Mnemonics Flashcards Preview

My EMT > Mnemonics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mnemonics Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

Rapid trauma assessment

DCAP-BTLS:

Deformities
Contusions
Abrasions
Penetrations
Burns
Tenderness
Lacerations
Swelling

2

Pain

OPQRST:

Onset
Provoked
Quality
Radiates
Severity
Time it started

3

Shortness of breath

PASTE:

Provoked
Associated chest pain
Sputum
Time/talk ability
Exercise tolerance

4

Stroke

GFAST:

Gaze
Facial droop
Arm drift
Speech impairment
Time seen normal

5

Medical assessment

SAMPLE:

Symptoms
Allergies
Medications (prescribed or recreational)
Past pertinent medical history
Last oral intake
Events leading up to this

6

ALOC

AEIOUTIPS:

Alcohol
Epilepsy
Insulin
Overdose/underdose
Uremia
Trauma/toxins
Infection/illness
Poison/psych
Stroke

7

S/S of shock

- Cool, clammy, pale
- rapid breathing and pulse
- nausea, vomiting
- Enlarged pupils
- dizziness/fainting

Treatment:
Legs up, blanket, O2

8

Blood glucose levels

Normal: 80-120 ml/dL
Hypoglycemia: <60
Hyperglycemia: >140

9

Pulse rate

Normal: 60-100
Child: 80-120
Infant: >100

10

Respiratory rates

Normal: 12-20
Child: 15-30
Infant: 25-50

11

Scene Size-up

ENAMES:

Environment
Number of patients
ALS intervention
Mechanism of injury/Nature of Illness
Extricate
Spinal precautions

12

A, B, C’s

Airway: open & patent

Breathing: RR 12-20, good depth, good quality, Lung sounds

Circulation: bleeding, color, cap refill, sensory, motor, pulse

13

AVPU

Alert
Verbal
Pain
Unresponsive

14

Drug overdose

DOACRE

Drug
Onset
Amount
Chief complaint
Route
Elicit or illicit

15

Pupil assessment

PERRL

Pupils are
Equal
Round and
Reactive to
Light

Pinpoint:
Dilated:
Unequal:
Odd shape:

16

Closed soft tissue injuries

RICES

Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevate
Splint

17

KED

Seated spinal strap placement:
“My Baby Looks Hot Tonight”

Middle
Bottom
Legs
Head
Top

18

APGAR

Newborn score at 1 and 5 minutes

Appearance: pink (2), pink body/blue extremities(1), blue/pale(0)

Pulse: >100 (2), <100 (1), absent (0)

Grimace: prompt (2), minimal (1), floppy (0)

Activity: active (2), flexed arms/legs (1), absent (0)

Respiration: vigorous cry (2), slow and regular (1), absent (0)

19

6 P’s of extreme injury

Pain
Pallor
Pulseless-ness
Parenthesis (puns and needles)
Paralysis
Pressure

20

Types of Shock

CHAMPS RN:

Cardiogenic:
Hypovolemic: hemorrhagic (bleeding) or non-hemorrhagic (vomiting/diarrhea)
Anaphylactic:
Metabolic:
Psychogenic:
Septic:
Respiratory:
Neurogenic:

21

Stroke mimics

HEMI

Hypo/hyperglycemia
Epilepsy
Multiple sclerosis & hemiplegic migraine
Intracranial Tumors (infections: meningitis, encephalitis, and abscesses)

22

Level of Consciousness Score

Glasgow coma scale (GCS)
>15 normal
<8 severe dysfunction

Eye (4):
- spontaneous
- verbal
- pain
- none
Verbal (5):
- oriented conversation
- confuses conversation
- inappropriate words
- incomprehensible
- none
Motor (6):
- obeys commands
- localized pain
- withdraws from pain
- abnormal flexion
- abnormal extension
- none