Mod D Tech 8 Respiratory conditions COPD Flashcards Preview

Technician Course MOD D 2016 > Mod D Tech 8 Respiratory conditions COPD > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mod D Tech 8 Respiratory conditions COPD Deck (11):
1

COPD includes all diseases where pulmonary tissue causes obstruction to the free flow of air in the lungs –

Name Main Ones

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2

Bronchitis An inflammatory condition that affects the airways

Acute bronchitis (viral or bacterial) -common in young children and the elderly -is usually short lived In Chronic Bronchitis the bronchial mucous glands secrete excess mucous which the patient coughs up This can obstruct the airways Lung damage may eventually result in right heart failure, peripheral oedema and cyanosis

3

Chronic Bronchitis what does the person look like signs symptoms

Blue Bloater (Oedema - ascites?)

Difficult inspiration & expiration

Productive cough

Hypoxic drive?

4

Treatment for Chronic BronchitisAcute exacerbation

Oxygen = ? Oxygen

Alert Card – Target O2, Otherwise aim for SpO2 88% - 92%

Salbutamol Encourage coughing and collect sample of sputum

Assist ventilations if necessary

5

Emphysema characterised by distension of the alveoli and destructive changes in their membranes what does the person look like

Lung tissues lose their elasticity and the airway loses it’s muscular integrity and collapses Air doesn’t enter the alveoli Hypoxia is the main respiratory stimulus but patients are not usually cyanotic

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6

Emphysema Signs and symptoms

Pink puffer

Usually thin

Usually maintains normal skin colour

Use of accessory muscles

Difficult exhalation

Pursed lips

7

Emphysema Treatment

Oxygen = ? Oxygen

Alert Card – Target O2,

Otherwise aim for SpO2 88% - 92%

Salbutamol

Maintain Patient’s most comfortable position

8

Pneumonia

Caused by either virus or bacteria People at risk – elderly – chronic illnesses Build up of fluid and pus to form areas of consolidation Productive cough – coloured sputum Treatment involves high oxygen concentrations

9

Pulmonary Embolism

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10

Pulmonary Embolism

Possible Signs & symptoms:

Feelings of being breathless that come on suddenly with no apparent explanation

Pains in the chest when you inhale

Feeling faint

Coughing up blood-stained phlegm

Rapid pulse

11

Pulmonary Embolism Treatment

Treatment:

High oxygen concentration

Be prepared for resuscitation

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