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Flashcards in motivation and emotion Deck (21):
1

motivation

internal state that energized and directs behavior towarrd a goal

2

can't study motives directly

must study behavior and infer what the motivation was that directed behavior

3

instinct theory

first real theory of motivation
FLAWED
labels behavior, does not explain
5000+ supposed human instincts
WILLIAM JAMES theory

4

drive-reduction theory

we all have needs that leads to drive
ex: hunger
physiological needs

5

incentives

focuses on environment in motivating behavior to obtain positive incentives

6

arousal theory

we are motivated to seek an optimal level of arousal
deal with stress, doing best work before the due date

7

hunger comes from...

stomach and brain

8

lateral hypothalamus

if it is stimulated, it will begin eating, even if full

9

ventral-medial hypothalamus

if it is stimulated, it will stop eating altogether, even if it is starving

10

orexin

secreted by hypothalamus, make you feel hungry

11

ghrelin

secreted by empty stomach
ghrelin, growlin

12

insulin

secreted by pancreas, regulates glucose levels

13

glucose

is the major source of energy for the body. when its low, you feel hungry

14

leptin

secreted by fat cells, make you feel not hungry

15

obestatin

secreted by full stomach

16

PYY

digestive tract hormone

17

set point theory

hypothalamus acts like a thermostat
maintain stable weight

18

basal metabolic rate

body's resting rate of energy expenditure

19

internal reward

such as enjoyment, satisfaction of pleasure

20

over justification effect

activity that you're both intrinsically and extrinsically motivated for, the motives fight

21

flow

completely involved, focused state of consciousness, diminished awareness of self and time