Natural Hazards - Amatrice Earthquake (2016) Flashcards Preview

AQA GCSE Geography Case Studies > Natural Hazards - Amatrice Earthquake (2016) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Natural Hazards - Amatrice Earthquake (2016) Deck (12)
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1
Q

Date and time:

A

24 August 2016, 3:36 am

2
Q

Magnitude:

A

6.2 on Richter scale

3
Q

Focus depth:

A

5.1 km

4
Q

Deaths, injuries, and homeless:

A

299 killed, 400 injured, 4454 made homeless

5
Q

Total estimated damage:

A

21.9 billion euros

6
Q

Main Primary Effects:

A
  • 293 historic buildings were damaged/destroyed, including a Basilica in Amatrice.
  • Over half the buildings were destroyed in Amatrice, including 80% of the historic old town.
  • The earthquake occurred during the Summer holiday, so the population was much higher; death toll included tourists.
7
Q

Main Secondary Effects:

A
  • Centre of Amatrice cordoned off.
  • Red zones reduced business, tourism, and so income.
  • 90% of sheep, goats, and cattle barns and their milking systems were destroyed; loss of income for farmers.
  • Landslides blocked roads and reduced access.
  • Individuals arrested for looting properties in Amatrice.
8
Q

Main Immediate Responses (Rescue):

A
  • Rescue workers arrived within an hour and searched for survivors, providing food and tents.
  • 12 helicopters and 70 dog teams involved in rescue.
  • Facebook set up their safety check feature.
  • Italian Red Cross requested locals to remove wi-fi passwords so rescue teams could communicate more easily.
9
Q

Hindrance to rescue:

A

Blocked roads, damaged bridge, mountainous terrain, over 2000 aftershocks

10
Q

Main Immediate Responses (Temporary Adjustments):

A
  • For the homeless, 10,000 were accommodated in 58 tent camps.
  • Sports halls and hotels converted to provide shelter for 4000.
  • Temporary hospital was set up, national blood donation service appealed for new donors to meet demand.
11
Q

Main Immediate Responses (Money and Donations):

A
  • PM announced 50 million euros for the emergency response, for reconstruction to begin, and for taxes to be cancelled for residents.
  • Donations from museums and archaeologist sites to help rebuild historic sites.
12
Q

Main Long-Term Responses:

A
  • Students attended classes in neighbouring schools.
  • 12 classrooms in prefabricated buildings constructed in Amatrice.
  • 42 million euro government initiative called “Italian Homes” to rebuild earthquake-proof buildings, with tax breaks to reduce rebuilding cost.
  • Government promised to move people from camps to lightweight wooden houses 6 months after.