Q1. What are the two types of electrical communications?
A1. Radio and wire.
Q2. What is the main advantage of radiotelegraph communications?
Q3. Why is radiotelephone one of the most useful methods of military communications?
A3. It is direct, convenient and easy to use.
Q4. What are the disadvantages of radiotelephone communications?
A4. Static, enemy interference or a high local noise level.
Q5. What is the main use of a radio teletypewriter?
A5. High speed automatic communications across ocean areas.
Q6. What is facsimile?
A6. The process used to transmit photographs, charts and other graphic information electronically.
Q7. A system is subdivided into what levels?
A7. Set, group, unit, assembly, subassembly, and part.
Q8. In the example 1A6CR3, what is the assembly designator?
Q9. he majority of vlf transmitters are used for what purpose?
A9. Fleet communications or navigation.
Q10. Today the Navy uses lf communications as a segment of what operational system?
A10. Fleet Multichannel Broadcast System.
Q11. Why does the Navy only use the upper and lower ends of the mf band?
A11. Due to the commercial broadcast (AM) band.
Q12. What are the four general types of communications services in the hf band?
A12. Point-to-point, ship-to-shore, ground-to-air, and fleet broadcast.
A message transmitted on several frequencies at the same time is an example of what type of transmission?
Q14. Physically separating receive antennas is an example of what technique?
Q15. When using frequencies above 30 megahertz, you are normally limited to using what range?
A15. Line of sight.
Q16. The naval communications system is made up of what two groups of communications?
A16. Strategic and tactical.
Q17. What are the five most prominent communications modes of operation?
A17. Simplex, half-duplex, semiduplex, duplex, and broadcast.
Q18. What four switched networks are part of the defense communications system?
A18. AUTOVON, AUTOSEVOCOM, AUTODIN, and DSSCS.
Q19. What two elements support only designated Navy requirements?
A19. HICOM and NORATS.
Q1. What are the four basic transmitter types?
A1. Am, fm, cw, ssb.
Q2. What is the function of the oscillator in a cw transmitter?
A2. It generates an rf carrier at a given frequency within required limits.
Q3. What is the final stage of a transmitter?
A3. Power amplifier.
Q4. What purpose does a microphone perform in an AM transmitter?
A4. It converts audio (sound) into electrical energy.
Q5. In an fm transmitter, when does an oscillator generate only a steady frequency?
A5. When no modulation is present.
Q6. What is a harmonic?
A6. It is an exact multiple of the basic or fundamental frequency.
Q7. If the fundamental frequency is 200 megahertz, what is the third harmonic?
A7. 600 megahertz.
Q8. Why are frequency multipliers used?
A8. To obtain higher carrier frequencies.
Q9. What are two advantages of ssb transmission?
A9. It saves power and frequency bandwidth.
Q10. What is the purpose of an order-wire circuit?
A10. For operator-to-operator service messages and frequency changes.
Q11. What four basic functions must a receiver perform?
A11. Reception, selection, detection, and reproduction.
Q12. What are the four basic receiver characteristics?
A12. Sensitivity, noise, selectivity, and fidelity.
Q13. What frequency conversion principle is used to develop the IF?
Q14. What is the function of the detector?
A14. To extract the modulating audio signal.
Q15. What is the major disadvantage of an fm signal as compared to an AM signal?
A15. Wide bandpass.
Q16. What two components give a ssb receiver its advantages over an AM superheterodyne receiver?
A16. A special type of detector and a carrier reinsertion oscillator.
Q17. What does manual gain control do to strong and weak signals, respectively?
A17. Attenuates the strong and amplifies the weak.
Q18. What is the purpose of agc/avc in a receiver?
A18. To limit unwanted variations in the output.
Q19. What is a disadvantage of agc?
A19. Weak signals produce bias, which could result in no usable receiver output.
Q20. What is the main difference between agc and dagc?
A20. Dagc does not attenuate weak signals.
Q21. What is the function of the bfo?
A21. It is heterodyned with the rf to produce an audio frequency.
Q22. What is the purpose of a squelch circuit?
A22. It eliminates noise when no signal is being received.
Q23. What does a tone control circuit in a receiver do to the audio signal?
A23. It controls the amount of bass and treble response.
