Flashcards in Motivation theories Deck (6)
What is Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs?
1. Basic physiological
3. Social, belonging
What is Frederick Herzberg's motivation Theory?
Herzberg's Theory underpins the idea that rewards should be both financial and non-financial.
- Hygiene (maintenance) factors: pay, working conditions etc. If not met, the worker will be dissatisfied
J Company's policies and administration
J Working conditions
J Interpersonal relations
J Job security
- Motivation factors: can create satisfaction.
• Intrinsic motivators are derived from the work itself
• Focus on factors that enrich the job and satisfy the employee
J The work itself
What is Edwin Locke's motivation theory?
- That satisfaction comes from achieving defined goals.
- The more challenging the goals, the greater effort will be put in and satisfaction enjoyed by the worker
- Difficult goals, when accepted by workers, result in higher performance than easy goals
- In modern workplaces this means:
• Workers must participate in setting goals and they must be realistic
• Guidance and advice from management necessary
• Management feedback on performance (progress toward achievement of goals) needed
- Notion that people will strive to do what they say they will do
David McClelland's theory is...?
- McClelland says we all have three motivating drivers, and one of these will be our dominant driver. This dominant motivator is largely dependent on our culture and life experiences.
• Achievement: self-actualisation and growth
• Affiliation: social needs or relatedness
• Power: esteem; need for attention and recognition
• A strong need to set and accomplish challenging goals
• Takes calculated risks to accomplish their goals
• Likes to receive regular feedback on their progress and achievements
• Often likes to work alone
• Wants to belong to the group
• Wants to be liked, and will often go along with whatever the rest of the group wants to do
• Favours collaboration over competition
• Doesn’t like high risk or uncertainty
• Wants to control and influence others
• Likes to win arguments
• Enjoys competition and winning
• Enjoys status and recognition
What are the two current motivating trends and what do they consist of?
1. Diversity management: goes beyond basic requirement for equal employment opportunity to see diversity as an advantage to harness
2. Family-friendly workplace: recognises that employees do not leave their personal lives at home - life expectations affect staff expectations and motivation