My Words Flashcards Preview

Toefl > My Words > Flashcards

Flashcards in My Words Deck (41)
Loading flashcards...


not serious, important, or valuable
trivial problem/matter/complaint etc
 We were punished for the most trivial offences.
 a trivial sum
 Her feelings for Simon seemed trivial by comparison.
VERBS appear, be, look, seem | consider sth, deem sth, regard sth as
ADV. extremely, very | absolutely, completely | almost | a bit, comparatively, fairly, pretty, quite, rather, relatively | essentially making a few essentially trivial changes
apparently, seemingly Apparently trivial clues may turn out to be quite important.



more than enough Synonym : sufficient Antonym : insufficient
ample time/evidence/opportunity
 You’ll have ample time for questions later.
 There is ample evidence that climate patterns are changing.
ample room/space etc
 She found ample room for her things in the wardrobe.



promote, advance, lift
1. formal to move someone or something to a more important level or rank, or make them better than before Synonym : raise:
Language has elevated humans above the other animals.
elevate somebody/something to something
Their purpose is to elevate AIDS to the top of government priorities.

1. FORMAL to raise something or lift something up:
The platform was elevated by means of hydraulic legs.

2. to make someone or something more important or to improve something:
They want to elevate the status of teachers.
These factors helped to elevate the town into the list of the ten most attractive in the country.

3. FORMAL be elevated to sth to be given a higher rank or social position:
He has been elevated to deputy manager.
She was elevated to the peerage (= was given the title 'Lady').

elevated /ˈel.ɪ.veɪ.tɪd/ US /-ţɪd/
1. raised:
The doctor said I was to keep my leg elevated.
There is an elevated area at the back of the building.

2. high or important:
She holds a more elevated position in the company.

3. [before noun] greater than is normal or reasonable:
He has a rather elevated idea of his own importance.

4. [before noun] FORMAL literary or formal:
an elevated style/tone
the elevated language of the Psalms



common, customary, wide spread شایع و رایج
common at a particular time, in a particular place, or among a particular group of people especially about illnesses, problems, or ideas
prevalent in/among etc
Solvent abuse is especially prevalent among younger teenagers.
the prevalent belief in astrology
—prevalence noun [singular, uncountable]:
the prevalence of deafness in older age groups



restrain جلوگیری کردن ، مانع شدن
1. to prevent something from growing or developing well:
An unhappy family life may inhibit children’s learning.

2. to make someone feel embarrassed or nervous so that they cannot do or say what they want to
inhibit somebody from doing something
Recording the meeting may inhibit people from expressing their real views.

inhibited about, by, from
too embarrassed or nervous to do or say what you want Synonym : shy



واضحا ، صریحا
متضاد: implicitly

1. suggested or understood without being stated directly Antonym : explicit
implicit criticism/threat/assumption
 Her words contained an implicit threat.
 His statement is being seen as implicit criticism of the work of research laboratories.



1. one of several parts of someone’s character, a situation etc Synonym : aspect
facet of
He has travelled extensively in China, recording every facet of life.

2. multi-faceted/many-faceted consisting of many different parts:
The issues are complex and multi-faceted.

3. one of the flat sides of a cut jewel



deal with, attempt, come or get to grips with, embark upon
1. [transitive] to try to deal with a difficult problem:
There is more than one way to tackle the problem.
It took twelve fire engines to tackle the blaze.



fascinating, enchanting, convincing
1. compelling reason/argument/case etc an argument etc that makes you feel certain that something is true or that you must do something about it:
Lucy had no compelling reason to go into town.
The court was presented with compelling evidence that she’d murdered her husband.

2. very interesting or exciting, so that you have to pay attention:
His life makes a compelling story.

3. compelling need/desire/urge (to do something) a strong need, desire etc to do something, making you feel that you must do it:
He felt a compelling need to tell someone about his idea.



someone who is diligent works hard and is careful and thorough:
a diligent student
diligence noun


be inundated (with/by something)

1. be inundated (with/by something) to receive so much of something that you cannot easily deal with it all Synonym : swamp:
After the broadcast, we were inundated with requests for more information

immerse yourself in something to become completely involved in an activity:
He left school at 16 and immersed himself in the Labour Party.

if a price, rate etc plunges, it suddenly decreases by a large amount:
The unemployment rate plunged sharply.



1. someone who publicly supports someone or something Synonym : proponent
advocate of
She’s a passionate advocate of natural childbirth.
advocate for
an advocate for the disabled

to publicly support a particular way of doing something:
Extremists were openly advocating violence.
advocate for American English:
Those who advocate for doctor-assisted suicide say the terminally ill should not have to suffer

I. sb who supports sth
ADJ. ardent, enthusiastic, firm, great, outspoken, powerful, staunch, strong She's a staunch advocate of free trade.
chief, leading, main, principal
PREP. ~ for He is one of the leading advocates for a more modern style of worship.
~ of an advocate of pacifism



Spread, broadcast
1. [transitive] formal to spread an idea, belief etc to many people:
 The group launched a website to propagate its ideas.

