Module 13: Phylum Chordata Flashcards Preview

Exploring Creation With Biology 2nd Edition > Module 13: Phylum Chordata > Flashcards

Flashcards in Module 13: Phylum Chordata Deck (34)
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1

What do sea squirts, lampreys, and amphibians have in common?

They all go through metamorphosis from larva to adult

2

What is the difference between cartilage and bone?

Cartilage is more flexible and weaker than bone

3

What kind of blood vessel has a thin wall?

A capillary

4

What do red blood cells do?

Red blood cells carry oxygen in the blood

5

What protein gives red blood cells their color?

Hemoglobin gives red blood cells their color

6

Which brain lobe is responsible for the muscle movement?

The cerebellum

7

Which brain lobe is responsible for vision?

The optic lobe

8

When the female receives sperm from the male and the lays an egg which hatches, what kind of fertilization is this? What kind of development is this?

The fertilization is internal and it is an oviparous development

9

Which has the most inflexible skeleton: a ray, a lamprey, or a salmon?

The salmon's skeleton is less flexible

10

What do Atlantic salmon and many lampreys have in common?

Atlantic and many lampreys are anadromous

11

What is the shark's most sensitive means of finding prey?

The shark's most sensitive means of finding prey is its electrical field sensor

12

What function does the lateral line perform in sharks and bony fish?

The lateral line senses vibrations in the water

13

What function do the dorsal fins perform in both sharks and bony fish?

The dorsal fins are used for balance in the water

14

What function does the anterior dorsal fin perform in bony fish?

The anterior dorsal fin is used as a defensive weapon because it is hard and sharp

15

What is the major difference between the tail of a ray and the tail of a skate?

Rays have thin, whiplike tails, while skates have thicker, fleshy tails

16

List the six common characteristics of amphibians.

Their endoskeleton is made mostly of bone
Their skin is smooth with many capillaries and pigments
They usually have two pairs of limbs with webbed feet
They have as many as four organs of respiration
They have a three-chambered heart
They are oviparous with external fertilization

17

What is the difference between a frog and a toad?

Frogs have smooth, wet skin and live near water
Toads have dry, warty skin and need not live near water

18

For most amphibians, what is the major respiratory organ?

Their skin

19

What are the three types of bone cells?

Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
Osteoclasts

20

What is the protein in bones called?

Collagen

21

What are the two types of bone tissue?

Compact bone tissue
Spongy bone tissue

22

What does bone marrow produce?

Blood cells

23

Which skeleton supports the head, neck, and trunk?

The axial skeleton

24

Which skeleton has the limbs attached to it?

The appendicular skeleton

25

The vertebrate system is composed of...

Veins, arteries, and capillaries

26

What do red blood cells carry?

Oxygen

27

What do red blood cells get their color from?

Hemoglobin

28

Which development: an egg outside the female's body

Oviparous

29

Which development: an egg inside the female's body

Ovoviviparous

30

Which development: inside the female, connected to her by a placenta

Viviparous