n-methylnicontinamide -urine (H)
lactate and pyruvate - urine (H)

5

deficiency test for B5 (pantothenate)

alpha-keto-acids - urine (H)
pantothenic acid - urine(L)

6

deficiency test for B6 (pyridoxine)

(H)
xanthurenate - urine
kynurenate - urine
homocysteine - plasma
EGOT index - RBC

7

deficiency test for Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)

methylmalonate - urine (H)
homocysteine - plasma (H)
vitamin B12 serum (L)

8

deficiency test for tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)
dihydrobiopterin (BH2)

Bh4 - plasma (L)
Phe or Phe/Tyr ratio - plasma (H)
BH4 loading test plasma (drop >50%)

9

deficiency test for Vitamin C

(L) Vitamin C Serum, leukocyte or urine after 500 mg of oral load

10

deficiency test for Vitamin K

PIVKAII - serum (L)
undercarboxylated osteocalcin - serum (H)
Vitamin K serum - (L)
Prothrombin plasma (H)

11

deficiency test for Vitamin D

25-hydroxyvitamin D serum (L)
bone specific collagen fragments - urine (H)

12

deficiency test for Vitamin E

tocopherol - serum (L)
tocopherol/triglyceride serum (L)

13

deficiency test for Biotin

beta-hydroxyisovalerate -urine (H)

14

deficiency test for folate

homocysteine plasma (H)
folate serum (L)
folacin RBC (L)
macrocytic anemia whole blood (positive)
neutrophil hypersegmentation - whole blood (positive)
Formiminoglutamate (FIGLU) urine (H)

15

deficiency test for caritine

adipate, suberate ethylmalonate - urine (H)

16

deficiency test for coenzyme Q10

coenzyme Q10 serum (L)
succinate urine (H)
hydroxymethylglutarate urine (H)

17

deficiency test for lipoic acid

lactate and pyruvate serum or urine (H)

18

deficiency test for choline

choline plasma (L)

19

assessment of calcium

hair, urine
bone resorption markers, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, PTH

20

assessment of magnesium

RBC, whole blood, plasma, serum, urine
Refractory hypokalemia

21

assessment of potassium

RBC, serum, hair

22

assessment of iron

ferritin
total iron binding capacity, transferrin saturation, hemoglobin, hematocrit

23

assessment of zinc

RBC, hair, plasma
delta 6 desaturase activity (LA:GLA) Zn metallothionein

24

assessment of copper

RBC, serum ceruloplasmin
elevated urinary HVA/VMAratio; bone resorption markers

25

assessment of maganese

RBC
abnormal urinary ammonia markers, elevated arginine: ornithine ratio

26

assessment of selenuim

serum, whole blood, hair
selenoprotein P, urinary selenosugars

27

assessment of molybdenum

hair
elevated xanthine uric acid ratio

28

assessment of chromium

RBC, urine, hair
insulin, blood glucose

29

assessment of iodine

urine,
serum T3, T4, TSH, blood spot thyroglobulin

30

assessment of boron

serum, urine, hair
bone resorption markers