Movement Analysis - Reach and Grasp Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Movement Analysis - Reach and Grasp Deck (18)
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1

What are the general observations in Reach and Grasp? (6)

  1. Starting Position
  2. Independantly achieve the movement?
  3. Speed and effort of movement
  4. Scapulothoracic Rythym and Scapular Control
  5. Posture Throughout
  6. Any trunk use?

2

What are the 6 movements of the Scapula, Shoulder, Elbow and Wrist in the Reach phase?

1. Protraction of Scapula

2. GH flexion

3. Elbow flexion

4. Wrist Extension

5. Supination

6. Ulnar deviation

3

What are the 4 movements of the Wrist and hand in the reach phase?

1. Thumb extension and abduction

2. MCP extension

3. PIP/DIP flexion --> isometric hold

4. MCP abduction

4

What are the 4 components of the grasp phase?

1. Wrist held in extension

2. Thumb adduction and opposition

3. IP thumb flexion

4. PIP/DIP flexion

5

What occurs after the grasp phase?

Isometric contraction of all muscles to maintain position

6

What muscle causes protraction of the scapula?

concentric pec. minor and serratus anterior

7

What muscle causes GH Flexion?

concentric:

  1. biceps brachii,
  2. clavicular fibres of pec. Major,
  3. coracobrachialis
  4. anterior deltoid

8

What muscle causes Elbow Flexion?

eccentric:

  • biceps brachii,
  • brachialis 
  • brachioradialis
  • supinator

9

What muscle causes wrist extension?

eccentric:

  • Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
  • Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis
  • Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
  • Extensor Digitorum

 

 

10

What muscle causes Supination?

concentric

  • supinator
  • biceps brachii

11

What muscle causes Ulnar Deviation?

eccentric:

  • Flexor Carpi Radialis
  • Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
  • Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis

 

12

What muscle causes thumb extension and abduction?

Concentric

  • Ext Pollucis Longus
  • Ext Pollucis Brevis
  • Abd Pollucis Longus
  • Abd Pollucis Brevis

13

What muscle causes MCP extension?

concentric

  • Extensor Digitorum
  • Extensor indicis
  • Extensor Digiti Minimi

14

What muscle causes PIP/DIP flexion?

isometric

  • Flexor digitorum superficialis  
  • Flexor digitorum profundus

15

What muscle causes MCP abduction?

concentric dorsal interossei

16

What muscle holds the wrist in extension?

isometric

  • Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus 
  • Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis
  • Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
  • Extensor Digitorum

 

17

What muscle causes thumb adduction and opposition?

concentric – then isometric to hold position

  • adductor pollucis
  • 1st palmar interossei 
  • opponens pollucis

18

What muscle causes IP thumb flexion?

concentric flexor pollucis longus – then isometric to hold position