Module 14: Kingdom Plantae: Anatomy and Classification Flashcards Preview

Exploring Creation With Biology 2nd Edition > Module 14: Kingdom Plantae: Anatomy and Classification > Flashcards

Flashcards in Module 14: Kingdom Plantae: Anatomy and Classification Deck (39)
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1

if a portion of a plant is producing new cells, what type of plant tissue will be in the region

meristematic tissue

2

what do we call the structure that attaches the blade of the leaf to the stem

the petiole

3

in a leaf, what is the function of the palisade mesophyll

photosynthesis

4

in a leaf, what is the function of the spongy mesophyll

photosynthesis

5

in a leaf, what is the function of the epidermis

protection

6

in a leaf, what is the function of the xylem

transports water and minerals

7

in a leaf, what is the function of the phloem

transports food and organic substances

8

in a leaf, what is the function of the chollenchyma

support

9

what controls the opening and closing of the stomata on a leaf

the guard cells

10

why is the bottom of a leaf typically a lighter shade of green than the top of the leaf

the spongy mesophyll is on the bottom of the leaf and is a lighter shade of green

11

name two types of pigments that cause leaves to be a color other than green

carotenoids and anthocyanins

12

if a tree has no abscission layer, will it be deciduous

no

13

where is the abscission layer

between the stem and the petiole

14

name the four regions of a root

root cap
meristematic region
elongation region
maturation region

15

which region of a root contains undifferentiated cells

the meristematic region

16

what allows woody stems to have no limits to their growth, unlike herbaceous stems

the cork cambium

17

what is the function of vascular cambium

produces new vascular tissue

18

if a stem has cork cambium, is it woody or herbaceous

woody

19

what kind of vascular tissue makes up the most of the wood in a woody stem

xylem

20

what kind of vascular tissue is found in the inner bark of a woody stem

phloem

21

what is the dominant generation in the moss life cycle

gametophyte generation

22

a fern has antheridia and archegonia, which part of the fern life cycle is it in

gametophyte generation

23

why are plants from phylum Bryophyta relatively small

they have no vascular tissue

24

if a 15 foot tall plant has a root system that goes four feet deep, is it a fibrous or taproot system

fibrous

25

what are the male and female reproductive organs in a tree from phylum coniferophyta

male: pollen cone
female: seed cone

26

what is the fundamental difference between monocots and dicots

the number of cotyledons produced in the seed

27

name a difference between monocots and dicots

monocots: venation is parallel
dicots: venation is netted

28

a plant produces flowers, which phylum does it belong to

anthophyta

29

the study of plants is called

botany

30

plants that grow year after year are

perennials