Motivation Flashcards Preview

General Psychology > Motivation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Motivation Deck (29):
1

What is the modern definition for motivation?

Psychological needs or desires that energize or direct behavior

2

Genes predispose species-typical behavior

Evolutionary perspective on motivated behavior

3

Does naming a behavior explain it?

No

4

What is human behavior affected by?

Psychological wants

5

A physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates organisms to seek need satisfaction

Drive-Reduction Theory on motivated behavior

6

What is the physiological aim of drive-reduction theory?

Homeostasis

7

A tendency to maintain a balanced/constant internal state

Homeostasis

8

To______ _________, certain substances and characteristics of the body must be kept within a _______ ________

sustain life. restricted range

9

Motivated behavior extends beyond the physiological aim of drive reduction

Incentive theory on motivated behavior

10

What is an excellent piece of evidence for incentive theory

curiosity

11

People are motivated by internal goals

Intrinsic motivation of incentive theories

12

People are motivated by external goals

Extrinsic motivation of incentive theories

13

Emphasizes the prioritizing of diverse needs; basic needs before higher-level needs

Maslow's "Hierarchy of needs" model on motivated behavior

14

Where are the fundamental basic needs on the Maslow hierarchy

the bottom

15

There's a need for frequent, affectively pleasant interactions with a few other people

Frequent interaction

16

These interactions must take place in the context of a temporally stable and enduring framework of affective concern for each other's welfare

Persistent caring

17

What is high belongingness strongly associated with?

Positive affect and improved health

18

What is a sense of failed belongingness a major contributor to?

Loneliness, stress, and anxiety; depression and suicide

19

Our attempts to predict our future affect (emotional state)

affective forecasting

20

Belief that both good and bad moods will last longer than they do

durability bias

21

What are the three problems with affective forecasting?

1. We leave out details
2. We fill in gaps in our picture of the future with details that we borrow from the present
3. We fail to recognize that things will look different once they happen

22

discipline that has sought to emphasize human strengths

positive psychology

23

strategy of anticipating failure and compensating for this expectation by mentally over-preparing for negative outcomes

defensive pessimism

24

Theory proposing that happiness predisposes us to think more openly

broaden and build theory

25

tendency for people to remember more positive than negative information with age

positivity affect

26

tendency for our moods to adapt to external circumstances

hedonic treadmill

27

evaluation of our worth

self-esteem

28

inverted U-shaped relation between arousal on the one hand and performance on the other

Yerkes-Dodson law

29

Model, developed by Abraham Maslow, proposing that we must satisfy physiological needs and needs for safety and security before progressing to more complex needs

hierarchy of needs