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Dannys Phase 1 Medicine > Na+, K+, Ca2+ > Flashcards

Flashcards in Na+, K+, Ca2+ Deck (6)
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1

Hypernatraemia Causes and Consequences

Causes: Renal failure, Na+ excess, osmotic diuresis
Consequences: Dehydration

2

Hyperkalaemia Causes and Consequences

Causes: Renal failure, acidosis, diuretics/ACE inhibitors
Consequences: Risk of myocardial infarction

3

Hypercalcaemia Causes and Consequences

Causes: Hyperparathyroidism, Vit-D toxicity
Consequences: Metastatic calcification, renal stones

4

Hyponatraemia Causes and Consequences

Causes: Excess Iv fluids and oedema, Diuresis
Consequences: Intracellular over-hydration

5

Hypokalaemia Causes and Consequences

Causes: Diarrhoea, vomiting, alkalosis
Consequences: weakness and cardiac dysrhythmia

6

Hypocalcaemia Causes and Consequences

Causes: Vit-D deficiency, intestinal malsbsorption
Consequences: Tetany (spasms)