NCLEX PN Notes 7 Common Signs and Symptoms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in NCLEX PN Notes 7 Common Signs and Symptoms Deck (64)
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1

PTB –

low-grade afternoon fever.

2

PNEUMONIA –

rusty sputum.

3

ASTHMA –

wheezing on expiration.

4

EMPHYSEMA –

barrel chest.

5

KAWASAKI SYNDROME –

strawberry tongue.

6

PERNICIOUS ANEMIA –

red beefy tongue.

7

DOWN SYNDROME –

protruding tongue.

8

CHOLERA –

rice watery stool.

9

MALARIA –

stepladder like fever with chills.

10

TYPHOID –

rose spots in abdomen.

11

DIPTHERIA –

pseudo membrane formation

12

MEASLES –

koplik’s spots.

13

SLE –

butterfly rashes.

14

LIVER CIRRHOSIS –

spider like varices.

15

LEPROSY –

lioning face.

16

BULIMIA –

chipmunk face.

17

APPENDICITIS –

rebound tenderness.

18

DENGUE –

petechiae or (+) Herman’s sign.

19

MENINGITIS –

Kernig’s sign (leg flex then leg pain on extension), Brudzinski sign (neck flex = lower leg flex).

20

TETANY –

hypocalcemia (+) Trousseau’s sign/carpopedal spasm; Chvostek sign (facial spasm).

21

TETANUS –

risus sardonicus.

22

PANCREATITIS –

Cullen’s sign (ecchymosis of umbilicus); (+) Grey turners spots.

23

PYLORIC STENOSIS –

olive like mass.

24

PDA –

machine like murmur.

25

ADDISON’S DISEASE –

bronze like skin pigmentation.

26

CUSHING’S SYNDROME –

moon face appearance and buffalo hump.

27

HYPERTHYROIDISM/GRAVE’S DISEASE –

exopthalmus.

28

INTUSSUSCEPTION –

sausage shaped mass, Dance Sign (empty portion of RLQ)

29

MS –

Charcot’s Triad (IAN)

30

MG –

descending muscle weakness

31

Guillain Barre Syndrome –

ascending muscle weakness

32

DVT –

Homan’s Sign

33

CHICKEN POX –

Vesicular Rash (central to distal) dew drop on rose petal

34

ANGINA –

Crushing stubbing pain relieved by NTG

35

MI –

Crushing stubbing pain which radiates to left shoulder, neck, arms, unrelieved by NTG

36

LTB –

inspiratory stridor

37

TEF –

4Cs’ Coughing, Choking, Cyanosis, Continous Drooling

38

EPIGLOTITIS –

3Ds’ Drooling, Dysphonia, Dysphagia

39

HODGEKIN’S DSE/LYMPHOMA –

painless, progressive enlargement of spleen & lymph tissues, Reedstenberg Cells

40

INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS –

Hallmark: sore throat, cervical lymph adenopathy, fever

41

PARKINSON’S –

Pill-rolling tremors

42

FIBRIN HYALIN –

Expiratory Grunt

43

CYSTIC FIBROSIS –

Salty skin

44

DM –

polyuria, polydypsia, polyphagia

45

DKA –

Kussmauls breathing (Deep Rapid RR)

46

BLADDER CA –

painless hematuria

47

BPH –

reduced size & force of urine

48

PEMPHIGUS VULGARIS –

Nikolsky’s sign (separation of epidermis caused by rubbing of the skin)

49

RETINAL DETACHMENT –

Visual Floaters, flashes of light, curtain vision

50

GLAUCOMA –

Painfull vision loss, tunnel/gun barrel/halo vision (Peripheral Vision Loss)

51

CATARACT –

Painless vision loss, Opacity of the lens, blurring of vision

52

RETINO BLASTOMA –

Cat’s eye reflex (grayish discoloration of pupils)

53

ACROMEGALY –

Coarse facial feature

54

DUCHENNE’S MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY –

Gowers’ sign (use of hands to push one’s self from the floor)

55

GERD –

Barretts esophagus (erosion of the lower portion of the esophageal mucosa)

56

HEPATIC ENCEPHALOPATHY –

Flapping tremors

57

HYDROCEPHALUS –

Bossing sign (prominent forehead)

58

INCREASE ICP –

HYPERtension BRADYpnea BRADYcardia (Cushing’s Triad)

59

SHOCK –

HYPOtension TACHYpnea TACHYcardia

60

MENIERE’S DSE –

Vertigo, Tinnitus

61

CYSTITIS –

burning on urination

62

HYPOCALCEMIA –

Chvostek & Trosseaus sign

63

ULCERATIVE COLITIS –

recurrent bloody diarrhea

64

LYME’S DSE –

Bull’s eye rash