Module 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 6 Deck (40):
1

Hematocrit

Males 40-52%
Females 36-48%

2

Serum albumin

3.5-5.5

3

Protein

6-8

4

Transferrin

200-400

5

Hemoglobin

Males 13-18
Females 13-16

6

Mid arm circumference

Men 29.3
Female 28.5

7

Hemoglobin A1c

4-6%

8

Cataracts

Affects people after age 55 and results in yellowish and brownish discoloration of the lens

8

GS: falls
Neurologic
3

Dizziness
Poor balance and gait
Intracranial hemorrhage

9

Common causes of anemia

GI bleeding
Nutritional deficiencies

10

Cataracts S/S
4

Colors that look dull or brownish
Glare and halos around lights
Painless blurring of vision
Poor night vision

11

Pre albumin

15-30

12

Frequently reported symptom associated with common illnesses among older adult clients including COPD asthma lung cancer and HF

Dyspnea

14

Entropion

Turning of the lower eyelid and causes eyelashes to touch the conjunctiva and cornea

15

Severe Entropion may result in an

Ulcerous corneal infection

16

GS: acute mental status decline
Infection
3

Pneumonia
Urinary tract
Sepsis

17

This is seen in Parkinson's disease

Abnormality in blinking

18

Blood glucose level

65-99

19

GS: acute mental status decline
Cardiovascular
2

HF
CVA

20

This is a sign of hypothyroidism

Dull of blank staring

24

Irregular shaped pupil

Indicate a removal of a cataract

25

Most common cause of infection related deaths in older adults

Pneumonia

26

Asymmetric pupillary reaction response may be due to a

Neurological condition

27

Significant decrease in central vision to the extent needed for ADLs

Cataracts in one or both eyes

28

GS: falls
Musculoskeletal
3

Loss of strength
Osteoporosis
Osteoarthritis

29

GS: acute mental status decline
Metabolic
3

Hypothyroidism
Hyperthyroidism
Hypoglycemia

30

What increases risk of glaucoma

Diabetes
Artherosclerosis

31

Glaucoma S/S
4

Blurred vision
Nausea
Rainbow like halos or circles around lights
Severe pain in the eyes or forehead

32

GS: urinary incontinence
Constipation
1

Fecal impaction

33

What is always a symptom of an underlying pathology

Anemia

34

Dehydration S/S
7

Decreased urine output
Dry warm skin
Fever
Furrowed swollen red tongue
Lethargy
Sudden weight loss
Weakness

35

Weakness fatigue anorexia and Dyspnea syndromes
5

Adverse medication effect
Cancer
Dysphagia
Pain
Renal failure

36

Orthostatic hypotension

20 mmHG drop in systolic and 10 mmHG drop in diastolic

37

Signs of pneumonia in older adults
5

Confusion
Loss of appetite
Hypotension
Increase in RR
Sputum production

39

A change in mental status can occur from what meds
4

Diuretics
Laxatives
Tricyclic antidepressants
Lithium

41

What increases the risk of GI bleeding

Anticoagulants and NSAIDS

42

Abnormal changes in mental status
3

Confusion
Hypotension
Tachycardia

45

GS: urinary incontinence
Urinary obstruction
1

Prostatic hypertrophy

48

GS: falls
Sensory
1

Loss of vision

56

GS syndromes: falls
Cardiac
3

Syncope
Orthostasis
Dysthymias