2. [intransitive and transitive] if you propagate plants, or if they propagate, they start to grow from a parent plant to produce new plants:
 Propagate your plants in fresh soil.


Contend that

argue, affirm, allege, assert
2. [transitive] to argue or state that something is true Synonym : insist
contend (that)
 Some astronomers contend that the universe may be younger than previously thought.



expand (upon), add detail, amplify, develop, embellish
[intransitive and transitive] to give more details or new information about something Synonym : enlarge:
 He said he had new evidence, but refused to elaborate any further.
elaborate on
 McDonald refused to elaborate on his reasons for resigning.

ADV. further This point will be elaborated further in the next chapter.
at length
VERB + ELABORATE attempt to, try to | refuse to
PREP. on/upon They refused to elaborate on the reasons for their decision.



new, innovative, diffirent
not like anything known before, and unusual or interesting
novel idea/approach/method etc
What a novel idea!



very, totally, absolutely
completely – used especially to emphasize that something is very bad, or that a feeling is very strong:
You look utterly miserable.



deal with sth difficult
1. [transitive] to try to deal with a difficult problem:
There is more than one way to tackle the problem.
It took twelve fire engines to tackle the blaze.






a plan, idea, or method that is feasible is possible and is likely to work Synonym : possible:
 a feasible solution
economically/technically/politically etc feasible
 It was no longer financially feasible to keep the community centre open.
ADV. entirely, perfectly, quite It's perfectly feasible to produce electricity without creating pollution.
barely, hardly, not really, scarcely | administratively, economically, financially, politically, technically


Pale into insignificance
Pail in/by comparison to/with

2. pale into insignificance to seem much less important when compared to something bigger, worse, more serious etc:
 The amounts of money involved pale into insignificance when compared with the sums spent each year on research.

3. pale in/by comparison to seem small or unimportant compared to something else
pale in/by comparison to/with
 Today’s economic problems pale in comparison with those of the 1930s.



Damaging, harmful
detrimental to
 Smoking is detrimental to your health.
 the detrimental effect of pollution on the environment



همه جا حاضر ، موجود درهمه جا

seeming to be everywhere – sometimes used humorously:
Coffee shops are ubiquitous these days.
a French film, starring the ubiquitous Gérard Depardieu
—ubiquitously adverb
—ubiquity noun [uncountable]

om‧ni‧pres‧ent /ˌɒmnɪˈprezənt◂ $ ˌɑːm-/ adjective formal
present everywhere at all times
—omnipresence noun [uncountable]:
the omnipresence of God



almost Synonym : practically:
Virtually all the children come to school by bus.
He was virtually unknown before running for office.



2. formal if you address a problem, you start trying to solve it
address a problem/question/issue etc
Our products address the needs of real users.
address yourself to something
Marlowe now addressed himself to the task of searching the room



thorough, exact, fastidious

very careful about small details, and always making sure that everything is done correctly:
He kept meticulous accounts.
Their planning and preparation were meticulous.
He cleaned the tools with meticulous care.
The book describes his journey in meticulous detail.
meticulous in
He was meticulous in his use of words.
meticulous about
He has always been so meticulous about his appearance.
—meticulously adverb:
The attack was meticulously planned and executed.



to communicate or express something, with or without using words:
All this information can be conveyed in a simple diagram.
Ads convey the message that thin is beautiful.
He was sent to convey a message to the UN Secretary General.
convey something to somebody
I want to convey to children that reading is one of life’s greatest treats.
convey a sense/an impression/an idea etc
You don’t want to convey the impression that there’s anything illegal going on.

2. formal to take or carry something from one place to another:
Your luggage will be conveyed to the hotel by taxi.



cautious, alert, careful
بسیار محتاط ، با ملاحظه ، هشیار
someone who is wary is careful because they think something might be dangerous or harmful
be wary of (doing) something
I’m a bit wary of driving in this fog.
wary of
We must teach children to be wary of strangers.
Keep a wary eye on the weather before you set sail.
She had a wary expression on her face.



adequate, capable, fit
صلاحیت دار ، فنی ، صالح ، با کفایت ، لایق ، ذی صلاحیت ، شایسته ، دارای سر رشته
1. having enough skill or knowledge to do something to a satisfactory standard Antonym : incompetent:
A competent mechanic should be able to fix the problem.
very/highly/extremely competent
She’s a highly competent linguist.
competent to do something
I don’t feel competent to give an opinion at the moment.
He is the only party leader competent enough to govern this country.

2. satisfactory but not especially good:
The workmen did a competent job.


embark on/ upon sth

embark on/upon something phrasal verb (see also embark)
to start something, especially something new, difficult, or exciting:
He embarked on a new career as a teacher.