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Flashcards in Minimum Questions Deck (38):
1

Definition of animals suspected of being infected with anthrax

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2

Definition of animals diseased by anthrax

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3

Official measures in case of animals diseased with anthrax

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4

Official measures in case of animals suspected of being infected with anthrax

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5

Official measures in case of confirmation of African swine fever on a holding

- all the pigs on the holding are killed and their carcasses processed
- all contaminated material or waste must be destroyed, processed or treated
- cleaning and disinfection of all premises, vehicles and equipment under official supervision
- meat of pigs slaughtered during the period between the probable introduction of the disease and the taking of official measures shall be traced and processed when possible under official supervision
- protection zone: a radius of at least 3 km
- surveillance zone: a radius of at least 10 km
--> census of all the holdings
--> ban on the movement and transport of pigs
--> movement restrictions of products, vehicles, people
--> no markets. fairs, gatherings
--> strict cleaning, disinfection, disinsectisation

6

Official measures in case of confirmation of African swine fever on holdings where the occurrence of disease has been linked to vectors

In the case of holdings where the occurrence of disease has been
linked to vectors, restocking shall not take place for at least
6 years unless:
--> specific operations to eliminate the vector from the premises
and places where the pigs are to be kept or can come into
contact with the vector have been successfully carried out
under official supervision, or
--> it has been possible to show that the persistence of the vector
no longer represents a significant risk of African swine fever
being transmitted.

7

Definition of Aujeszky's disease free swine herd

- No infection for 2 years
- Epidemiological conditions (eg. isolation, controlled movements, laboratory examinations, records)
- No vaccination
- Testing of all breeding sows and boars and representative sample of fattening pigs
- Insemination or natural breeding with negative semen/boars

8

Definition of officially Brucellosis free bovine herd

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9

Definition of positive single intradermal tuberculin test

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10

Definition of inconclusive single intradermal tuberculin test

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11

Definition of negative single intradermal tuberculin test

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12

Definition of positive comparative intradermal tuberculin test

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13

Definition of inconclusive comparative intradermal tuberculin test

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14

Definition of negative comparative intradermal tuberculin test

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15

Definition of tuberculosis free bovine herd

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16

Definition of specified risk material in bovine animals

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17

Definition of specified risk material in ovine and caprine animals

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18

Definition of "cohort" in case of confirmation of BSE

A group of bovine animals which were either born in the same herd as, within 12 moths preceding or following the birth of the affected cattle or reared together with the infected animal at any time during the first year of life and which may have consumed the same feed as that which the affected animal consumed during the first year of life

19

Official measures in case of confirmation of Classical Swine Fever on a holding

- all the pigs on the holding are killed and their carcasses rendered
- any material or waste likely to be contaminated is destroyed, rendered or processed
- cleaning and disinfection under official supervision
- meat of pigs slaughtered during the period between the probable introduction of the disease and the taking of official measures shall be traced and processed when possible
- epidemiological inquiry

20

Official measures in case of confirmation of Classical Swine Fever in feral pigs

- determination of the infected area
- official surveillance on the pig holdings in the area
- official census
- isolation of domestic pigs from feral pigs
- no pigs enter or leave the holding without authorization
- written plan of the measures taken to eradicate the disease in the infected area
- collect information on the
--> geographical distribution of the disease
--> information campaign to increase hunters awareness
--> approximate number of feral pig population in and around the infected area
--> method of removal of feral pigs found dead or shot

21

Use of vaccination in case of confirmation of classical swine fever

- Use of preventative vaccines is prohibited
- The Member State concerned may submit an emergency vaccination plan to the Commission for both farm and feral pigs
- Marker vaccine means a vaccine that can elicit a protective immunity distinguishable from the immune response elicited by the natural infection with the wild type virus by means of laboratory tests

22

Definition of animals diseased with equine infectious anaemia

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23

Definition of animals suspected of being contaminated with equine infectious anaemia

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24

Rules of taking samples in case of FMD suspicion

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25

Use of vaccination in case of confirmation of FMD

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26

Evaluation of ophthalmic test in case of glanders

- 24 hour rest
- 0.2 ml mallein dripped onto the conjunctivitis
- Evaluation
--> after 8-12 or 16-24 hours
--> positive: swelling, purulent discharge
--> inconclusive: mucous discharge
--> negative

27

Definition of potentially rabid animals

- An animal that shows symptoms of the disease, or
- An animal that is symptomless but has been bitten by a potentially rabid animal, and
- A wild mammal which behaves strangely or attacks humans

28

Definition of potentially rabies-infected animals

An animal that has or may have contacted with rabid or potentially rabid animal within the last 90 days

29

Definition of rabies risky animals

- Any mammal that has attacked or bitten humans OR
- Any dog that has not received anti-rabies vaccination in accordance with the regulations

30

Official measures with potentially rabid animals

- Potentially rabid domestic animal or susceptible animals kept in captivity shall be killed or upon the request of the animal’s keeper put under official monitoring for 90 days. The animal showing CS must be inspected daily, while animals not showing CS, inspected weekly.
- Potentially rabied stray or wild animal must be killed, and the official veterinarian must be informed without delay.

31

Official measures with potentially rabies-infected animals

- Potentially rabies infected animals shall be put under official monitoring for 90 days.
- Potentially rabies infected carnivorous animal shall be monitored under separation at the place of their keeping, inspected once every 3 weeks or if their safe separation is not possible at an official place.
- Potentially rabies infected non-carnivorous animals shall be inspected once every 3 weeks. During the monitoring, the animal shall be kept isolated in order to avoid contact with humans and with other animals.

32

Official measures with potentially rabies-risky animals

Potentially rabies risky animal shall be put under official monitoring for 14 days, and unless they already have it , the dog shall be marked with an electronic transponder ( microchip implanted under the skin) . At the end of the monitoring period, the dog shall receive an anti-rabies vaccination in case it does not have a valid anti-rabies vaccination.

33

Rules of preventive vaccination of dogs against rabies

The animal keeper, at his or her expense, shall arrange the vaccination of all dogs above 3 months of age to be performed by a private veterinarian responsible for the animal health supervision of such dogs as follows:
- Within 30 days after reaching 3 months of
age
- Within 6 months after the first vaccination
- Every year afterwards

34

Definition of officially enzootic-bovine-leukosis-free herd

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35

Official measures in case of confirmation of Newcastle disease on a holding

- all poultry are killed on the spot
- the carcasses and eggs are destroyed
- any substance or waste liable to be contaminated is destroyed or treated
- the meat of poultry slaughtered during the presumed incubation period is traced and destroyed
- hatching eggs laid during the presumed incubation period is traced and destroyed, poultry which hatched from such eggs are placed under official surveillance
- thorough cleaning and disinfection
- reintroduction at least 21 days after the end of the disinfection operations

36

Official measures in case of confirmation of Newcastle disease in pigeon

- application of the control and eradication measures provided for the poultry
- or at least a ban on movement of the pigeons or birds kept in captivity for at least 60 days
- destruction or treatment of any matter or waste likely to be contaminated
- an epizootiological inquiry
- use of swill is prohibited for the feeding of poultry
- contingency plan

37

Definition of IBR-virus free bovine herd

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38

Maintanance of IBR-virus free status in bovine herd

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