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Flashcards in saad cardio3 drug/kp Deck (47):
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Amlodipine

edema, flushing, headache, fatigue, abdominal pain

3

Amlodipine, Benazepril

cough, edema, ANGIOEDEMA, flushing, headache, fatigue, abdominal pain, hyperkalemia, avoid salt substitutes containing potassium

4

Atenolol

bradycardia, hypotension, sexual dysfunction, dizziness, fatigue, heart block, worsen heart failure, rebound hypertension - do not stop abruptly

5

Atorvastatin

GI upset, photosensitivity (wear sunscreen), dose related: myalgias, hepatotoxicity, myopathy, rhabdomyolysis

6

Benazepril

cough, edema, ANGIOEDEMA, dizziness, hyperkalemia (monitor potassium levels), avoid salt substitutes containing potassium

7

Bisoprolol, Hydrochlorothiazide

fatigue, headache, dizziness, diarrhea, mask hypoglycemia, photosensitivity (wear sunscreen), heart block, worsen heart failure, rebound hypertension - do not stop abruptly

8

Carvedilol

dizzines, diarrhea, hyperglycemia (mask hypoglcemia), bradycardia, hypotension, sexual dysfunction, visual changes

9

Clonidine

orthostatic hypotension (PO), dizziness, drowsiness, constipation, dry mouth, dry eyes, impotence. Do not stop abruptly. Caution with machinery.

10

Clopidogrel

bleeding, URI, chest pain, headache, flu-like symptoms, Rare: thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)

11

Digoxin

anorexia, nausea, vomiting, headache, visual changes, monitor potassium levels (hypokalemia increases risk of digoxin toxicity)

12

Diltiazem

peripheral edema, bradycardia, dizziness, flushing, headache, fatigue

13

Doxazosin

postural hypotension, dizziness, lightheadedness, syncope, edema, headache, fatigue

14

Enalapril

cough, headache, dizziness, fatigue, orthostatic hypotension, hyperkalemia (monitor potassium levels), angioedema, avoid salt substitues containing potassium

15

Ezetimibe

myalgia, arthralgia, Rare risk of increased LFTs, drug-induced myopathy, and rhabdomyolysis

16

Ezetimibe, Simvastatin

headache, URI, myalgia, arthralgia. Rare risk of increased LFTs, drug-induced myopathy, and rhabdomyolysis

17

Fenofibrate

GI upset, abdominal pain, back pain, headache, promptly report RASH, MUSCLE PAIN, TENDERNESS or WEAKNESS, monitor LFTs

18

Furosemide

photosensitivity (sunscreen), monitor electrolyte depletion: hypokalemia, hypochloremic alkalosis, hyperuricemia, hypotension, orthostasis, dehydration (fluid depletion), ototoxicity

19

Gemfibrozil

dyspepsia, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea Rare: myalgias, myopathy, rhabdomyolysis, hepatoxicity, cholelithiasis, gallstones, monitor LFTs

20

Hydrochlorthiazide

dry mouth, hypokalemia (monitor potassium), MUSCLE CRAMPS, WEAKNESS, orthostatic hypotension, photosensitivity (sunscreen), dizziness, hyperglycemia

21

Irbesartan

alternative to ACEI, hyperkalemia (monitor potassium levels), hypotension, avoid salt substitutes containing potassium

22

Isosorbide Mononitrate

headache (very common), dizziness, hypotension

23

Lisinopril

dizziness, headache, fatigue, cough, hyperkalemia (monitor potassium levels), avoid salt substitutes containing potassium

24

Lisinopril, Hydrochlorothiazide

dizziness, headache, fatigue, cough

25

Losartan

alternative to ACEI, hyperkalemia (monitor potassium levels), hypotension, avoid salt substitutes containing potassium

26

Losartan, Hydrochlorothiazide

hypotension, fatigue, diarrhea, dizziness

27

Lovastatin

constipation, GI upset, photosensitivity (wear sunscreen), dose related: myalgias, hepatotoxicity, myopathy, rhabdomyolysis

28

Metoprolol Tartrate

dizziness or fatigue, bradycardia, depression, hypotension, sexual dysfunction, worsen heart failure, rebound hypertension and/or angina - do not stop abruptly

29

Nebivolol

headache, dizziness, hypotension, fatigue, worsen heart failure, rebound hypertension and/or angina - do not stop abruptly

30

Niacin, Nicotinic Acid

Prostaglandin-mediated flushing (more common with IR dosage form), hyperglycemia, hyperuricemia, upper GI distress

31

Nifedipine

hypotension, palpitaions, peripheral and pulmonary edema, dizziness, flushing, headache

32

Nitroglycerin

headache (very common), flushing, hypotension, tachycardia, nausea, vomiting dizziness

33

Olmesartan

alternative to ACEI, hyperkalemia (monitor potassium levels), dizziness, hypotension, avoid salt substitutes containing potassium

34

Olmesartan, Hydrochlorothiazide

dizziness, hypotension, photosensitivity (wear sunscreen)

35

Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids

"fishy" burp / aftertast, GI upset (nausea). Refrigerate capsules to reduce GI side effects

36

Pravastatin

Headache, GI upset, photosensitivity (sunscreen) dose related: myalgias, hepatotoxicity, myopathy, rhabdomyolysis

37

Propranolol

bradycardia, dizziness, hypotension, depression, brochospasm, sexual dysfunction, fatigue, worsen heart failure, rebound hypertension and/or angina - do not stop abruptly

38

Quinapril

cough, dizziness, hypotension, fatigue, hyperkalemia (monitor potassium levels), ANGIOEDEMA, avoid salt substitutes containing potassium

39

Ramipril

cough, ANGIOEDEMA, dizziness, hypotension, fatigue, hyperkalemia (monitor potassium levels), avoid salt substitutes containing potassium

40

Rosuvastain

constipation, GI upset, fatigue, abdomial pain, dose related: myalgias, hepatotoxicity, myopathy, rhabdomyolysis

41

Simvastatin

constipation, GI upset, photosensitivity (wear sunscreen), dose related: myalgias, hepatotoxicity, myopathy, rhabdomyolysis

42

Spironolactone

Diarrhea, drowsiness, headache, amenorrrhea, WEAKNESS, PARESTEHESIA, MENTAL CONFUSION, DRY MOUTH, MUSCLE CRAMPS, hyperkalemia (monitor potassium), impotence, gynecomastia, hirsutism

43

Triamterene, Hydrochlorthiazide

dry mouth, MUSCLE CRAMPS, orthostatic hypotension, photosensitivity (wear sunscreen), dizziness

44

Valsartan

alternative to ACEI, hyperkalemia (monitor potassium levels), hypotension, avoid salt substitutes containing potassium

45

Valsartan, Hydrochlorthiazide

dizziness, hypotension, fatigue, diarrhea

46

Verapamil

bradycardia (negative ionotrope), constipation (up to 42%), hypotension, dizziness, gingival hyperplasia, headache, peripheral edema.

47

Warfarin

BLEEDING, FEVER, purple toe syndrome, skin necrosis, contraindicated in patients with bleeding disorders or tendencies, recent surgery, uncontrolled hypertension