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Flashcards in N/O kp Deck (52):
1

1

Acetaminophen, Codeine

drowsiness, constipation, nausea, vomiting, risk of acetaminophen toxicity, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery

2

Aspirin

Reye's syndrome, do not give during PG, NSAID related ADRs at full therapeutic doses (see ibuprofen)

3

Baclofen

do not stop abruptly, drowsiness, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery

4

Butalbital, Acetaminophen, Caffeine

drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, risk of acetaminophen toxicity

5

Buprenorphine, Naloxone

headache, constipation, nausea, sweating, breakthrough pain, abrupt stopping may cause withdrawal, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery

6

Carisoprodol

abuse potential, short term use only, drowsiness, dizziness, headache, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery

7

Celecoxib

increase BP, fluid/water retention (edema), worsen heart failure, GI bleeding, nausea, vomiting, avoid alcohol and regular dose aspirin

8

Clobetazol

burning, tingling, cracking, or itching skin. Do not use for more than 2 consecutive weeks (steroid responsive) or 4 weeks (plaque-type)

9

Cyclobenzaprine

short term use only, drowsiness, palpitations, nervousness, confusion, dizziness, constipation, dry mouth, avoid alcohol, caution with machinery

10

Diclofenac Sodium

increase BP, fluid/water retention (edema), worsen heart failure, GI bleeding, nausea, vomiting, avoid alcohol and regular dose aspirin

11

Fentanyl

drowsiness, constipation, dizziness, hypotension, hallucinations, respiratory depression, confusion, anxiety, requires special handling, avoid alcohol, caution with machinery

12

Hydrocodone, Acetaminophen

drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, nausea, vomiting, risk of acetaminophen toxicity, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery

13

Hydroxychloroquine

change skin pigmentation (blue/black), corneal changes (eye exam Q6months, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, myopathy.

14

Ibuprofen

increase BP, fluid/water retention (edema), worsen heart failure, GI bleeding, nausea, vomiting, avoid alcohol and regular dose aspirin

15

Lidocaine

mild and transient skin reactions, Rare: allergic and anaphylactoid reaction, wash hands after handling, avoid external heat sources, do not apply to broken skin

16

Meloxicam

increase BP, fluid/water retention (edema), worsen heart failure, GI bleeding, nausea, vomiting, avoid alcohol and regular dose aspirin

17

Metaxalone

nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, drowsiness, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery

18

Methadone

drowsiness, constipation, dizziness, pruritus, hallucinations, hypotension, respiratory depression, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery

19

Methocarbamol

flushing, PRURITUS, RASH, dizziness, headache, drowsiness, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery

20

Methylprednisolone

blurred vision, nausea, GI irritation, increased appetite, agitation, weight gain, acne, glucose intoleratance, thinning of skin, growth suppression in children, osteoporosis

21

Nabumetone

increase BP, fluid/water retention (edema), worsen heart failure, GI bleeding, nausea, vomiting, avoid alcohol and regular dose aspirin

22

Naproxen

increase BP, fluid/water retention (edema), worsen heart failure, GI bleeding, nausea, vomiting, avoid alcohol and regular dose aspirin

23

Oxycodone

abuse potential, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, constipation, dizziness, pruritus, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery

24

Oxycodone, Acetaminophen

abuse potential, sedation, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, constipation, pruritus, acetaminophen toxicity, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery

25

Phenazopyridine

urine and soft contact lens discoloration, headache, pruritus, rash, GI disturbances

26

Prednisone

blurred vision, nausea, GI irritation, increased appetite, agitation, weight gain, acne, glucose intoleratance, thinning of skin, growth suppression in children, osteoporosis

27

Pregabalin

dizziness, somnolence, peripheral edema, increased appetite, weight gain, constipation, dry mouth, dry eyes, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery, taper off

28

Tizanidine

hypotension, bradycardia, dry mouth, dizziness, vomiting, constipation, caution in the elderly, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery

29

Tramadol

drowsiness, dizziness/vertigo, nausea, constipation, caution in patients with seizures, serotonin syndrome with SSRIs, SNRIs, avoid alcohol, caution operating machinery

30

Acyclovir

medication is not a cure, avoid sexual intercourse when lesions are present

31

Amoxicillin

nausea, vomiting, DIARRHEA, rash (not penicillin allergy), hives, itching, caution in patients allergic to cephalosporins 10% crossreactivity

32

Amoxicillin, Clavulanate

DIARRHEA, vomiting, rash (not penicillin allergy), hives, itching, caution in patients allergic to cephalosporins 10% cross reactivity

33

Azithromycin

DIARRHEA, nausea, vomiting

34

Cefdinir

diarrhea, vaginal yeast infections, nausea, 3rd generation cephalosporin, not first line therapy; reserve for infections not responding to conventional antibiotic therapy

35

Cephalexin

nausea, vomiting, DIARRHEA, HIVES, ITCHING, RASH, 1st generation cephalosporin, not for use against methicillin-resistant Staph aureus (MRSA).

36

Chlorhexidine gluconate

may stain teeth & oral surfaces, expectorate after rinsing, do not swallow, do not eat/drink for 30 minutes following rinsing

37

Ciprofloxacin

nausea, RASH, headache, dizziness, diarrhea, photosensitivity, TENDONITIS, TENDON RUPTURE, Ca / Mg binding, Avoid in PG / lactation /children < 18, OK for cystic fibrosis and anthrax in children

38

Clarithromycin

altered taste, headache, DIARRHEA, nausea, vomiting, P450 enzyme inhibitor.

39

Clotrimazole, Betamethazone

paresthesia, erythemia, stinging, blistering, peeling, pruritus,urticaria, burning. Not for ophthalmic use.

40

Doxycycline

dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, photosensitivity (use sunscreen), tooth discoloration in children, Ca / Mg binding interaction, warfarin (increase bleeding)

41

Fluconazole

QT prolongation, skin rash, nausea, headache, abdominal pain, warfarin (increase bleeding), P450 enzyme inhibition interactions

42

Ketoconazole

TOPICAL use only, severe skin irritation, pruritus, stinging

43

Levofloxacin

nausea, diarrhea, headache, photosensitivity, TENDONITIS, TENDON RUPTURE. Cal / Mag binding interaction, Avoid in PG / lactation /children < 18, OK for cystic fibrosis and anthrax in children

44

Metronidazole

metallic taste, nausea, anorexia, peripheral NEUROPATHY, SEIZURES, Disulfiram reaction with alcohol (Avoid all acohol topical or oral), warfarin (increases bleeding)

45

Minocycline

dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, tooth discoloration in children, Cal / Mag binding interaction, warfarin (increase bleeding), In persistent/severe diarrhea treat for C. difficile.

46

Moxifloxacn

dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, photosensitivity, conjunctivitis, decreased vision, dry eye, ocular itching, Avoid in PG / lactation /children < 18, OK for cystic fibrosis and anthrax in children

47

Mupirocin

EXTERNAL use only, burning, stinging, pain, erythema, headache, rhinitis, nasal congestion, avoid contact with eyes,

48

Nitrofurantoin

nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache. NOT for pyelonephritis or complicated / hospital acquired infections)

49

Penicillin V potassium

HIVES, RASH, itching, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. Take on an empty stomach (no exceptions). Cross sensitivity to cephalosporins ~10%.

50

Sulfamethoxazole, Trimethoprim,

photosensitivity (wear sunscreen), DIARRHEA, RASH, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, urticaria, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome . Do not use in PG / infants < 2 months

51

Valacyclovir

medication does not eliminate the latent virus and is not a cure, avoid sexual intercourse when lesions are present