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Flashcards in SAAD cardio1 DRUG /USE Deck (94):
1

Generic

Use

2

Amlodipine

hypertension, chronic stable angina, vasospastic (Prinzmetal's) angina

3

Amlodipine, Benazepril

hypertension (not first line; patient must be stabilized first)

4

Atenolol

hypertension, angina, post myocardial infarction

5

Atorvastatin

Adjunct to diet and exercise, hyperlipidemia (primary prevention), adjunct for hypertriglyeridemia

6

Benazepril

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

7

Bisoprolol, Hydrochlorothiazide

hypertension (not first line; patient must be stabilized first)

8

Carvedilol

hypertension, mild to moderate heart failure, post myocardial infarction, left venticular dysfunction

9

Clonidine

hypertension, alcohol, heroin or nicotine withdrawal, ADHD, impulse control disorder, cancer pain (intraspinal), migraine prophylaxis

10

Clopidogrel

reduction of thromboembolic events (MI, stroke) in patients with atherosclerosis

11

Digoxin

heart failure (Stage C), supraventricular arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, paroxysmal atrial tachycardia)

12

Diltiazem

hypertension, chronic stable angina, vasospastic (Prinzmetal's ) angina, atrial arrhythmias (AFIB, AFlutter, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias)

13

Doxazosin

hypertension (not first line), benign prostatic hypertrophy

13

Doxazosin

hypertension (not first line), benign prostatic hypertrophy

14

Enalapril

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

15

Ezetimibe

Monotherapy or in combo with statin for hypercholesterolemia. Combined with fibrate: mixed hyperlipidemia.

16

Ezetimibe, Simvastatin

Hypercholesterolemia (not first line, patient must be stabilized first)

17

Fenofibrate

Adjunctive to diet for hypertriglceridemia (diet nonresponders or risk of pancreatitis), mixed dyslipidemias

18

Furosemide

Edema: associated with heart failure, hepatic or renal disease; hypertension (not first or second line), pulmonary edema (IV only)

18

Furosemide

Edema: associated with heart failure, hepatic or renal disease; hypertension (not first or second line), pulmonary edema (IV only)

19

Gemfibrozil

Adjunctive to diet for hypertriglceridemia (diet nonresponders or risk of pancreatitis), mixed dyslipidemias

20

Hydrochlorthiazide

mild hypertension, mild edema, lithium induced diabetes insipidus

21

Irbesartan

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

22

Isosorbide Mononitrate

angina (prophylaxis only, not for acute attack)

23

Lisinopril

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

23

Lisinopril

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

24

Lisinopril, Hydrochlorothiazide

hypertension (after stabilization, not initial therapy)

25

Losartan

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

26

Losartan, Hydrochlorothiazide

hypertension (after stabilization, not initial therapy)

27

Lovastatin

Adjunct to diet and exercise, hyperlipidemia (primary prevention), adjunct for hypertriglyeridemia

28

Metoprolol Tartrate

hypertension, angina, post myocardial infarction, heart failure (not first line)

29

Nebivolol

hypertension, angina

30

Niacin, Nicotinic Acid

pellagra (niacin deficiency), adjunct to diet and exercise in hyperlipidemia, adjunct for hypertriglyeridemia

31

Nifedipine

hypertension, chronic stable angina, vasospastic (Prinzmetal's ) angina

31

Nifedipine

hypertension, chronic stable angina, vasospastic (Prinzmetal's ) angina

32

Nitroglycerin

angina (acute and prophylaxis)

33

Olmesartan

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

34

Olmesartan, Hydrochlorothiazide

hypertension (after stabilization, not initial therapy)

35

Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids

Adjunct to diet in hypertriplyceridemia, proplylaxis to prevent MI

36

Pravastatin

Adjunct to diet and exercise, hyperlipidemia (primary prevention), adjunct for hypertriglyeridemia

37

Propranolol

angina (chronic), cardiac dysrhythmia, essential tremor, hypertension, migraine prophylaxis, post-MI infarction syndrome, pheochromocytoma (adjunct)

38

Quinapril

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

39

Ramipril

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

39

Ramipril

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

40

Rosuvastain

Adjunct to diet and exercise, hyperlipidemia (primary prevention), adjunct for hypertriglyeridemia

41

Simvastatin

Adjunct to diet and exercise, hyperlipidemia (primary prevention), adjunct for hypertriglyeridemia

42

Spironolactone

edema or ascites in liver cirrhosis, heart failure, hyperaldosteronism, hypertension, hypokalemia, acne in women, hirsutism

43

Triamterene, Hydrochlorthiazide

hypertension, mild edema

44

Valsartan

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

45

Valsartan, Hydrochlorthiazide

hypertension (after stabilization, not initial therapy)

