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When did tv emerge in homes?



Who developed the first tube transmitting images using light converted electrons?

Philo Farnsworth


Where and when did TV make its first debut?

Philadelphia (Franklin Institute) in 1935 by Philo Farnsworth


When did the FCC adopt technical and ownership standards of TV in the US



How many lines was TV Supposed to be and how many frames per second



Between what years did the FCC new tv licence and why?

1948 to 1952 and to set standards for ownership control


In 1948 how many US Households had a tv?



By 1960 how many homes had a tv?

Over 90%


When and where was the first TV Show Aired?

In New York (At the World's Fair) in 1939


Who was Camel Cigarette branded by when shows had one soul sponsor?

John Cameron Swayze


TV in the 1940's

- World war 2 shortages, conservation efforts stall broadcasts
- Radio news moves to tv
- FCC Fairness Doctrine requries TV to air conflicting views on important subjects
- First CBS episode of 'See it now' Airs
- Single corporate sponsors for news and entertainment shows
- Radio Genres move to tv
- CBS, NBC, and Dumont form
-NBC and CBS do first newscast
-FCC Freezes number of licence due to poor signals
-Cost of tv $400 (1948)


What Radio genres move to tv in the 1940's

Westerns, sitcoms, variety, quiz, and mystery


What Radio themes move to tv in the 1940's

Upward mobility, assimilation and suburbanization


What tragedy struck tv in the 1950's

in 1953 a Quiz show (Twenty One) rigged the game to increase drama and capture audiences. This destroyed the trustworthy and pure believe that tv had garnered


TV in the 1950's

- Woman are told that their voices are not authoritative enough to deliver news
- Radio's Pauline Frederick makes it to tv and reports on the UN
- Quiz show scandal (1953)
-Networks start selling time rather than shows to avoid commercial influence on content after scandal
- 'I love Lucy' airs as first scripted show with live audience
- FCC sets standards for compatible black and white color signals


1960's Network and Audience Peak

- 90% of US has TV
- There are 600 stations
- Major networks take control (NBC, CBS,ABC)
- Broadcast journalism rises to top
- Authority newscasters re-establish TV credibility (ie: Edward Murrow, Walter Conkite, Dan Rathers, David Brinkley, and Chet Huntley)
- Anchors try to create familial tones by holding cigarette in hand or saying goodbye to do-anchor


When was public broadcasting creates



How much did Dan Rathers make to set the standard for national news commentators

2.2 Million for 10 year contract


By what time were there hundreds of more channels

1980's with cable


1960's Civil Rights, tech affects content

- FCC chair Newton Minow delivers famous 'Vast Wasteland' speech about poor programs containing senseless violence, mindless comedy and offensive advertising (1961)


1970's TV

- Authoritative figurehead mystique wanes
- Family shows call for a simpler lost past
- Variety of shows embrace youth culture
- Socially relevant sitcoms challenge audiences
-Viewership peaks by the end of this decade
- Cable, satellite, home video machine and market, personal video recorders, TiVo and the internet give viewers more power. This reduced views
- Major networks take a hit because government constricts network control


1980's - 2000's

-Live cable coverage takes off CNN forms (1980)
- Networks dominate despite competition
- Creative financing
- Independent producers
- Product placement (cross marketing)
- Syndication


In the 1970's how were networks hit by the new government regulations

- Lost right to program during first hour of prime time and to run their of syndicate companies


What year was the right to own Syndicate companies restored?



Define Syndication

The licensing of multiple radio and TV stations to broadcast radio and TV programs without going through the broadcast network


Define First-run syndication

A broadcast that is made directly and first and foremost for sale through syndication


DefineOff-Network Syndication

A broadcast that was originally run on network TV or first-run syndication but has been given a license to be sold through syndication (ie: a rerun (usually found on smaller networks such a FOX))


Define Public Broadcasting Syndication

A broadcast that shares public broadcasting with other networks that compete with them on a small scale


TV 2000's to Present

- Innovation
- Online Presence (Social media)


The Multi-Screen Experience

- TV and the internet working together (Smart TV)
- Different viewing
- Screen size flexible to lifestyle
- Control of content flow - Touch responsive
- Tailored to consumer habits