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Flashcards in Medical Terminology Deck (54)
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1

Hyperglycemia

High blood glucose
>120

S/S: Increased thirst, blurred vision, frequent urination, 3 p’s, red

Treatment: ensure they’ve administered their insulin

2

Hypoglycemia

Low blood glucose levels
<60 mg/dL

S/S: hunger, shakiness, perspiration, dizziness/lightheaded, sleepiness, confusion, unconscious, ALOC

Treatment: give glucose gel if it can be self administered

3

Hypoperfusion

- Shock

- inadequate delivery of O2 can result in organ system failure

S/S: distended jugular vein, weak/absent pulse, abnormal pulse, abnormal heart rhythms/fast HR, exaggerated reduced BP, Hypotensive (low BP)

4

Hypovolemic Shock

- Inadequate fluid/volume in circulatory system

- 2 types:
Hemorrhagic: injuries involving bleeding (burns, crushing injuries, loss of blood)
Non-Hemorrhagic: vomiting & diarrhea (dehydration)

5

Visceral pain

Acute abdominal pain: dull, diffuse pain. Difficult to localize. Frequent vomiting & nausea

6

Parietal pain

Acute abdominal pain:
- Severe, localized pain. Usually sharp and constant.
- Patient will often cut up in a ball, breathing slowly to diminish pain

7

Appendicitis

- inflammation of the appendix
- can lead to septic shock
- s/s:
- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, fever
- pain begins as diffuse, but then localized to right lower quadrant

8

Cardiac Tamponade

- Compression of the heart caused by fluid buildup in sac around the heart.
- Causes dramatic decrease in BP (hypotension), shortness of breath, and lightheaded-ness

9

Injury to C7

- May be unable to move the intercostal muscles (muscles btw ribs that help with breathing)
- May breathe entirely with the diaphragm (aka. Belly breathing)

10

Chest injury breaths

Often rapid and shallow

11

Embolism

Clot/blockage in an artery

12

Edema

Fluid buildup

13

Meconium

- Fecal matter ingested during the time infant is in the uterus
- Check immediately upon delivery

14

Xiphoid process

Small, lower part of the sternum

15

Decompression sickness

- Painful condition seen in divers who ascend too quickly, in which gas, especially nitrogen, forms bubbles in blood vessels and other tissues (ex. Bends)
- S/S:

16

Signs of shock

- Cool/Clammy/Pale
- High HR
- High RR
- nausea/vomiting
- dilated pupils
- dizziness
- ALOC
Weakness/Fatigue/Lathargic

17

Hypothermia

- Systemic cold emergency, when body temp falls lower than needed to maintain homeostasis

- S/S:
- cold, pale, cyanosis
- shivering; ceases in extreme cases
- loss of coordination/muscle stiffness
- ALOC
- Low HR, RR, and BP

- Treatment:
- manage life threats
- remove from cold and warm slowly
- remove wet clothes

18

Extreme injury (6 P’s)

- Pain
- Pallor
- Pulseless-ness
- Paresthesia (pins & needles)
- Paralysis
- Pressure

19

Septic shock

- Shock resulting from infection (can mimic a stroke)

- S/S:
- SOB
- Dramatic increase in HR
- Lowered BP
- ALOC
- Dark/less urine
- Cool, Clammy skin
- Dizzy/weakness
- Fever (body fighting infection)
- Nausea/Vomiting/loss of appetite/diarrhea

20

Gastric distension

- Enlargement of the stomach
- Caused by blood/air collected in abdomen
- Treat: transport asap

21

Drug overdose

DOACRE:

Drug
Onset
Amount
Chief complaint
Route of administration
Elicit / illicit

22

Bronchospasms

- Sudden contraction of the walls of the bronchioles
- Causes difficulty breathing

23

Spontaneous Pneumothorax

- Sudden onset of collapsed lung
- Absent breath sounds in lower part of lung

24

COPD

“Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease”
- Progressive Lung Disease:
- Emphysema
- Chronic Bronchitis
- Refractory asthma
- Treatment:
- Give O2, but not too much, because it can worsen the chronic diseases

25

Pleuritic Chet Pain

- Sudden and intense sharp, stabbing, or burning pain in inhaling or exhaling

- Exacerbated by:
- deep breathing
- coughing
- sneezing
- laughing

- Cause: inflammation of parietal pleura (outer layer of lungs)

26

Tachycardia

Rapid heart rate

27

Emphysema

Shortness of breath due to damaged alveoli (air sacs in lungs)

28

Priapism

Persisting and painful erection - indicative of spinal injury in trauma

29

JVD

“Jugular Vein Distention”

- What: vein on side of neck bulges

- Causes:
- (R) sides heart failure
- pulmonary hypertension (high BP, affects arteries in lungs and (R) side of heart)
- Tricuspid Valve Stenosis: Valve stiffening that separates the (R) atrium and (R) ventricle = blood backup
- Superior Vena Cava Obstruction: tumor/clot
- constrictive pericarditis: fluid filled sac around heart becomes stiff
- cardiac tamponade: buildup of fluid in pericardium

- Treatment: O2, possible shock, drive fast

30

Tracheal deviation

- trachea pushes to one side of neck

-causes:
- pressure buildup in the chest cavity/neck (injury causing lots of swelling/internal bleeding)
- pneumothorax
- multimodal goiter (enlarger thyroid gland)
- pleural effusion: extra fluid un pleural cavity around lungs
- pleural fibrosis: pleura (membrane around lungs) inflammation
- pulmonary fibrosis: stiffening of lungs
- atelectasis: lung collapse, b/c alveoli can’t hold air

- treatment: O2, possible shock, drive fast