A group’s learned behaviors, actions, beliefs, and objects
Belief systems, customs, and traditions; building blocks of culture
A group of culture traits all interrelated and dominated by one essential trait
The unifying expressive components of everyday life as enacted by localized, tradition-bound groups
The area in which a unique culture or specific trait develops
The broad areas where groups share similar but not identical cultural traits
Clearly defined by government or experts (states)
Based on interaction and are usually focused on a node or focus point
Based on how people think about certain places
How the boundaries of a region reflect the human imprint on the environment
Clusters of people of the same culture, but surrounded by people of a culture that is dominant in that region
Larger areas that include several regions
the process of intensified interaction among peoples, governments, and companies of different countries around the globe
The increasing sense of connectivity that seems to be bringing people closer together even though their distances are the same.
When cultural traits such as clothing, music, movies, and types of business spread quickly over a large area
The spreading of information, ideas, behaviors, and other aspects of culture over wide areas
The spread of cultural traits by people migrate and carry their cultural traits with them
The spread of cultural traits through direct or indirect exchange without migration
A cultural trait that spreads continuously outward from its hearth through contact among people
The spread of culture outward from the most interconnected places or from centers of wealth and importance
When a trait diffuses from the lower class to the higher class
reverse hierarchical diffusion
When people in a culture adopt an underlying idea or process from another culture, but modify it because they reject one trait of it.
Assimilation to a different culture, typically the dominant one.
When an ethnic group can no longer be distinguished from the receiving group
The co-existence of diverse cultures, where culture includes racial, religious, or cultural groups
The policy of protecting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants
A scientist who studies languages
A large group of languages that might all have descended from a language spoken about 6,000 years ago.
Indo-European language family
Shows how several languages are related to one another
Languages that originate from Latin.
The boundaries between variations in pronunciation or word usage
Sayings that attempt to express a truth about life such as “the early bird gets the worm”
A common language used by people who do not share a native language
Two or more separate languages that mix and create a more formal structure and vocabulary so that they are no longer a pidgin language.
A simplified mixture of two languages that has fewer grammar rules and a smaller vocabulary
trade between Arab-speaking merchants and Banty-speaking residents resulted in the creation of this language
A language designated by law to be the language of the government
Countries made up largely of ethnically similar people
Membership in a group of people who share characteristics such as ancestry, language, customs, history, and common experience
peoples connection with a particular country
the source or origin where a religion or ethnicity began
an attempt to follow a literal interpretation of a religious faith
Countries whose governments are run by religious leaders
An Islamic religious law that governs not only religious rituals but also aspects of day-to-day life in Islam.
The process of re-embracing the uniqueness of a place
having one god
A rigid class structure
The idea that behaviors have consequences in the present life or in a future life
Belief traditions that emphasize strong ethnic characteristics among their followers
Actively seeks converts to its faith regardless of ethnic background
A religious journey that is taken by a person to a sacred place of his or her religion
A global migration of Hindus from India
having many gods
The belief that non-living objects have a spirit
The first group to establish cultural and religious customs in a space
Ethnic groups that move in and out of the neighborhoods and create a new cultural imprint on the landscape.