Flashcards in Session 12 Study Questions Deck (34):
What is the 3-fold benefit of our Lord's redemptive work?
1. Forgiveness of sin
2. Justification, which restores us a position of favor before God.
3. Deliverance from the power of sin at the coming of the Lord.
What are three great establishments which came out of the Babylonian Captivity?
1. Jews were never idolatrous again.
2. The Synagogue was born.
3. The Canon of the OT - which traces "the scarlet thread of redemption"
When Jesus was transfigured, who appeared with Him, talking about His death?
Moses and Elijah
In what 3 ways is Jesus Christ seen in the OT?
1. In over 300 prophecies.
2. As the Passover Lamb
3. In the Tabernacle and sacrifices
What is the theme of the OT?
Man's unsuccessful attempts to please God through works.
In what ways is the Abrahamic Covenant foundational to the other OT covenants?
1. Land blessing is expanded in the Palestinian Covenant (Deut. 30)
2. Seed blessing is confirmed in the Davidic Covenant (2 Sam. 7)
3. Blessing was conditional through the "old" Mosaic Covenant, but ultimate blessing is guaranteed by the "New" Covenant (Jer. 31)
Into what 2 divisions may the 10 Commandments (Moral Law) be divided?
1-4 Duties to God
6-10 Duties to Man
How many "cycles" of Judges are there?
7 (counting Abimelech as one oppressor)
In your opinion, who is the greatest of the Judges, and why?
Killed Eglon and 10,000 Moabites giving the land 80 years of rest.
What principle is illustrated by the events and persons related to the Life of David?
Obedience grows out of a heart for God.
How many kings and dynasties are involved in the Kingdom of Northern Israel?
19 kings and 9 dynasties
(if you count Tibni who competed with Omri - 20 kings and 10 dynasties)
How many kings and dynasties are involved in the Kingdom of Southern Judah?
19 kings and 1 dynasty
(if you count Queen Athaliah as a brief usurper - 20 rulers and 1 dynasty)
What are the conditions for attaining wisdom?
True wisdom can only be gained by cultivating the fear of the Lord.
What can enable us to choose the eternal value system?
This choice is based on faith (believing God in spite of appearances and circumstances), and faith is based on trust.
How do we grow in faith?
Our ability to trust God is directly proportional to our knowledge of God. The better we know God, the more we can trust Him.
Be able to classify the writing prophets according to the people to whom they spoke, and the period in which they wrote (before the exile, during the exile, after the exile).
To Israel: Amos, Hosea
To Nineveh: Jonah, Nahum
To Edom: Obediah
To Judah: Joel, Isaiah, Micah, Zephaniah, Jeremiah, Habakkuk, Lamentations
To Jews in Babylon: Daniel, Ezekiel
To returning remnant: Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
Be able to identify a writing prophet by the theme of the book he wrote
See additional cards with the Prophets and their themes.
The theme of Isaiah
2-fold message of condemnation and consolation. God's judgement on the sins of Judah, the surrounding nations, and the world, followed by future salvation and restoration.
The theme of Jeremiah
Declaration of certain judgement of God aginst Judah. God promises to establish a new covenant with His people.
The theme of Lamentations
This beautifully structured series of 5 lament poems is a funeral dirge for the fallen city of Jerusalem.
The theme of Ezekiel
Ministry to the Jewish captives in Babylon before and after the fall of Jerusalem. The fate of Judah's foes and an apocalyptic vision of Judah's future.
The theme of Daniel
Outlines God's plan for the gentile nations and portrays Israel during the time of gentile domination.
The theme of Hosea
The story of Hosea and his faithless wife illustrates the loyal love of God and the spiritual adultery of Israel.
The theme of Joel
A recent locus plague illustrates the far more terrifying day of the Lord. God appeals to the people to repent in order to avert the coming disaster.
The theme of Amos
In 8 pronouncements of judgement, Amos spirals around the surrounding countries before landing on Israel. He lists the sins of Israel and calls for repentance.
The theme of Obediah
Condemns the nation of Edom for refusing to act as a brother toward Judah.
The theme of Jonah
The repentant response of the people of Nineveh to Jonah's one-line prophetic message caused the God of mercy to spare the city.
The theme of Micah
In spite of divine retruibition against the corruption of Israel and Judah, God's covenant with them will be fulfilled in Messiah's future kingdom.
The theme of Nahum
About 125 years after Nineveh repented under the preaching of Jonah, Micah predicted the destruction of the city because of its idolatry and brutality.
The theme of Habakkuk
Troubled with God's plan to use the Babylonians as His rod of judgement on Judah, Habakkuk praises the Lord after gaining a better perspective on His power and purposes.
The theme of Zephaniah
The coming day of the Lord is a time of awesome judgement followed by great blessing. Judah stands condemned, but God will restore the fortunes of the remnant.
The theme of Haggai
After the Babylonian exile, Haggai urges the Jews to put God first and finish the Temple they had begun so that they can enjoy God's blessing.
The theme of Zechariah
Like Haggai, Zechariah exhorts the Jews to complete the construction of the Temple. He relates it to the coming of Messiah in a series of visions and messianic prophecies.