Flashcards in Midterm Deck (166):
What are two of the four aspects of the unique beauty of the Bible? Wilkinson and Boa list all four.
What are two of the four basic questions of life [that were listed by Wilkinson and Boa]?
1. Who am I?
2. Why am I here?
God loves us and desires for us our highest good. What is that highest good?
Conformity to the character of His Son.
Who was present with Jesus when He was transfigured?
Moses and Elijah
According to Wilkinson and Boa, what is the central event of history?
In your own words, what are three things that are unique about the PRODUCTION of the Bible?
1. Diverse Styles - historical narratives, letters, stories, poetry
2. Perfect Unity - tracing redemption from Genesis to Revelation
3. Produced over a span of 1500 years
In your own words, share three things that are unique about the Bible's PRESERVATION?
1. In spite of persecution
3. Translated into over 1700 languages
According to Wilkinson and Boa, what is the greatest work of literature, history, and theology ever written?
What are the four divisions of the Old Testament that Christians use today?
From what mountain did Moses view the Promised Land before his death?
The book of Genesis is divided into eleven separate units by the repetition of what phrase?
Generations. "These are the generations of..."
True/False: The book of Genesis ends some three centuries before Moses was born.
True/False: Moses had been providentially prepared to understand and integrate, under the inspiration of God, all the available records, manuscripts, and oral narratives on which the book of Genesis depends.
The book of Genesis can be divided into three sections which cover approximately...
2000 years; 193 years; 93 years
The Abrahamic Covenant, reconfirmed in Genesis 15, emphasizes three facets. What are they?
2. Seed (Great Nation - population of descendants)
3. Blessing (Great personal and spiritual blessings)
Name 3 of the 4 people from the book of Genesis who are considered types by Wilkinson and Boa.
List the 4 great events (from Genesis 1-11) and the 4 great people (from Genesis 12-50) around which the content of Genesis is built.
Give two of the four principles that Merrill suggests to assist in the interpretation of the texts?
1. Genre - each demand interpretative methods unique to itself
2. Compare Genres - to shed light on the obscurity of a solitary text.
What are two of the four structural clues [mentioned by Merrill] that sent the Old Testament apart from common historiography?
1. Chronological order for long sections of historical matters.
2. Thematic order for grouping material together.
Abraham was born about...
Abraham's life overlapped that of Shem by...
What Old Testament personage could have known BOTH Adam and Shem?
Who said it? - "Hath the Lord as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearkin than the fat of rams. For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the Lord, he hath also rejected thee..."
In your own words, explain in what sense Abraham is "the father of all them that believe."
Abraham was a father in a figurative sense. An example, or "teacher".
According to Major Ian Thomas, what is the curse of Christendom?
to piously dedicate to God all that you presume to find good in the flesh which God has condemned.
True/False: In obedience, man offers to God his own will, in rational and spiritual worship.
According to N.A. Woychuck, what alone can induce a person to abandon the allurement of this world, and commence a pilgrimage toward heaven?
Real faith in the Gospel of Christ
What are the three key words that show the progression of history in the book of Exodus?
1. Subjection (by taskmasters in Egypt)
2. Redemption (by 10 plagues to liberate from Egypt)
3. Instruction (at Sinai, 10 commandments; specific laws; Golden Calf; Tabernacle)
What are four of the seven "types" [historical realities which create a prophetic hunger for for Christ in Exodus?
3. Exodus Event
4. Manna and Water provision
The revelation given in the book of Leviticus was given to Moses by God over a period of how long?
What is the "key word" or theme of Leviticus?
What is the topic of the key chapter in Leviticus?
Leviticus 16 - Day of Atonement
Where is the only place in the Old Testament where it says "thou shalt love they neighbour as thyself"
What are three (of five) pictures of Christ in the book of Numbers?
1. The Brazen Serpent
3. Pillar of Cloud and Fire
The book of Numbers mentions 10 times that Israel did not obey God's voice, with a final failure of faith at what place?
