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Flashcards in Psychological Disorders Deck (40):
1

Different from the norm;unusual; statistically atypical

abnormal

2

When is abnormal behavior a psychological disorder

when the behavior causes significant stress

3

What is normal distress

when the distress is an expected response to an event

4

Impairs one's ability to get along in life

dysfunction

5

How to classify psychological disorders

1. syndromes
2. Diagnostic and statistic manual
3 Group disorders by category
4. Checklist of observable symptoms for diagnoses

6

What do mental health professionals use diagnostic labels for?

1. Efficiently communicate about their cases
2. Bring to mind the "likely" underlying causes
3. Discern effective treatment programs

7

What is the defining feature of anxiety disorders?

exaggeration of threat

8

What do anxiety disorders result in?

distressing, persistent anxiety

9

What can anxiety disorders lead to?

Maladaptive, anxiety-reducing behaviors

10

What is the defining feature of a generalized anxiety disorder?

Continually tense and uneasy-even in the absence of any specific anxiety-provoking stimulus

11

What is the defining feature of panic disorder?

intense fear, frightening physiological symptoms

12

Intense fear of a particular animal, object, or situation

phobias

13

What are the defining features of OCD?

Obsessions and compulsions

14

Recurrent and persistent distress-causing thoughts

obsessions

15

Repetitive behaviors driven by the obsessions

compulsions

16

What are the five common types of obsessions?

1. Contamination
2. Repeated doubts
3. Need for symmetry, orderliness
4. Aggressive impulses
5. Sexual imagery

17

What are the five common types of compulsions?

1.Cleaning,washing
2. checking
3.Arranging; lining up objects
4. Counting, repeating words, constant praying
5. Hoarding

18

What are the Defining features of PTSD?

exposed to a traumatic event and reacted with intense fear, helplessness, or horror
re-experiences trauma

19

How do people re-experience trauma?

1. distressing recollections/dreams
2. feeling of reliving trauma
3. intense distress/ physiological arousal when exposed to reminders

20

Anxiety arises from unpredictable and/or uncontrollable negative events
Stimulus generalization
reinforcement

Fear conditioning

21

Fears may be transmitted by others, either vicariously or via information or misinformation

observational learning

22

Exaggerations or distortions of normal mood states

mood disorders

23

Tendency to feel helpless in the face of events we cannot control

Learned helplessness

24

How is a bipolar disorder characterized?

manic episode; depression and mania

25

What are the symptoms or a manic episode?

A period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable moods

26

View of mental illness in which odd behavior; hearing voices, or talking to oneself was attributed to evil spirits infesting the body

demonic model

27

View of mental illness as due to a physical disorder requiring medical treatment

medical model

28

institution for people with mental illnesses created in the 15th century

asylum

29

percentage of people within population who have a specific mental disorder

prevalence

30

dimension of functioning

axis

31

co-occurence of two or more diagnoses within the same person

comorbidity

32

model in which a mental disorder differs from normal functioning in kind rather than degree

categorical model

33

model in which a mental disorder differs from normal functioning in degree rather than kind

dimensional model

34

legal defense proposing that people should not be held legally responsible for their actions if they weren't of "sound mind" when committing them

insanity defense

35

Procedure of placing some people with mental illnesses in a psychiatric hospital or other facility based on their potential danger to themselves or others, or their inability to care for themselves

involuntary commitment

36

condition marked by physical symptoms that suggest an underlying medical illness, but they are actually psychological in origin

somatoform disorder

37

An individual's continual preoccupation with the notion that he has a serious physical disease

hypochondriasis

38

continual feelings of worry, anxiety, physical tension, and irritability across many areas of life functioning

generalized anxiety disorder

39

fear of being in a place or situation from which escape is difficult or embarrassing, or in which help in the event of a panic attack

agoraphobia

40

state un which a person experiences a
lingering depressed mood or diminished interest in pleasurable activities, along with symptoms that include weight loss and sleep difficulties

major depressive episode