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Flashcards in Mock Exam 4 Deck (136)
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1

Maximum dorsiflexion occurs during which phase of gait?
A. heel off
b. toe off
c. acceleration
d. mid-swing
e. push-off

Heel off

2

A single cycle of gait is defined as the time...
a. from heel off of one foot to heel off of the other.
b. from heel off of one foot to push off of the same foot.
c. from heel off of one foot to heel strike of the other.
d. from heel off of one foot to heel off of the same foot.
e. from contralateral reciprocation of the forefoot weight time.

from heel off of one foot to heel off of the same foot.

3

During which phase of gait are the hip extensors most active?
a. mid-stance
b. heel-strike to foot flat
c. push to midswing
d. aceleration
e. foot flat to mid-stance

heel-strike to foot flat

4

At what phase of gait is medial lateral stability of the knee most important?
a. midswing
b. acceleration
c. mid-stance
d. foot flat
e. free fall

Mid-stance

5

In measuring for a quadrilateral brim, what is the most important measurement?
a. inguinal ligament to posterior
b. medial lateral and base scarpa triangle
c. anteroposterior and horizontal projection of scarpa triangle
d. thigh circumference divided by 2 plus 1.5 inch
e. anteroposterior and medial lateral.

anteroposterior and medial lateral.

6

What comprises the scarpa triangle?
a. sartorius, rectus femoris, inguinal ligament
b. sartorius, adductor magnus, inguinal ligament
c. sartorius, femoral artery, rectus abdominus
d. sartorius, inguinal ligament, adductor longus
e. anterior, lateral, proximal thigh

sartorius, inguinal ligament, adductor longus

7

What is the best position for managing the chronically dislocating gleno-humeral joint?
a. internally rotated and flexed slightly
b. abducted and internally rotated
c. abducted and externally rotated
d. abducted to at least 70 degrees
e. abducted to 50 degrees and compressed

abducted and internally rotated

8

The oblique diameter of a patients malleoli is 3 5/8 in (90mm). What should the inside dimension of the ankle joints be?
a. 3 7/8 (96mm)
b. 4 1/16 (101mm)
c. 3 15/16 (99mm)
d. 4 1/4 (106mm)
e. 4 3/16 (105mm)

4 1/16 (101mm)

9

A hemiplegic patient presents with zero hip extensors, fair quadriceps, zero calf. Which of the following would you recommend?
a. HKAFO
b. KAFO
c. AFO with dorsiflexion assist
d. AFO with plantarflexion restraint
e. no recommendation

KAFO

10

a 20 year old female patient presents with flaccid anterior compartment and M/L instability in her right lower limb. Which of the following would you recommend?
a. conventional AFO with dorsiflexion restraint
b. polypropylene AFO with trim anterior to the malleoli
c. conventional AFO with gerdmore mechanism.

polypropylene AFO with trim anterior to the malleoli

11

Which muscle most closely duplicates the function of the anterior tibialis?
a. posterior tibialis
b. peroneus longus
c. extensor digitorium
d. peroneus tertius
e. extensor hallicus longus

extensor hallicus longus

12

Which of the following is a contraindication for a spiral AFO?
a. peripheral nerve type of injury
b. weak hip flexors
c. edema with frequent volume changes
d. mild spasticity
e. guillain-Barre

edema with frequent volume changes

13

Why is a Milwaukee brace carefully molded superior to the iliac crests?
a. assist in reducing lordosis
b. assist in pelvic derotation
c. to avoid bony landmarks
d. prevent distal migration
e. cosmesis

prevent distal migration

14

What level of paraplegia seldom gets braced?
a. C5
b. T6
c. T12
d. L1
e. L5

L5

15

Bunnell (cock-up) splints are frequently used for...
a. quadriplegia
b. burns
c. hemiplegia
d. trauma
e. arthritis

e. arthritis

16

What structure assists the deltoid in glenohumeral abductions?
a. latissimus dorsi
b. rhomboid
c. rotator cuff
d. pectoralis minor
e. coracobrachialis

rotator cuff

17

An orthotic patient's wrist is positioned in ulnar deviation and flexion. You should try to reposition the patient's wrist...
a. in slight radial deviation
b. in 30 degrees extension
c. in slight flexion
d. in slight flexion and slight radial deviation
e. in slight flexion, maintain ulnar deviation.

in 30 degrees extension

18

which of the following is often the result of an irregular birth?
a. Gower's sign
b. Down syndrome
c. schmorl's nodes
d. erb's palsy
e. heterotopic ossification

erb's palsy

19

Which of the following is an inflammation of the outer covering of the spinal cord and/or brain.
a. cerebral palsy
b. tuberculosis
c. melanoma
d. meningitis
e. pleuritis

meningitis

20

What is the primary target organ in rheumatoid arthritis?
a. bone
b. cartilage
c. synovium
d. ligaments
e. collagen

synovium

21

Which of the following best describes a small lubricant filled sac which if removed results in an increase in friction?

bursa

22

In an LSO what is the superior margin of the paraspinal bars?
a. the inferior angle of the scapula
b. one inch inferior angle of the scapula
c. the spine of the scapula
d. T7
e. halfway between the inferior angle and spine of the scapula

one inch inferior angle of the scapula

23

What is the superior margin of the paraspinal bars in a Taylor TLSO?
a. L1
b. spine of the scapula
c. inferior angle of scapula
d. halfway between spine and inferior angle of scapula
e. superior angle of the scapula

spine of the scapula

24

What is the preferred position for fitting a hyperextension TLSO (Jewitt type)?
a. prone
b. supine
c. sitting
d. standing
e. standing with knee flexed 20-30 degrees.

supine

25

The superior portion of Milwaukee CTLSO should be carefully fabricated so as to...
a. avoid excessive pressure on the chin
b. avoid excessive pressure on the mandibular angle
c. avoid excessive pressure on the xyphoid process
d. avoid excessive pressure on the ulnar styloid
e. maintain distraction of the cervical spine

avoid excessive pressure on the chin

26

In an attempt to restore upper limb function to a C5 complete quadriplegic, which orthosis should you recommed?
a. WHO
b. WHO c-bar
c. HO
d. WDWHO
e. WHO with externally powered wrist and/or prehension

WHO with externally powered wrist and/or prehension

27

In an attempt to restore upper limb function to a C6 complete quadriplegic, which orthosis should you recommend?
a. WHO
b. WHO c-bar
c. HO
d. WDWHO
e. WHO with externally powered wrist and/or prehension

WDWHO

28

For a median nerve injury at the wrist which is the most appropriate orthosis?
a. WHO
b. HO
c. WHO with c-bar
d. WHO with thumb post
e. HO with thumb post

HO with thumb post

29

What structure is at the distal end of the humerus?
a. olecrenon
b. capitate
c. coronoid
d. epiphysis
e. epicondyle

epicondyle

30

Primary function of the brachioradialis is...
a. gleno-humeral flexion
b. elbow flexion
c. elbow flexion and forearm supination
d. gleno-humeral flexion and elbow flexion

elbow flexion and forearm supination