Give three of the five contrasts mentioned between Leviticus and Numbers.
What are the basic three sermons that make up Deuteronomy?
1. What God has done.
2. What God expected of Israel.
3. What will God do?
The Conquest recorded in Joshua lasted about how long?
What does the book of Joshua teach?
Victory and blessing come through obedience and trust in God.
Could the book of Judges have been written by Samuel?
Yes, it was written during the time of Samuel, and his prophetic ministry clearly fits the moral commentary of Judges and the style and orderly scheme points to one complier.
Give titles to each of the four chapters of the book of Ruth.
1. Ruth's decision to stay with Naomi.
2. Ruth's devotion to care for Naomi.
3. Ruth's request for redemption by Boaz.
4. Ruth's reward of redemption by Boaz.
What two books of the Bible are named after women?
Ruth and Ester
What are three errors which Israel committed when they demanded a king (Saul)?
1. Impatient demand - not waiting for God's time and God's best.
2. Improper motive - rejected God as king to put confidence in man.
3. Inadequate criteria - desired a visible military and judicial leader like all the nations!
What are the three parts (divisions) of II Samuel, that describe David's periods of life?
When were the pyramids of Egypt built? In relation to Abraham and Israel.
Long before either Abraham or Jacob.
During the Old Kingdom
Joseph rose to power under, and built the power of, Middle Kingdom Egypt.
Where did Jacob go to find a wife?
To Padan Aram, where Laban lived.
Briefly describe what happened during the three forty-year periods in Moses' life?
1526-1486 - Moses grew up in Egypt in Pharaoh's home.
1486-1446 - Moses flees Egypt due to killing the Egyptian Taskmaster.
1446-1406 - Moses returns to Egypt to lead the Israelites.
What Canaanite cities were burned during the Conquest?
Jericho, Ai, and Hazor
What are three of the five areas in which the work of Moses, under God, can be summarized?
1. Moses liberated Israel out of bondage.
2. Moses regulated sacrificial and tabernacle worship.
3. Moses instituted the Passover and the sprinkling of blood.
From what mountain did Moses look out to see the Promised Land before he died?
Traditionally, who wrote the book of Kings in its final form?
What are two of the four basic principles taught in the Book of Kings?
1. Man cannot rule himself without conscious dependence on the help of God.
2. The Kings were illustrations of the people as a whole - they set the tone.
What queen introduced Baal worship to Israel?
What queen had Naboth and his sons killed in order to take his vineyard for a royal garden?
Who was the prophet whose words King Ahab rejected just before his death from the Battle at Ramoth Gilead?
Who is the main prophet mentioned in II Kings?
In your own words, explain why Elisha is a better "type" of Christ that Elijah.
Elisha lived among the people.
He emphasized grace, life and hope.
Elisha had a double-portion of the Spirit.
He worked twice as many miracles.
Give 3 of the 6 examples of contrast between First and Second Kings, that evidence deterioration and destruction.
1. Opens with David
2. Temple built and consecrated
3. Begins with blessings for obedience
1. Closes with Nebuchadnezzar
2. Temple violated and destroyed
3. Ends with judgement for disobedience.
True/False: Chronicles gives a religious history of the Davidic Dynasty of Judah.
Whom does the Jewish Talmud takes as the author of Chronicles?
Ezra the priest
Give 4 of the 8 differences between Samuel and Kings vs. Chronicles, according to Talk Thru the Bible.
Samuel & Kings
1. Political History
2. Written by authors soon after the events
3. Message of judgement
4. Man's failings
1. Religious History
2. Written by Ezra many years after the events
3. Message of hope
4. God's faithfulness
List 4 of the 16 sources mentioned by Chronicles.
1. Book of the Kings of Israel and Judah
2. Chronicles of Samuel the Seer
3. Chronicles of Nathan the prophet
4. Chronicles of Gad the Seer
How many chapters are devoted to Saul's reign in I Chronicles?
