Mod D Tech 21 Unconsciousness Flashcards Preview

Technician Course MOD D 2016 > Mod D Tech 21 Unconsciousness > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mod D Tech 21 Unconsciousness Deck (10):
1

Unconsciousness

Unconsciousness as a condition is easy to recognise, the causes may be simple or complex and you may not always be able to recognise or treat them

You can, however ensure survival of the patient or prevent complications by prompt continued care of the airway and correct positioning

2

Causes of Unconsciousness

•Fainting

•Infantile convulsions

•Stroke

•Heart attack

•Shock

•Head injury

•Anaphylaxis

•Poisons

•Epilepsy

•Diabetes

•Blood loss

•Extremes of body temp

•Asphyxia

•Cardiac arrest

•Hysteria

•Drug overdose

3

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•Fainting

•Infantile convulsions

•Stroke

•Heart attack

•Shock

•Head injury

•Anaphylaxis

•Poisons

•Epilepsy

•Diabetes

4

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•Blood loss

•Extremes of body temp

•Asphyxia

•Cardiac arrest

•Hysteria

•Drug overdose

 

5

Management of the unconscious patient

•DCRABCDE

•Treat life threatening conditions

•Secondary survey – Head to toe

•Gain history from bystanders/family

•Patient positioning

–following treatment of illness or injury

•Maintain continuous observation of the airway

•Assess GCS

•Assess blood sugar levels

•Full set of obs and repeat

6

Full head-to-toe examination

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•Deformities

•Contusions

•Abrasions

•Penetrations/punctures

•Burns

•Tenderness

•Lacerations

Swellings

7

Checking bony areas for…

•Tenderness

•Instability

•Crepitus

•Movement

•Sensation

•Circulation

8

Ongoing assessment

Record full set of obs:

•Pulse

•Resps

•Temp

•SA02

•BP

•BM

•GCS

•ECG

Repeat every 10 mins.

9

Use ATMIST to pre-alert
(if required)

•Age and sex of patient

•Time of incident

•Mechanism of injury

•Injury or illness suspected

•Signs

–(vital signs) indicate whether physiological state of patient has improved or deteriorated

Treatment given

10

Summary

•Never leave an unconscious patient unattended

•Maintenance of the airway is vital

•Information on the history of the event and any changes in patients condition are important to the hospital

•Take into account Mechanism of injury when assessing your patient