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Flashcards in Muscle Notes PWP Deck (62):
1

Whats  a Shin Splint

Inflammation of muscles surrounding the shin

caused by small tears in muscle

2

Risk Factors for Plantar Fasciitis

Tight calf muscles(hard to flex shin)

obesity

high arch

Lots of running, jogging

3

cure for thigh contusion treatment

RICE

Crutches

Exercise

Thigh leeve(donut pad)

Surgery

4

Chronic signs of Rotator Cuff

Weakness

Continuious pain, worsened @ night

Decrease in ability to abduct arm

5

What muscles are affected in wuad. sprain?

quad

6

Quad sprain occurs when...

Trying to accelarate

overused muscles

not warming up properly

7

Whats Elbow Bursitis

Bursa @ back of elbow(top part of ulna) is inflammated, swollen, aquiring fluid

8

Prevention of Achilles Tendonitis

Gradual exercises

Comfortable/good fitting shoes

Steteches

Cut down on strains to tendon like uphill running

9

Prevention for Plantar Fasciitis

Changing worn out shoes 

Wearing Comfortable shoes

10

What's Epicondylitis Elbow

Inflamation of tendons of elbow from overuse

aka lateral epicondylitis

11

Whats the most common shoulder injury

Rotator Cuff

12

Prevention for Thigh contusion

Wear protective gear 

Stretch

 

13

Treatment for Shin Splint

RICE 

NSAIDs

Stretching

Supportive shoes

Surgery

14

Causes of Achilles Tendolitis

Overuse

tight leg muscles

 heels

High level of exercise too fast

Prob. with feet

15

Whats Plantar Fasciitis

Inflammation of  plantar fascia (thick band tissues connecting heel to toes)

aka Policeman heel

 

16

Prevention of Elbow bursitis

Stregthen wrist, arm, shoulder,back to protect elbow

ROM, light stretching daily

Leaning on elbow for long periods

Overuse of arm

17

What's Achilles Tendonitis

Whe Achilles tendon becomes swollen and painful

18

Signs and Symtoms of Patellar Tendonitis

PAin 

swelling

tenderness

burning

(acute)

19

Muscle group affected by Elbow Bursitis

Extensor muscles 

lateral epicoondyle

20

signs and symptoms of E.Condylitis

Pain,burnin gon outter part of elbow

Weak grip

difficulty using arm

21

Signs and Sympt. of Rotator Cuff Strain

Ache deep in shouolder

Distubed sleep(especially if sleeping on shoulder)

Arm weakness

Difficulty w/ ADL

22

Thigh Contusion caused by...

Sharp impact w/ muscle crushed against femur, resulting in swelling  bruising of thigh muscle

23

What muscles are affeceted by Patellar Tendonitis

Quads

24

Cause of Rotator Cuff

Tramua

overuse

weakness

poor posture

 faulty movement

25

Affected areas of rotator cuff

4 muscles

(supraspinatus muscle, infraspinatus, teres minor , and the subscapularis muscle)

26

Cause of Tendonitis

Constant pounding causing small cracks in leg bones(stress fractures

Found in athletes and military recruits

27

Acute signs of Rotator Cuff

Suden sensation

Shooting pain from upper shoulder area

muscle spasm

28

E.Condylitis caused by...

damage in ECRB muscles

 

29

Treatment of E. Condylitis

RICE

Nsaids(non-steroidal anti-inflammatory-drugs)

PT

Proper stretching

30

Prevention of E. Condylitis

Correct movements in activities

Overuse

Streatching

Wear braces

31

Prevention for Shin splint

Stretching

Proper shoes

Gradually increasing activity

Barefoot running

32

Signs and symp. of Shin Splint

Mild swelling 

Pain

33

signs and ssympt. of elbow bursitis

pain around back of elbow

Swelling directly over bony part of elbow

Limited ROM

34

Prevention of Patellar Tendonitis

Stregnthen muscles

Perform tasks correctly

 

35

Whats Quad. strain

Tear in one(or more) of quad. muscles

36

Muscle affected by Thigh Contusion

Quads.

Hams.

37

How can quad. sprain be prevented?

Stretching before activities

38

Thigh Contusion signs. and symp.

3 degress

1: minimal pain, no severse swelling, littl etender

2: Moderate pain, difficult tto flex knee

3: severe pain/tenderness

39

Cure for Plantar fasciitis

RICE

Rolling foot over cold water bottle(stretching)

meds

exercise

 

40

 Cure for PAtellar Tendonitis

Surgery

Exercise

PT

RICE

Meds.

41

Signs and Symptoms of Achilles Tendonitis

Pain(sometimes in the morn.)

Swelling

Thickening of the tendon

42

ECRB muscles stand for

Extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle

43

What muscles are infected by Achilles tendonitis

Plantaris, Gastrocnemius, Soleus

(basically the back of your leg)

44

Cure for Achilles Tendonitis

RICE

Pain killers

Stretching

Extreme cases a cast

45

Signs and Symp. of quad. strain

Swelling

Loss of strength

Bruising of a blood vessel is broken

acute trauma 7-14 days of injury

46

Prevention of Rotator Cuff

Good Posture

Balancing any added weight

(like wearin backpack w/ both straps)

47

Muscles affected by Tendonitits

Gastrocnemius

soleus

Anterior/Posterior Tibialis

48

Cause of Patellar Tendonitis

Repated stress

Overuse

Tiny tears in quad. tendon causeing inflamation & weakness

49

Whats Patellar Tendonitis

Injury to quad. tendon(tendo connects patella to Tib.)

50

Thigh Contusion

Deep bruise to anterior lateral or medial part of the thigh

51

Muscles affected by Plantar Fasciitis

Achilles

Plantar fascia

calcaneus

52

Cure for quad. strain

RICE

Pain killers

53

Structures affected from quad. strain

Quad.

Femur

Patella

Tibia

Blood vessel

lymph vessels

54

Muscle Affected by Ep. Condylitis

Forearm muscles

Wrist

Extensors

ECRB MUSCLES

55

Whats the 2 med. words for shin splint?

Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome

Tendinitis

56

Plantar Fasciitis occurs when...

too much pressure on Plantar fascia causing inflammation pain, stiffness

57

Whats Rotator Cuff Strain

Shoulder pain by inflammation/injury to rotator cuff tendons

58

What muscles, tendon ligaments are affected by Subluxation of Elbow

Flexore/Pronator group

Ulnar, Median Neve

Brachial artery

Coronoid process of ulna

Trochela of Humerus

59

Cure for Elbow Bursitis

Surgery & antibiotics if bursa infected/non infected

60

Treatment for Rotator Cuff

PT

Anti-inflammatory meds

Steroid injection

Surgery(open, mid-open arthroscopic surgery)

61

What causes Elbow Bursitis

irritation/ inflammation of Tendon around elbow 

Osteoarthritis

dislocation of elbow

62

Signs and Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis

pain 

after first steps of rest like gettin gout of bed, car etc.

from no exercise

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