Who are five good kings mentioned in II Chronicles who are given considerable space?
Which of these religious or philosophical leaders did NOT have a life which overlaps the events of the book of Ezra?
Once the work started, how many days did it take Nehemiah to complete Jerusalem's wall?
Mordecai who guided Esther was her...
In what ways is Esther like Christ?
Put herself in place of death for her people, but receives approval of the king.
On what Jewish feast day is the book of Esther read?
Feast of Purim
What son of David tried to keep Solomon from becoming king?
What was special about Gibeon as a "high place" rather than Mount Zion? (In the early days of Solomon)
The great bronze alter at Gibeon was the Mosaic original.
What prophet promised Jeroboam I that the Lord would give him kingship over 10 tribes?
Ahijah the Shilonite
How many administrative districts were under Solomon's government?
What were the three great international powers in the 10th century BC in the Ancient Near East?
3. Israel (Solomon)
What king moved the capital of Northern Israel from Tirzah to Samaria, which hill he purchased from Shemer?
Jehoshaphat of Judah was a basically good king, but for what reason did he receive a stern prophetic rebuke?
For his friendship with Ahab. He married his son (Jehoram) to the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel.
What were the three commissions that God gave to Elijah at Sinai? Whom was he to anoint or to have anointed?
1. Elisha (as his prophetic successor)
2. Jehu (as king of Israel to terminate Omri's dynasty)
3. Hazael (as king of Damascus)
Give 2 of the 3 occasions on which the prophet Elisha assisted Joram, King of Israel.
1. Red sun rays of water give victory to Joram, Jehoshaphat, and the King of Edom.
2. Naaman came to Elisha to be healed of leprosy.
3. Elisha reported Syrian troop movements to Joram; Syrian king came down to Dothan, but were blinded and taken to Samaria for a hot lunch.
Jehu destroyed the house of Omri (killing both Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah), and thus he provides a "synchronism" going for both the Norther Kingdom of Israel and the Southern Kingdom of Judah in the year...
Who was the high priest in Jerusalem that protected Joash from Queen Athaliah, and guided Joash during his early righteous years, until he died, and young princes diverted Joash to apostasy?
What fraction of the Bible is the Old Testament?
The New Testament covers about 100 years of history, but how many years of history are covered in the Old Testament?
over 4,000 years
According to Talk Thru the Bible, what are 3 major ways in which Christ is seen in the Old Testament?
1. Over 300 prophecies.
2. The Passover Lamb
3. The Tabernacle and sacrifices.
Give 3 of the 6 contrasts between the Creation Accounts of Genesis 1 and 2, such as are noted in Talk Thru the Bible.
2. Climaxes with man
3. The 6 days of creation
2. Climaxes with marriage
3. The 6th day of creation
In your own words, explain what happened to the great longevity of man before the Flood to cause the shortened longevity of man after the Flood.
Longevity due to perfect genotype, vapor canopy, hyperbaric pressures, protection from harmful solar radiation, etc. With the collapse of the vapor canopy, mankind was exposed to harmful solar radiation (causing mutations), and lower atmospheric pressure, and changed geography and climate.
Briefly describe the relationship of the Abrahamic Covenant (in its reaffirmations) as the basis of the other Old Testament covenants.
1.Land - Palestinian Covenant (Deut. 30)
2. Seed - Davidic Covenant (II Sam 17)
3. Blessing - Temporary old (Exod. 19-20); Future and permanent new (Jer. 31)
List the five poetic books in canonical order.
5. Song of Solomon
Be able to describe briefly the role of 5 key persons, mentioned in the Old Testament, each about 500 years apart...
