Neck Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neck Chapter 8 Deck (22)
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1

Bones of the neck

Hyoid bone, cervical vertebrae

2

Fascia of the Neck

Subcutaneous, Deep cervical, retropharyngeal space

3

What is within the subcutaneous fascia

platysma, fat

4

What is within the deep cervical fascia

investing layer, prevertebral layer, pretracheal layer

5

What is within the investing layer

splits around the SCM and Trapezius, surrounds the whole neck

6

What is within the prevertebral layer

muscles that move the vertebral column, wrapping bone, brachial plexus

7

What is within the pretracheal layer

inferior to hyoid, blends into the pericardium (carotid sheath)

8

What is within the Carotid sheath

internal jugular, common carotid, vagus, blended by alar fascia

9

What are the 4 regions of the neck

Anterior cervical region
Sternocleidomastiod region
lateral cervical region
Posterior cervical region

10

What are the 4 divisions of the anterior cervical region

submandibular triangle
submental triangle (unpaired)
muscular triangle
carotid triangle

11

What are the 2 divisions of the lateral cervical region

omoclavicular triangle
occipital triangle

12

What is within the posterior cervical region

descending trap, transverse fibers of trap, horizontal plane, vertebral artery, cervical plexus

13

What is within the SCM region

SCM muscle
external jugular vein
Erb's point: transverse cervical nerve, great auricular nerve

14

What are the muscle contents within the lateral cervical region

splenius capitis
levator scap
mid/post scalene
omohyoid

15

What are the arteries within the lateral cervical region

arteries: from the thyrocervical trunk --> transverse cervical, suprascapular

occipital

Subclavian (3rd part)

16

What are the veins within the lateral cervical region

external jugular
subclavian
brachiocephalic

17

What are the nerves within the lateral cervical region

spinal accessory, roots of brachial plexus, suprascapular, cervical plexus

18

Cervical plexus nerves

cutaneous: lesser occipital, great auricular, transverse cervical, supra clavicular

motor: phrenic

19

What are within the submandibular triangle

mylohyoid muscle
hyoglossus muscle
submandibular gland
submandibuar lymph nodes
Hypoglossal nerve
Facial artery
Submental artery

20

What are within the carotid triangle

external, internal carotid artery
internal jugular vein
Vagus nerve
ansa cervicalis
deep cervical lymph nodes

21

What are within muscular triangle?

infrahyoid muscles
viscera- thyroid gland, parathyroid glands

22

What are within submental triangle

submental lymph nodes
anterior jugular vein