Myology of the Back: All Sections Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Myology of the Back: All Sections Deck (56):
1

The trapezius is innervated by what nerve?

The spinal accessory nerve

2

What forms the spinal accessory nerve innervating the trapezius?

C1-C5 cord levels contribute to the spinal root of th spinal accessory nerve

3

Which of the muscles of the true back is innervated by the thoracodorsal nerve?

Latissimus dorsi

4

What forms the thoracodorsal nerve innervating the latissimus dorsi?

Ventral rami from C6-C8

5

Which of the muscles of the true back are innervated by the dorsal scapular nerve?

Levator scapulae, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor

6

What forms the dorsal scapular nerve?

The ventral ramus of C5

7

What muscles lie just beneath the trapezius in the neck?

Splenius capitis and splenius cervicis

8

What does the word "splenius" mean?

It is the Greek word for bandage

9

What is the innervation of the splenius capitis?

Dorsal rami of middle cervical spinal nerves (C3-C5 cord levels)

10

What is the innervation of the splenius cervicis?

Dorsal rami of lower cervical spinal nerves (C5-C7 cord levels)

11

Which muscles are identified as erector spinae or sacrospinalis msucles?

Iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis

12

What is the innervation of the iliocostalis lumborum?

Dorsal rami of lower thoracic and all lumbar spinal nerves

13

Which subdivision of the iliocostalis primarily originates and inserts on ribs?

Iliocostalis thoracics

14

What is the innervation of the iliocostalis thoracis?

Dorsal rami of upper 6 thoracic spinal nerves (T1-T6 cord levels)

15

What is the insertion of the iliocostalis cervicis?

Posterior tubercle of transverse process of C(3) C4-C6

16

What is the innervation of the iliocostalis cervicis?

Dorsal rami of T1, T2 spinal nerves, sometimes C8 spinal nerve (C8, T1, T2 cord levels)

17

Which erector spinae muscle is attached to the accessory process?

Longissimus thoracis

18

What is the innervation of the longissimus thoracis?

Dorsal rami of all thoracic and lumbar spinal nerves (cord levels T1-T12, L1-L5)

19

What is the innervation of the longissimus cervicis?

Dorsal rami of C4-C8 and T1-T2 spinal nerves (C4-C8 and T1-T2 cord levels)

20

What is the innervation of the longissimus capitis?

Dorsal rami of C1-C3 or C4 spinal nerves, (C1-C3 or C4 cord levels)

21

Which erector spinae muscles attach to cervical articular processes?

Longissimus cervicis and longissimus catpitis

22

What osseous parts of the vertebral column serve as an origin to the spinalis thoracis?

Spinous processes of T11 and T12-L1 and L2

23

What is the innervation of the spinalis thoracis?

Dorsal rami of all thoracic and upper lumbar spinal nerves

24

What is the innervation of the spinalis cervicis?

Dorsal rami of all cervical spinal nerves (C1-C8 cord levels)

25

What is the innervation of the spinalis capitis?

Dorsal rami of lower cervical and upper thoracic spinal nerves

26

Which muscles are identified as transversospinalis muscles?

Semispinalis, multifidis, and rotators

27

How many vertebrae can be attached to a single segment by transversospinalis muscles?

As many as nine vertebrae

28

Contraction of semispinalis thoracis will result in what movements?

Extension, lateral flexion, and rotation of upper thoracic and lower cervical spine, bilaterally they act to extend the thoracic spine

29

What is the innervation of the semispinalis thoracis?

Dorsal rami of T1-T6 spinal nerves (cord levels T1-T6)

30

What is the innervation of the semispinalis cervicis?

Dorsal rami of C6-C8 spinal nerves (cord levels C6-C8)

31

What is the innervation of the semispinalis capitis?

Dorsal rami of C1-C6 spinal nerves (cord levels C1-C6)

32

The semispinalis capitis and spinalis capitis may fuse to form what muscle?

Biventer cervicis

33

What osseous parts of the vertebral column serve as an origin to the classic multifidis?

Articular process of C4-C7, transverse processes of T1-T12, mammillary processes of L1-L5, and the dorsal surface of S1-S4 or S5

34

Which transversospinalis muscle attaches to articular and mammillary along the spine?

Multifidis

35

Contraction of the classic multifidis will result in what movements of the vertebral column?

Lateral flexion and rotation of the spine, maintains the lumbar lordotic curve adn prevents entrapment of zygapophyseal capsular ligament during movement

36

Which muscles of the spine exhibit a reversal of the expected origin - insertion combination?

Iliocostalis lumborum pars lumborum, longissimus thoracic pars lumborum, and multifidis lumborum

37

Rotator muscles are typically identified in what region of the spine?

The thoracic region

38

What muscles are included in the suboccipital muscle group?

Rectus capitis posterior major, rectus capitis posterior minor, obliquus capitis inferior, and obliquus capitis superior

39

Which suboccipital muscle lacks an attachment to the skull?

Obliquus capitis inferior

40

Which nerve will innervate all suboccipital muscles?

The dorsal ramus of C1, the suboccipital nerve

41

What is the proposed function of the suboccipital muscle group?

Postural stabilizers of the atlanto-occipital and atlanto-axial joints

42

Which suboccipital muscles are known to attach to dura mater?

Rectus capitis posterior major, rectus capitis posterior minor, and obliquus capitis inferior

43

At what locations will interspinalis be absent along the spine?

T3-T4 down to T10-T11

44

Based on the density of muscle spindles what is the proposed function of the interspinalis?

Acts as a proprioceptive transducer in conjunction with intertransversarii to coordinate the smooth movement of the spine and to maintain appropriate posture

45

Which muscle group is innervated by both dorsal rami and ventral rami of spinal nerves?

Intertransversarii

46

Based on the density of muscle spindles what is the proposed function of the intertransversarii?

Acts as a proprioceptive transducer in conjunction with interspinalis to coordinate the smooth movement of the spine and to maintain appropriate posture

47

What is the origin of the longus colli?

Vertebral bodies of C5-C6, T1-T3 and anterior tubercles of transverse processes C3-C5

48

What is the origin of the longus capitis?

Anterior tubercles of transverse processes C3-C6

49

What is the origin of the rectus capitis anterior?

Lateral mass and costal element of the transverse process of C1

50

What is the insertion of the middle scalene?

Between the tubercle and groove for the subclavian artery on the first rib

51

What is the insertion of the posterior scalene?

Outer surface of second rib

52

The quadratus lumborum is implicated in the formation of which ligament?

The iliolumbar ligament

53

What is the origin of the psoas major?

Vertebral bodies T12, L1-L5, S1, and transverse processes of L1-L5

54

What is the origin of the psoas minor?

Vertebral bodies T12, L1

55

What will innervate the levator costarum brevis?

The dorsal rami of T1-T12 spinal nerves

56

What will innervate the levator costarum longus?

The dorsal rami of the lower thoracic spinal nerves

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