Musculoskeletal Trauma Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Trauma Deck (18):
1

Stages of fracture healing

  • Hematoma
  • Soft callus
  • Hard Callus
  • Remodeling

2

What fractures do need surgery?

  • Open fractures
  • Most displaced femoral fractures
  • Most displaced forearm fractures
  • All irreducible disloactions and fracture-dislocations

3

Treatment for AC joint dislocation

Sling

Surgery

4

Treatment for clavicular fracture

Minimal displacement: Sling

Displacement: Open reduction internal fixation (ORIF)

5

How is fracture to the distal radius and forearm treated?

Closed treatment

*the fracture is not surgically opened(exposed to the external environment and directly visualized). It includes repair with manipulation, repair without manipulation, or repair with or without traction 

6

Treatment for hip dislocation

Immediate closed reduction

*Risk for AVN

7

Treatment and complications for femoral neck fracture

Treatment: Surgical

Complications: Loss of fixation and AVN

8

Treatment and complications for interchanteric fracture

Treatment: Surgical

Complication: Loss of fixation and leg length inequality

9

Treatment for femoral shaft fracture

Surgical

10

Treatment and complications for knee dislocation

Treatment

  • Early- immediate reduction
  • Definitive- ligament reconstruction

Complications: neurovascular injury

 

11

Treatment for tibia fracture

Minimally displaced- closed treatment

Displaced- Surgery

12

Treatment for ankle torsion

Non-displaced-immobilization

Displaced- surgery

13

First injured in lateral sprain with plantarflexed ankle

Anterior talofibular ligament

14

First injured in lateral sprain with dorsiflexed akle

Calcaneofibular ligament

*Strogest lateral ligament

15

Treatment and complications for pelvic fracture

Treatment: External fixation and ORIF

Complications: Hemorrhage

16

Treatment for cervical spine injury

Collar

halo

Surgery

17

Major complication in growth plate fracture

Growth disturbances

18

Femur fracture treatment

Spica cast- young children

Flexible nails- older children