1. Abraham - Called to receive covenant of land, seed, and blessing. Patriarch to Israelites.
2. Moses - led Israel out of Egypt and mediated Law at Sinai, led people in wilderness, to victory over Sihon and Og.
3. David - Israel's 2nd and blessed king, given Davidic Covenant.
4. Ezra - scribe who taught remnant and unified those returned from Exile. Had revival with Nehemiah.
5. Christ, Messiah - to bring in everlasting righteous, but cut off, not for himself, at end of Week 69.
Where does the book of Esther events fit into the Old Testament chronology?
Between the time of Zerubbabel and Nehemiah.
Describe the three stages of the Babylonian Captivity and the three stages to the Return.
606 - Daniel and his three friends;
597 - Ezekiel, Jehoiachin, and craftsmen;
586 - Jerusalem and Temple burned, Jeremiah left behind.
536 - Zerubbabel and Joshua HP return
458 - Ezra Returns
445 - Nehemiah returns to rebuild walls of Jerusalem.
Which prophet is best identified with the "Key Word" of "Salvation is of the Lord"?
Which prophet focuses on the key word of "God's Program for Israel"?
Which prophet announced the "Judgement of Nineveh", and it happened just as he predicted?
Which prophet had a faithless wife, whose love for her illustrated God's love for spiritually adulterous Israel?
Which ancient Near Eastern empire arose first, and carried away people captive from Northern Israel?
Going NORTH from Canaan, which is the first country that one encounters of the lands listed here?
Which of the following cities is the farthest NORTH?
Of the lands east of the Jordan River and Dead Sea, which is the farthest NORTH?
Of the cities in the Middle East in the times of Joshua and the Judges, which city is the farthest EAST?
At the time of the Conquest of Canaan, which geographical feature was the farthest NORTH?
Lake Huleh (now drained)
Of the Tribal Allotments, which of the following tribes was the farthest SOUTH?
During the age of the Judges of Israel, the Kishon River flowed from the Valley of Jezebel into what body of water?
the Mediterranean Sea north of Mt. Carmel
Where did King Saul die?
on Mount Gilboa
During the kingdom of David, what nation held territory south of the Dead Sea?
What geographical feature was located SOUTH of the City of David (Jerusalem)?
Hint Valley (compare Gehenna)
Into how many "Districts" did Solomon divide his kingdom for administrative purposes?
During the Divided Monarchy, which of the following cities was SOUTH of Jerusalem?
Which area was the farthest to the EAST in the Assyrian Empire?
Which region was farthest NORTH in the days of the Babylonian Empire?
What characteristic does Wyochuk focus on when he deals with David?
In what two places did David spare the life of Saul? Briefly describe the details of what happened at each place.
1. The cave at En-gedi (David cut off a portion of Saul's cloak)
2. Hill of Hachilah (David borrowed the spear and cruse of Saul and later returned them)
List 3 of the 6 things that meditation on God's Word does for a person.
1. Aids the memory
2. Warms the heart
3. Redeems the time.
If Tibni, a competitor to Omri, were listed as a king, how many kings and how many dynasties would there be for Northern Israel?
20 kings and 10 dynasties
Comparing the locations of the cities of Persepolis, Susa, and Ecbatana, which city is the farthest EAST?
About how large was the area of the Egyptian Empire in comparison to the Hittite Empire?
The Lydian empire was taken over by whom and when?
Cyrus of Medo-Persia in 546 BC
According to Merrill, what was a central and indispensable element of the promise of Yahweh to the patriarchal fathers?
eternal occupation of the land of Canaan
According to Merrill, the traditional date of the conquest is about 7 years duration...
What major city, heavily fortified and defended, posed the greatest problem to Joshua as he began his central campaign to penetrate the interior of Canaan?
What was the condition of the Jordan River at the time Joshua wanted to lead the people of Israel across it?
After Israel crossed the Jordan River and were circumcised, what feast did they celebrate?
About how far was Jericho from Israel's first encampment in Canaan at Gilgal?
about 2 miles
What were the three Canaanite cities that were destroyed by fire in Israel's conquest?
