Psychological and Biological treatments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychological and Biological treatments Deck (30):
1

Define psychoanalysis

Freud's Theory

unresolved conflicts during the first few years of life disrupt personality

bringing repressed feelings into conscious awareness brings healing

2

Free Association: saying aloud whatever comes to mind: pauses reveal points of resistance

Dream Analysis: Finding unconscious conflicts by interpreting the censored meaning of dreams

Evaluation of preferred kinds of sublimation

The method of psychoanalysis

3

Interpretations are highly subjective

psychoanalysis is often tremendously time-consuming
some of its basic assumptions are not supported by research

The criticisms of psychoanalysis

4

A psychological intervention designed to help people resolve emotional behavioral, and interpersonal problems and improve the quality of their lives

psychotherapy

5

person with no professional training who provided mental health services

paraprofessional

6

psychotherapies, including psychodynamic, humanistic, and group approaches, with the goal of expanding awareness or insight

insight therapies

7

technique in which clients express themselves without censorship of any sort

free association

8

attempts to avoid confrontation and anxiety associated with uncovering previously repressed thoughts, emotions, and impulses

resistance

9

projecting intense, unrealistic feelings and expectations from the past onto the therapist

transference

10

Treatment that strengthens social skills and targets interpersonal problems, conflicts, and life transitions

Interpersonal therapy

11

Therapies that emphasize the development of human potential and the belief that human nature is basically positive

humanistic therapies

12

therapy centering on the client's goals and the ways of solving problems

person-centered therapy

13

Therapy that aims to integrate different and sometimes opposing aspects of personality into a unified sense of self

Gestalt therapy

14

therapy that treats more than one person at a time

group therapy

15

Twelve-step, self-help program that provides social support for achieving sobriety

Alcoholics anonymous

16

family therapy approach designed to remove barriers to effective communication

strategic family intervention

17

Treatment in which therapists deeply involve themselves in family activities to change how family members arrange and organize interactions

structural family therapy

18

Therapist who focuses on specific problem behaviors, and current variables that maintain problematic thoughts, feelings, and behaviors

behavior therapist

19

clients are taught to relax as they are gradually exposed to what they fear in a stepwise manner

systematic desensitization

20

therapy that confronts clients with what they fear with the goal of reducing the fear

exposure therapy

21

research procedure for examining the effectiveness of isolated components of a larger treatment

dismantling

22

technique in which therapists prevent clients from performing their typical avoidance behaviors

response prevention

23

technique in which the therapist first models a problematic situation and then guides the client through steps to cope with it unassisted

participant modeling

24

method in which desirable behaviors are rewarded with tokens that clients can exchange for tangible rewards

token economy

25

treatment that uses punishment to decrease the frequency of undesirable behaviors

aversion therapy

26

treatments that attempt to replace maladaptive or irrational cognitions with more adaptive, rational cognitions

cognitive-behavioral therapies

27

statistical method that helps researchers to interpret large bodies of psychological literature

meta-analysis

28

intervention for specific disorders supported by high-quality scientific evidence

Empirically supported treatment

29

use of medications to treat psychological problems

psychopharmacotherapy

30

Patients receive brief electrical pulses to the brain that produce a seizure to treat serious psychological problems

Electroconvulsive therapy