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Flashcards in NATURE L5- Governing nature Deck (12):

Rhodes (1997)

There has been a transition from government to governance.

This involves 4 key ideas:
1) interdependence between organizations
2) interaction between network members
3) the above two are regulated by the 'rules of the game'
4) a degree of autonomy from the state


Stoker (2004)

Governance is... "the processes that create the conditions for ordered rule and collective action"


Castree (2014)

"Media is nature's public representative"


Boykoff (2011)

"Media representations are confluences of competing knowledge [...] framing issues for policy, politics and the public"


Rittel and Webber (1973)

Argue that there are 2 types of environmental problem:
1) wicked problems
2) tame problems


Funtowicz (1991)

Post normal science is needed when "facts are uncertain, values in dispute, stakes high and decisions urgent"


Owens (2015)

There is a "powerful urge in modern democracies to make better use of scientific knowledge in policy formation'


Beck (1992)

Although global environmental problems appear to make science more necessary, the science are at the same time "less and less sufficient for the socially-binding definition of truth"


Roberts (2004)

Policy= a set of principles and intentions used to guide decision making


Gregory (2009)

Research on the geographies of governance have focused on 2 key ideas:
a) the rescaling of governance
b) the role of networks


Jessop (1997)

Governance is... "the self organisation of organisational relations"


Bulkeley (2005)

In analyses of governance, scales are usually kept separate and examined as if they are independent. It is also assumed that decisions cascade down from the global level.

The Cities for Climate Protection program illustrates that networks are formed via processes of rescaling environmental governance. The authority of the state is re-organised. This makes room for a new arena of networks by which climate change can be governed.