Module 3: Prenatal Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 3: Prenatal Development Deck (22)
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1
Q

Evolutionary Psychology

A

Focuses on how universal patterns of behavior and cognitive processes have evolved over time

2
Q

Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection

A

Process in which organisms change over time so that those genes and behaviors better suited for survival reproduce, and those who can’t survive die off

3
Q

Allele

A

A specific version of a gene

4
Q

Chromosome

A

A DNA molecule with part of all of the genetic material of an organism

5
Q

DNA

A

A helix-shaped molecule made up of nucleotide base pairs

6
Q

Gamete

A

A male or female reproductive cell

7
Q

Genotype

A

A genetic make up of an individual

8
Q

Heterozygous

A

A combination of alleles for a given gene

9
Q

Homozygous

A

Having two copies of the same allele for given gene

10
Q

Phenotype

A

The individuals inherited physical characteristics

11
Q

Prenatal Diagnosis

A

An aspect of prenatal care focused on pursing additional information once a problem has been found

12
Q

Prenatal Screening

A

An aspect of prenatal focused on finding problems before birth; noninvasive

13
Q

Adoption Study

A

Behavior genetic research method that involves the comparison of adopted children to their adoptive and biological parents

14
Q

Amniotic Sac

A

A fluid-filled sac that protects and contains the fetus in the uterus

15
Q

Behavioral Genetics

A

The empirical science of how genes and environments combine to generate behavior

16
Q

Dizygotic

A

Derived from two separate ova

17
Q

Epigenetics

A

The study of heritable phenotype changes that do not involve alterations in the DNA sequence

18
Q

Monozygotic

A

Derived from a single ovum

19
Q

Twin Studies

A

Behavior genetics research method that involves a comparison of the similarity of identical and fraternal twins

20
Q

Stages of Prenatal Development

A

Zygote, embryo, fetus

21
Q

Teratogen

A

Any agent which can cause a birth defect

22
Q

Apgar Score

A

Test done 5-10 minutes after a baby is born, if less than five should be a concern