46

Verapamil

hypertension, chronic stable angina, vasospastic (Prinzmetal's ) angina, atrial arrhythmias (AFIB, AFlutter, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias)

47

Warfarin

prophylaxis & treatment: DVT, PE, stroke (high risk with atrial fibrillation), emboli in cardiac valve replacement

48

Generic

Use

49

Amlodipine

hypertension, chronic stable angina, vasospastic (Prinzmetal's) angina

50

Amlodipine, Benazepril

hypertension (not first line; patient must be stabilized first)

51

Atenolol

hypertension, angina, post myocardial infarction

52

Atorvastatin

Adjunct to diet and exercise, hyperlipidemia (primary prevention), adjunct for hypertriglyeridemia

53

Benazepril

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

54

Bisoprolol, Hydrochlorothiazide

hypertension (not first line; patient must be stabilized first)

55

Carvedilol

hypertension, mild to moderate heart failure, post myocardial infarction, left venticular dysfunction

56

Clonidine

hypertension, alcohol, heroin or nicotine withdrawal, ADHD, impulse control disorder, cancer pain (intraspinal), migraine prophylaxis

57

Clopidogrel

reduction of thromboembolic events (MI, stroke) in patients with atherosclerosis

58

Digoxin

heart failure (Stage C), supraventricular arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, paroxysmal atrial tachycardia)

59

Diltiazem

hypertension, chronic stable angina, vasospastic (Prinzmetal's ) angina, atrial arrhythmias (AFIB, AFlutter, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias)

61

Enalapril

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

62

Ezetimibe

Monotherapy or in combo with statin for hypercholesterolemia. Combined with fibrate: mixed hyperlipidemia.

63

Ezetimibe, Simvastatin

Hypercholesterolemia (not first line, patient must be stabilized first)

64

Fenofibrate

Adjunctive to diet for hypertriglceridemia (diet nonresponders or risk of pancreatitis), mixed dyslipidemias

66

Gemfibrozil

Adjunctive to diet for hypertriglceridemia (diet nonresponders or risk of pancreatitis), mixed dyslipidemias

67

Hydrochlorthiazide

mild hypertension, mild edema, lithium induced diabetes insipidus

68

Irbesartan

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

69

Isosorbide Mononitrate

angina (prophylaxis only, not for acute attack)

71

Lisinopril, Hydrochlorothiazide

hypertension (after stabilization, not initial therapy)

72

Losartan

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

73

Losartan, Hydrochlorothiazide

hypertension (after stabilization, not initial therapy)

74

Lovastatin

Adjunct to diet and exercise, hyperlipidemia (primary prevention), adjunct for hypertriglyeridemia

75

Metoprolol Tartrate

hypertension, angina, post myocardial infarction, heart failure (not first line)

76

Nebivolol

hypertension, angina

77

Niacin, Nicotinic Acid

pellagra (niacin deficiency), adjunct to diet and exercise in hyperlipidemia, adjunct for hypertriglyeridemia

79

Nitroglycerin

angina (acute and prophylaxis)

80

Olmesartan

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

81

Olmesartan, Hydrochlorothiazide

hypertension (after stabilization, not initial therapy)

82

Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids

Adjunct to diet in hypertriplyceridemia, proplylaxis to prevent MI

83

Pravastatin

Adjunct to diet and exercise, hyperlipidemia (primary prevention), adjunct for hypertriglyeridemia

84

Propranolol

angina (chronic), cardiac dysrhythmia, essential tremor, hypertension, migraine prophylaxis, post-MI infarction syndrome, pheochromocytoma (adjunct)

85

Quinapril

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

87

Rosuvastain

Adjunct to diet and exercise, hyperlipidemia (primary prevention), adjunct for hypertriglyeridemia

88

Simvastatin

Adjunct to diet and exercise, hyperlipidemia (primary prevention), adjunct for hypertriglyeridemia

89

Spironolactone

edema or ascites in liver cirrhosis, heart failure, hyperaldosteronism, hypertension, hypokalemia, acne in women, hirsutism

90

Triamterene, Hydrochlorthiazide

hypertension, mild edema

91

Valsartan

hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, heart failure, myocardial infarction with left venticular dysfunction

92

Valsartan, Hydrochlorthiazide

hypertension (after stabilization, not initial therapy)

93

Verapamil

hypertension, chronic stable angina, vasospastic (Prinzmetal's ) angina, atrial arrhythmias (AFIB, AFlutter, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias)

94

Warfarin

prophylaxis & treatment: DVT, PE, stroke (high risk with atrial fibrillation), emboli in cardiac valve replacement