Motivation And Emotion Flashcards Preview

Psychology Test 3 > Motivation And Emotion > Flashcards

Flashcards in Motivation And Emotion Deck (50)
Loading flashcards...
1

Motivation (dynamics of behavior)

Initiates, sustains, directs, and terminates behavior

2

A model of motivation

Need (internal deficiency)
Drive (hunger, thirst, success)
Responses (action, identifiable behavior)
Goal (target)

3

Types of motives

Biological
Stimulus
Learned

4

Biological motives

Based on biological needs that must be met for survival
Air, food, sex

5

Stimulus motives

Express our needs for stimulation and information
Curiosity, playing an instrument

6

Learned motives

Based on learned needs, drives, and goals
Money, power

7

Biological motives (biomot) are essential because they maintain

Homeostasis

8

Circadian rhythms

Biological clocks
Jet lag and shift work
Preadaptation

9

Maslow Hierarchy of Needs: Bottom to Top with percentages

Physiological needs 85%
Safety and security 70%
Love and belonging 50%
Esteem and self esteem 40%
Self actualization 10%

10

Basic needs

Esteem and self esteem
Love and belonging
Safety and security
Physiological needs

11

Growth needs

Self actualization as expressed through meta-needs:
Wholeness, perfection, completion, justice, richness, simplicity, aliveness, beauty, goodness, uniqueness, playfulness, truth, autonomy, meaningfulness

12

Motivation coming from within, not external rewards

Intrinsic motivation

13

Based on obvious external rewards, obligations, or similar factors

Extrinsic motivation

14

Basic universal emotions (8)

Anticipation, joy, trust (acceptance), fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger

15

Anticipation (less and more intense)

Interest
Vigilance

16

Joy (less and more intense)

Serenity
Ecstasy

17

Trust (less and more intense)

Acceptance
Admiration

18

Fear (less and more intense)

Apprehension
Terror

19

Surprise (less and more intense)

Distraction
Amazement

20

Sadness (less and more intense)

Pensiveness
Grief

21

Disgust (less and more intense)

Boredom
Loathing

22

Anger (less and more intense)

Annoyance
Rage

23

Activates part of brain involved in learning
Released by stomach lining

Ghrelin

24

Feeding system

Lateral hypothalamus

25

Ventromedial hypothalamus

Satiety system

26

External eating cues

If internal cues ONLY pushed us to eat, fewer people would overeat
Visible food

27

Active dislike for a particular food

Taste aversion

28

Active self-starvation or sustained loss of appetite that seeks to have psychological origins

Anorexia nervosa (1% of adults)

29

Excessive eating (bingeing) usually followed by self-induced vomiting and/or taking laxatives

Bulimia nervosa (3% of adults)

30

Activation of the body and nervous system

Arousal