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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (87)
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1

Where was the first permanent settlement in the new world?

Jamestown, Virginia

2

What was main motivation for migration to the new world?

Religion, adventure

3

The two things that sustained the pilgrims through hardship was their will to succeed and their confidence........

In god's providential care

4

During the seventeenth century, the meaning of the term Puritan broadened to include virtually all English Protestants who did not support the Church of England

True

5

What were the causes of Puritanism's decline?

With natural prosperity had come worldly interests and goals. Secular values were replacing religious ones. As a result, church membership had fallen

6

The halfway covenant

Attempted to build up church membership

7

Deism maintained that the solution to man's problems lies in human reason rather than in the supernatural revelation of the bible

True

8

What were three things the deist a believed?

1. God created us and is all powerful but doesn't intervene in man's affairs
2. Man gets better through education
3. Man is not flawed, through works we will please God

9

What had to occur before a distinctly American literature could exist?

Dependence on English literature had to be abandoned

10

Because colonial literature naturally reflected the interests and concerns of its writers, it is not surprising that the earliest author wrote mostly about.......

Adversity

11

Once the colonists had established permanent settlement, the subject matter of literature predominantly concerned........

Religion

12

Toward the end of the eighteenth century, most writers...........

Presented a secular view of life

13

In arguing for the worthiness of colonization, smith lists responsibilities to four powers from most to least important. Which order is correct?

God, King, country, ourselves

14

Bradford began writing of Plymouth plantation in 1630, perhaps because

He was afraid that the Massachusetts bay colony would overshadow the Plymouth colony

15

Winthrop's journal primarily focuses on......

God's providential care for the colonists

16

According to Winthrop, which type of Liberty does man have in common with animals?

Natural

17

The primary purpose of literature in early America was entertainment

False, it as instruction

18

For the most part, early Puritan writers imitate the ornate writing style of popular English authors

False, it was a plain writing style

19

Modern critics have unjustly criticized the writing of Puritan authors as lacking artistry

True

20

What are three aspects of Puritan influence?

-work ethic

-goal-centeredness

-the subservience of pleasure to duty

21

Mrs. Rowlandson's account of her Indian captivity was one of the most representative works of the seventeenth century in its portrayal of each of the following except

The need to preach the gospel to the Indians

22

The Puritan diary is considered the basis of what genre of literature?

Biographical or autobiographical

23

William's belief about what principle has been influential among religious and political conservatives since his day?

Separation of church and state

24

What does Bradstreet accomplish more effectively than any other Puritan writer?

The touchingly human feeling of human life

25

In "upon the burning of our house", what reason does Bradstreet cite for determining that God is just?

All her goods belong to God

26

In addition to being a pastor, what other services did Taylor provide for his town?

Physician, and organizer for the defense against the Indians

27

In "meditation 1.6" what does Taylor want God to be his "spectacles"?

Taylor can examine himself from god's perspective to see if he indeed had god's image

28

What is the theme of edward's writings?

That religious knowledge must be in the heart not just in the head

29

Critics agree that Paige's genius is in his style rather than in his thought

True

30

Edward Taylor's view of man's corrupt nature later influenced authors such as.......

hawthorne and Melville