Q24. What is the function of a crystal filter in a receiver?
A24. It is used to achieve maximum selectivity.
Q25. What is the primary function of an afc circuit?
A25. It is used to accurately control the frequency of the oscillator.
Q26. What is frequency synthesis?
A26. The process of selecting and/or heterodyning frequencies to produce a signal frequency.
Q1. What are the basic functions of a handset?
To convert energy electrical/acoustic to acoustic/electrical and to key/unkey a transmitter. Also it mutes a receiver when transmitting
Q2. What capability does a transmitter transfer switchboard provide?
A2. Transferring remote control functions and signals to transmitters.
Q3. What function does a receiver transfer switchboard perform?
A3. Transfers receiver audio outputs to remote control stations.
Q4. If the rf amplifier discussed has an 80 milliwatt input, what would be the maximum output?
A4. 800 watts.
Q5. What are the tuning modes for the coupler group discussed?
A5. Automatic, semiautomatic, and manual.
Q6. What is the purpose of an antenna coupler?
A6. It matches the impedance of an antenna to that of a transmission line at any desired frequency.
Q7. Why is the coupler pressurized with nitrogen?
A7. To aid in heat transfer and prevent corona and arcing.
Q8. What are the transmitter operating modes?
A8. Lsb, usb, isb, AM, cw, fsk.
Q9. What type of tuning does the receiver use?
Q10. What is the function of an antenna patch panel?
A10. To connect an antenna/transmission line to a receiver/transmitter.
Q11. What are the functions of a multicoupler?
. Patching and filtering and permits the multiple use of receivers and/or transmitters on a single antenna.
Q12. What are the terms used to describe an open or closed telegraph circuit?
A12. Space and mark.
Q13. How many units are in a tty signal and what are they?
A13. Intelligence (5), start (1), stop (1).
There are not enough combinations of the five-unit code to handle the alphabet, symbols and so forth. What is used to increase the number of available code combinations?
A14. Shift signals.
Q15. What are the two teletypewriter modes of operation?
A15. Synchronous and nonsynchronous.
Q16. Define baud.
A16. A unit of modulation rate.
Q17. Define bit.
A17. Binary digit.
Q18. What are the two types of dc operations used to represent mark and space conditions?
A18. Neutral and polar.
Q19. What is the function of a keyer?
A19. Converts dc to corresponding mark and space modulation.
Q20. What is the function of a converter?
A20. Converts the audio signal to dc pulses.
Q21. Basically describe an afts system.
A21. Uses AM to change dc to audio.
Q22. Basically describe an rfcs system.
A22. A keyer provides rf excitation, which can be shifted above or below the assigned frequency.
Q23. Most Navy tty sets operate at what speeds?
A23. 60, 75, or 100 wpm.
Q24. A receive tty set provides outputs in what formats?
A24. Page-size copy paper and perforated tape.
Q25. What does the color red indicate on a tty patch panel?
A25. It handles classified information.
Q26. What are the functions of cryptographic equipment?
A26. To code or decode messages.
Q27. What are the functions of a converter-comparator group?
The comparator compares the signal strengths from the receivers and the converter converts the frequency-shift rf signal into a tty set dc loop control signal.
Q28. What is the function of a tone terminal set?
A28. It converts dc to audio or vice versa.
Q29. What are the two types of multiplexing?
A29. Time-division and frequency-division.
Q30. What is the purpose of multiplexing?
A30. It allows simultaneous transmission of multiple signals on a single transmission path.
Q31. The transmission of still images over an electrical communications system is known as what?
Q32. The term TEMPEST refers to what?
A32. Compromising emanations.
Q33. What are the three fundamental requirements of a military communications system?
A33. Reliability, security, and speed.
Q34. Which of the above requirements is most important?
Q35. What is the purpose of QMCS?
A35. To ensure continuous, optimum performance of communications systems.
Q36. What is emi?
A36. Electromagnetic interference.
Q37. What are the two emi transmission methods?
A37. Conduction and radiation.
Q38. Electromagnetic radiation is hazardous to personnel in what two ways?
A38. Rf burns and biological, thermal, and neurological effects.
Q39. What is the most useful and widespread technique to reduce rf burn hazards?
A39. Proper bonding and grounding.