Flashcards in Middle East Conflict Deck (56):
Who took charge of Palestine in 1917?
What was Britain's purpose of taking over Palestine in 1917?
They were under a mandate to build a homeland for the Jewish people
When was a key point that Jewish people began immigrating to Israel?
After the Holocaust where there were growing feelings of Anti-Semitism
Why was the Middle Eastern conflict caused?
Due to a clash of religious ideas and principles between Jews and Muslims
Who were living side by side?
Jews and Arabs
What did Britain promise after WW1?
They promised both Jews and Arabs they would have their homeland
Do both Muslims and Jews believe Britain should have gotten involved?
Some people believe that Britain should not have gotten involved
What followed British and UN involvement in Palestine?
What were the feelings of Palestinians after British and UN involvement?
They resented the enroachment of their land
Whose feelings didn't Britain take into consideration?
The feelings of Muslims who were already living in the area
What happened to Palestine in 1922?
They split Israel into two parts which led almost immediately into conflict between Jews and Arabs
Who was living in Palestine at the time the UN gave the land to the Jewish people?
Muslims were living in Palestine
What is Israel to both Muslims and Jews?
A Holy site
What has been attempted?
To bring a two-state solution with the creation of an independent Palestine state alongside an Israeli state
What led to political tension in Israel over the years?
The Six Day War in 1967
Yom Kippur War 1973 and
Two uprisings by Palestine
What were held in order to settle the conflict?
Peace talks were held however little was achieved
What do some people feel about the war?
It is impossible to find an answer/solution to
What did Gordon Lynch say about the war?
"The use of the Middle East conflict to pursue an Anti-Semetic agenda by some Muslim's is also morally bankrupt and has done more harm than good to the Palestinian cause"
What are both sides claiming?
Their point of view is right and that the land of Israel and Jerusalem belongs to them
What is Jerusalem to Muslims?
A sacred city as Muhammad passed through it on his journey to heaven
What were Palestinian's ready to fight for?
Their right to their land
Who did Muslim's decent from?
Abraham through his illegitimate son Ismail
What is Israel to Muslims?
A holy city
What is located in Jerusalem which are sacred to Muslims?
Islamic sites such as the Dome of the Rock and the Al - Asqa Mosque
Why did the American's feel pressure?
American pressure increased especially after the Holocaust as there was a moral obligation to create a homeland for the Jews who had none
What do some people feel about the Palestinian cause?
Although there may be many Holy sites, they have Mecca their homeland, the Jewish people do not have a homeland
What drives the West's involvement in the Middle East?
The desire to root out extremist religion
What do some people about British involvement?
They should not have gotten involved
What may have outside input played?
What has Israel been closely associated with?
What happened to British headquarters and troops in Palestine?
They were attacked by terrorist groups
What have Jewish government had to do in Israel?
Upgrade their safety procedures with military as they cannot trust Palestinian's after attacks
What do Palestinian's feel about the Israeli militant government?
They have lost their freedom
What do Palestinian's have to do everyday?
Be checked at checkpoints by Israeli soldiers, they need approval every day to live their lives, i.e. going to work, shopping
What do Israeli's feel they need to do?
They need to fight back against Palestinian's who have built a terrorist network aimed to attack innocent Israeli civilians
What land is import to Muslim's?
Why do Muslim's feel they need to gain control over East Jerusalem?
As part of any lasting peace settlement as they will not be able to be at peace in their religion
Why are there negative relationships between Jewish and Muslim communities?
After years of conflict and misunderstandings
Why did the United Nations give the Middle East to the Jewish people after WW2?
So they could live together in peace whilst having a homeland which they were deprived after centuries of conflict and xenophobia
Why do Israelis feel they need to control Palestinian's in a militant manner?
In order to protect themselves from more terrorist attacks and murders of innocent civilians
What is an aim of Islamic Relief UK?
To provide relief in Palestine following the Middle Eastern Conflict
What did the Islamic Relief UK say about the conflict?
"This conflict has caused the biggest humanitarian crisis in many years"
What does the Qur'an say about helping others?
"Whoever saved a life, it would be as if they saved all of mankind" (Qur'an 5:32)
What is Jerusalem to the Jewish people?
It is God's "Chosen City" for the Jewish people
What was the Zionist ambition?
To create a Jewish state, a place to call their homeland after years of Anti-Semitism and neglect
When did the Jewish people occupy their land?
From 11th-16th BCE
Do all Jewish people claim the land is soul theirs?
Not all Jewish people claim the land is theirs
What do some people believe they will be doing by fighting the war?
They are claiming back the land gifted to them by God
What is the Wailing Wall?
The last remaining site, the remains of their old city
Is the Dome of Rock important to Jewish people?
It is the site where Abraham was ordered to sacrifice his child to God
When did sympathy for the Jewish cause rise?
After WW2 and the Holocaust
What do Jewish people believe about the land?
They have claim to the land as it was gifted to them by God - "The Promised Land"
What do Jewish believe about the Palestinians?
They are terrorists and will not compromise to gain peace
What did PM David Cameron say after Israel's latest assault on Gaza?
It has 'reiterated the UK's staunch support for Israel...and underline Israel's right to defend itself."
What declaration in 1917 favoured establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine?
The Balfour Declaration