Language, Thought, & Intelligence Flashcards Preview

Psychology Test 3 > Language, Thought, & Intelligence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Language, Thought, & Intelligence Deck (48)
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1

Processing a mental representation of a problem or a situation

Cognition

2

Experimental processing

Passive
What emotion is this person expressing

3

Reflective processing

Active
Add these numbers

4

Three basic units of thought

Images - picture like mental representations
Concepts - ideas/categories/objects
Language - words/symbols and rules

5

Mental imagery

Using mental images to
-make decisions
-change feelings
-improve skills or prepare for action
-air memory

6

Reverse vision

"Minds eye"

7

Kinesthetic imagery

Using gesture

8

Forming concepts

Positive instance
Negative instance
Conceptual rule

9

Types of concepts

Conjunctive concepts (2+ features)
Relational concept (larger, north, left)
Disjunctive concept (either/or)

10

Conjunctive concept examples

People, humans, notebook, pencil, flag

11

Relational concept examples

Directions, taller

12

Disjunctive concept

Apple is red or green, light is on or off

13

Concepts have two types of meaning

Denotative - definition
Connotative - personal meaning

14

Using inaccurate concepts may lead to thinking errors

Faulty concepts

15

Inaccurate and oversimplified concepts of groups of people

Social stereotype

16

All-or-nothing thinking

One-dimensional thought

17

Semantics

The study of meaning in words and language

18

Phonemes

Basic units of sound

19

Morphemes

Basic units in a language (words or syllables)

20

Grammar

Syntax (word order)

21

Inductive thought

Facts -> principles
Start with something, generalize it

22

Deductive thought

Principles -> facts

23

Logical thought

Conclusions based on rules
Specific hypothesis

24

Illogical thought

Intuition, personal reasons

25

Divergent thinking

Multiple solutions to a problem, think creatively

26

Unusual uses test

Fluency

27

What makes a person creative? (5)

Low correlation between IQ and creativity
Great range of knowledge and interests
Openness to a wide variety of experiences
Enjoy thought, ideas, concepts, and possibilities
Preference for complex things

28

Representativeness heuristic

Give info more weight if we know more about it

29

Underlying odds

Base rates (we ignore this)

30

Framing

The way the problem is stated