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Flashcards in MIDTERM Deck (30):
1

Abydos

- A capital City
- Location of the Tomb of Kings
- A center for Nagada Culture
- Royal cemetery
- A painted birth brick

2

Amarna Tablets/ Letters

- written on clay tablets in cuneiform script
-Proof Egypt had a upper hand in negotiations
-Mostly from Akhenaten reign
- 400 letters

3

Amenemhet 1

- Middle Kingdom reign during the 12th D
- Assassination attempt signs of political insatability
- He was a Vizier
- Pyramid of Amenenhet is ITJ Tawy

4

Badarian Culture

- Neolithic Middle Egypt
- New pottery type a reddish bottom and black top
- The burials were more deliberate and elaborate with grave goods
- More farming and less hunting and fishing

5

Corvee Labor

- Form of labor
- Used for taxation
- type of labor used to help build monuments
- Used for state projects

6

Deir el-Medina

- South Egypt in Thebes
- Where the workers lived that were working in the valley of the kings
- cemetery for children, arranged by age
- Specialized workers lived here the state took care of their daily activities

7

Democratization of the afterlife

- Royalty use to be the middle man to the afterlife
-Meant there was no difference between royalty and commoners
- By the 3rd intermediate period everyone has access to

8

Dispute Between a Man and His Ba

- 1st Intermediate Period literature
- grappling with despair
- Carpe Diem theme

9

Dream Stela

- Thutmose IV takes a trip
- Stops and naps in front of the Spinx
- Spinx bestows Egypt to Thut
- This dream legitimatizes his role and royalty
- Stela located between paws of the Spinx

10

Harem Conspiracy

- The plot to assassinate Ramsey III
- Ramsey changed his succession his son was no longer next in line
- on papyrus
- Punishments for members in the conspiracy ranged from death to labor

11

Herakleopolis

- 20th Upper Egypt nome
- Capital city during the 3rd intermediate period and and late period
- working class ceremony
- tomb 100 had plaster painted walls

12

Hyksos

- Ahmose defeats Hyksos in the new Kingdom
- Used Egyptian writing systems
- Middle Hyksos period build large temples but not to the status of Egypt
- Late Hyksos increased burials
- Minoan style wall paintings ( late Hyksos period)

13

Kerma Culture

- Upper Nubia
- Middle Kerma were are powerful independent state
- Ahmose campaigns against Kerma
- Tumuli shows signs of sacrificial victims

14

King Scorpion

- Prodynastic, one of the earliest kings
- scorpion next to name
- tomb U-J likely his tomb located at Abydos
- One of two scorpion kings

15

Manetho

- D 7-8
- " 70 kings in 70 days"
- 3rd century priest
- created a list of royal dynasties

16

Memphis

- 1st IP unkwn number rulers tried to keep control
- D1 captial during the age of pyramids
- Mayors worked in memphis during NK
- Located in lower Egypt

17

Nabta Playa

- neolithic
- stone in circular arrangement
- located in southern Egypt
- new ceramic type with black tops

18

Nagada Culture

- 1 of the primary pre- dynastic cultural groups
- Upper Egypt
- largest settlement in the region
- beginning of monumental architecture
- Tomb 100

19

Napoleonic Invasion

- Invasion mainly for military purposes in 1798
- conducted a systematic investigation to study and record Egypt
- His crew included his army along with many scholars
- Recorded many of the major monuments within a year

20

Nome

- Administrative districts or provinces
- Divided in sequence with land on both sides of the river
- 22 Nomes of Upper Egypt
- Est. by 5th Dynasty

21

Personal Piety

- Individual worship of Deities
- Personal Stelas are being created
- Do not need the king to act as intermediary
- Happens outside of the official temple
- after D 18

22

Ptolomy I Soter

- D 33
- Given Egypt to rule
- Represents himself as a pharaoh
- Grain- based economy

23

Ramesseum

- Rameses II mortuary temple
- There was a gigantic statue of the seated king
- Located in Thebes
- More grandiose than his fathers

24

Semna Dispatches

- located in Nubia
- ports of collection usually fortified
- Papyri texts about movement and actives
- The texts proof Egypt keeping tabs on the Nubian's

25

Seqenenre Tao

- Fell to the Hyksos
- multiple fatal skull injuries
- A ruler that went out to fight with his troops

26

Tell al Dab’a/Avaris

- D 12 becoming non- Egyptian
- House designs similar to Syria
- Avaris capital for the Hyksos d 15

27

The Eloquent Peasant

- 1st intermediate period literature
- themes of justice
- peasant addresses the judge 9 times

28

Thutmose III

- New kingdom expansion
- D 18
- Lead 17 campaigns expanding to the Levant area
- Luxor

29

Vizier

- Second hand man to the pharaoh
- handle day to day state issues
- Amenh 1 was a vizier
- life and in death close ties to the king or queen

30

William Matthew Flinders Petrie

- A pioneer, he developed a systemic way of excavation
- He took detailed notes for each site, everything had value
- sequence through stratigraphy
-created ceramic seriation related to chronology