True/False: The relating of the fallen walls at Jericho by Kathleen Kenyon has caused a problem for BOTH the early date (1406) and the later date (1250) proposed for the beginning of Israel's conquest.
About how many men and women were killed at Ai (which may have included some me pursuing also from Bethel)?
about 12,000 men and women
Where was the covenant renewal ceremony, commanded by Moses and accomplished by Joshua performed?
What people group disguised their delegation to deceive Israel and Joshua into signing a nonaggression treaty?
How did God, Yahweh the Warrior, kill more of the Canaanite forces than did the pursuing Israelites in the Valley of Aijalon?
God cast down great hailstones upon them. This was a miracle.
Name 2 of the 6 cities taken by Joshua in the Southern Campaign, their inhabitants slain, but their urban structures left intact.
Jabin, king of what city, led the Northern attack against Israel in the last phase of Joshua's conquest?
In your own words, explain how the proposed date of ca. 1400 BC for the burning of Hazor in northern Canaan, would relate to dating the conquest under Joshua.
All three phases of Joshua's Conquest have minimal damage to towns and cities. Early, Jericho and Ai were burned, and near the end, Hazor was deliberately burned. Other cities were "taken" with the inhabitants killed, but no mention of destruction of their houses and other urban structures. The date of Jericho's fallen walls is debated; the location of Ai is unsure; but the burning of Hazor supports an early date of the Conquest.
In your own words, explain why Joshua mentioned the Anakim so much in his conquest narrative.
The Anakim were a cause of the unbelief of Israelites at Kadesh Barnea. Joshua and Caleb argued that with God's help, Israel was well able to take the land. And now that the Conquest was taking place, Caleb wanted the very place where these giant Anakim lived.
In your own words, what are the three unbelieving "alternative ways" of viewing the conquest of Canaan?
1) Tradition Historical Model - the Bible account is untrustworthy and has alleged contradictions and "doublets." (Martin Noth)
2) The Sociological Model - a peasant revolt against oppression by the wealthy, especially in cities, motivated the rebelling people groups to invent a common myth of oppression in their background. (Norman Gottwald)
3) The "Emergence" Model - There was no Exodus or Conquest, but Canaanite people broke from their existing power structures to create a newfound and ideological commonality – traditions with no basis in actual fact. (Israel Finkelstein and others)
In the period of 1250-1150 BC, Central Palestine was wracked by pervasive, chaotic upheaval and dislocation. What does Merrill believe is the best explanation for this situation?
The chaotic times of the Judges.
The distribution of land for seven tribes after the conquest was made at what place, the new religious and political center of Israel?
Where did Joshua gather all the tribes together for a second covenant renewal ceremony before he died?
Isaiah had two sons, Shear-jashub (the older) and Maher-shalal-hash-baz (the younger), who were for signs and wonders in Israel (Isaiah 8:3, 18). What did their names mean?
Shear-jashub - a remnant shall return (hope)
Maher-shalal-hash-baz - swift spoil, speedy prey (implying the immediate fall of Damascus and Samaria)
What 3 things does Isaiah reveal about the Messiah's coming?
1. Virgin Birth (First coming; Isaiah 7)
2. Vicarious or substitutionary sufferings (Isaiah 53)
3. Glorious Second Coming (Isaiah 60-66)
Isaiah spoke of seven "everlasting things". List three of the seven.
In your own words, explain what Isaiah's command means to you (Isaiah 26:4 - Trust ye in the Lord for ever: for in the Lord Jehovah is everlasting strength.)
Not an occasional surge, but an unvarying, unchanging, unlimited, unending source of strength – a Rock of Ages.
There were Philistines present in Canaan during the time of Abraham, but when did the second wave of Philistines, the Sea Peoples, begin?
about 1200 BC
For about how long did the cyclical pattern of the judges affect Israel's history?
more than 300 years
According to Merrill, on what assumption was the religion of Canaan based?
The forces of nature are expressions of divine presence and activity. One can identify the gods responsible for each phenomenon, and then proper ritual can encourage them to do what the worshiper desires.
