Flashcards in Midterm Deck (87)
Where was the first permanent settlement in the new world?
What was main motivation for migration to the new world?
The two things that sustained the pilgrims through hardship was their will to succeed and their confidence........
In god's providential care
During the seventeenth century, the meaning of the term Puritan broadened to include virtually all English Protestants who did not support the Church of England
What were the causes of Puritanism's decline?
With natural prosperity had come worldly interests and goals. Secular values were replacing religious ones. As a result, church membership had fallen
The halfway covenant
Attempted to build up church membership
Deism maintained that the solution to man's problems lies in human reason rather than in the supernatural revelation of the bible
What were three things the deist a believed?
1. God created us and is all powerful but doesn't intervene in man's affairs
2. Man gets better through education
3. Man is not flawed, through works we will please God
What had to occur before a distinctly American literature could exist?
Dependence on English literature had to be abandoned
Because colonial literature naturally reflected the interests and concerns of its writers, it is not surprising that the earliest author wrote mostly about.......
Once the colonists had established permanent settlement, the subject matter of literature predominantly concerned........
Toward the end of the eighteenth century, most writers...........
Presented a secular view of life
In arguing for the worthiness of colonization, smith lists responsibilities to four powers from most to least important. Which order is correct?
God, King, country, ourselves
Bradford began writing of Plymouth plantation in 1630, perhaps because
He was afraid that the Massachusetts bay colony would overshadow the Plymouth colony
Winthrop's journal primarily focuses on......
God's providential care for the colonists
According to Winthrop, which type of Liberty does man have in common with animals?
The primary purpose of literature in early America was entertainment
False, it as instruction
For the most part, early Puritan writers imitate the ornate writing style of popular English authors
False, it was a plain writing style
Modern critics have unjustly criticized the writing of Puritan authors as lacking artistry
What are three aspects of Puritan influence?
-the subservience of pleasure to duty
Mrs. Rowlandson's account of her Indian captivity was one of the most representative works of the seventeenth century in its portrayal of each of the following except
The need to preach the gospel to the Indians
The Puritan diary is considered the basis of what genre of literature?
Biographical or autobiographical
William's belief about what principle has been influential among religious and political conservatives since his day?
Separation of church and state
What does Bradstreet accomplish more effectively than any other Puritan writer?
The touchingly human feeling of human life
In "upon the burning of our house", what reason does Bradstreet cite for determining that God is just?
All her goods belong to God
In addition to being a pastor, what other services did Taylor provide for his town?
Physician, and organizer for the defense against the Indians
In "meditation 1.6" what does Taylor want God to be his "spectacles"?
Taylor can examine himself from god's perspective to see if he indeed had god's image
What is the theme of edward's writings?
That religious knowledge must be in the heart not just in the head
Critics agree that Paige's genius is in his style rather than in his thought