Midterm Flashcards Preview

Plant Science > Midterm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midterm Deck (113)
Loading flashcards...
1

Used for feed, environmental conservation, renewable energy, aesthetics, and by products

Forages

2

Aboveground portion of plant

Shoot

3

Below ground portion of plant that absorbs nutrients

Root

4

Individual shoots of grasses

Tillers

5

Basal portion of plant shoots (stem bases)

Crown

6

Aboveground portion where new tillers/shoots come from

Stolon

7

Below ground stem where new tillers/shoots come from

Rhizome

8

Emergence of seedling

Germination stage

9

Stage of growth primarily with leaf tissue

Vegetative stage

10

Bloom of floral buds

Reproductive stage

11

Formation of mature seed

Seed development stage

12

H20 into seed, temporary root formed, form coleoptile, grows into plumule, seminal root system

Germination of grasses

13

Hypocotyl underground

Hypogeal germination

14

Hypocotyl aboveground

Epigeal germination

15

Deeper roots without a tap root

Festucoid development

16

Tap root closer to the surface

Panicoid development

17

Cells shorten vertically and pulls plant into soil

Contractile growth (legumes)

18

Grass with 3-5 phytomers?

Cool season

19

Grass with 3-9 phytomers?

Warm season

20

Signals the transition to vegetative to reproductive tillers
-cold period
-longer warmer day

Vernalization

21

Light process that takes CO2 into carbs
Solar-->Chemical

Photosynthesis

22

Conversion of carbs into CO2 and energy
Chemical-->Biological

Respiration

23

Reaction responsible for turning solar energy into NADH and ATP?

Light

24

Reaction that fixates CO2 and used ATP and NADH from light reaction?

Calvin (Dark)

25

Capture the solar energy

Thylakoid membranes

26

Where the conversion of solar to chemical energy happens?

Stroma

27

Calvin Cycle 3 steps?

-Carboxylation (RUBISCO binds CO2)
-Reduction(3-PG gots to 2GAP)
-Regeneration(GAP makes more RUBISCO) (or goes to make glucose)

28

Cool season photosynthesis

C3

29

Warm season photosynthesis with CO2 pump

C4

30

CO2 goes into mesophyl cells, where dark reaction happens to make sucrose, sucrose transported to phloem

C3 photosynthesis