Who was the head of the Canaanite pantheon, and what was he like?
El - was almost impersonal, a transcendent, powerful, benevolent father figure, with little or no interest in human affairs.
Who was the Amorite storm god whose identity became associated with Baal?
How does Merrill describe the nature of Israel's apostasy?
Turning from Yahweh, the real source of prosperity and fertility, to the figment of depraved imaginations, a disloyalty and covenant rebellion – "whoring after other gods"
Who was the king of Moab whom Ehud, the left-handed judge, killed with a dagger to expel the oppression that came from him in the area near Jericho?
Eglon, a very fat man
Deborah and Barak assembled on what mountain in order to attach the forces of Jabin, king of Hazor?
Who was the general from Hazor, who was killed by Jael, the wife of Heber the Kenite?
How many men were with Gideon when he attacked 120,000 Midianite invaders, surprising them by blaring trumpets, smashing jars, and shining torches?
Who was the father of Abimelech ("my father is king") who was the oppressive "judge" who ruled from Shechem, and was financed with funds from Baal-Berith?
Who were the three women who brought trouble into Samson's life?
1. Philistine maiden from Timnah
2. Prostitute at Gaza
According to Merrill, why do critical scholars refuse to view the Samson stories as history?
Because of the superhuman exploits Samson did...They prefer to describe them as sagas, designed to enhance the reputation of Yahweh.
What is significant about Jabesh Gilead, which ties the town to Benjaminites and to king Saul?
Men of Jabesh Gilead were killed to provide wives to Benjaminites. Saul in his early victory delivered Jabesh Gilead from an Ammonite threat.
Samuel's initial contact with Saul came about because Saul was searching for lost what?
What city did Saul deliver from the Ammonites who threatened to put out the right eyes of the city's inhabitants?
What was Saul's rash oath that made him willing to kill his own son Jonathan? Explain.
Jonathan started a victory against the Philistines, and when the Philistines began to move away, Saul commanded that no one eat until Saul's victory was complete.
Jonathan did not hear this oath, and he took some honey and was strengthened.
What four suggestions does Merrill make to account for Saul's inquiry into the identity of David and his family (after David had killed Goliath)?
1) Time might have elapsed, and adolescents sometimes change drastically in a year or two.
2) Saul's unstable mental and emotional condition might have become aggrevated in this time of stress.
3) Because David's family would become free from taxation, Saul may have inquired regarding the identity of that family.
4) Because David would marry Saul's daughter, Saul might also have inquired after the family.
According to Merrill, what factors may have contributed to a climate of mutual trust between Achish of Gath and David, in order for David and his men to become "vessels" at Ziklag?
1) The rift between Saul and David left Saul without military leadership to eliminate the Philistine threat.
2) David must have conducted himself in such a way that the Philistines thought he meant them no further harm.
3) David convinced Achish that David pledged submission in return for protection from Saul.
In what year did Josiah begin to "seek after the God of David his father"?
in the 8th year of Josiah's reign
What is N.A. Woychuk's view of the origin of the Pentateuch?
It is certain that all 5 books of the Pentateuch were in circulation long before Josiah's day. Hilkiah recovered probably all the sacred books of the Law.
Who reads in the ears of all the assembly "all the words of the book of the covenant which were found in the house of the Lord"?
King Josiah himself
How long did Joash of Judah serve the Lord?
as long as Jehoiada the priest instructed him
How did king Joash die?
Joash was assassinated.
Why did Amaziah, the son of assassinated king Joash, not kill all the families of the assassins?
Because Amaziah obeyed God's law. 2 Kings 14:6 But the children of the murderers he slew not: according unto that which is written in the book of the law of Moses, wherein the LORD commanded, saying, The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, nor the children be put to death for the fathers; but every man shall be put to death for his own sin. DEUTERONOMY 24:16. Deuteronomy was written as a book long before the reign of king Josiah.