Neighborhoods & Health Disparities Flashcards Preview

Block 11; Week 4-M > Neighborhoods & Health Disparities > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neighborhoods & Health Disparities Deck (11)
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1

What is health disparity?

Differences in incidence, prevalence, morbidity and mortality that exist among specific populations.

Race
Ethnicity
Nativity
Sex
Age
Disability
Socioeconomic Status

2

T/F Characteristics of the community where minorities live may lead to health disparities more than characteristics of the individuals who live there

T

3

What are some neighborhood issues?

Access to Nutritious Food
Violence and Urban Design
Injury Prevention
Fear and Mental Health

4

What is a food desert?

**Low Income: Either
Poverty rate of 20% or greater
Median family income at or below 80% of the area’s median family income
**Low Access:
500 people or more, AND
33% of the census tract’s population must reside at least a mile in urban settings or 10 miles in rural settings from a market

5

What are the neg. health outcomes of violence?

neg. mental health (depression, anxiety)
transportation changes (access to health care, job opportunities, social isolation)
reduction in walking (obesity, isolation)

6

What is the broken window theory?

not investing in neighborhood & making things prettier signals to criminals that they can get away w/ stuff

7

What is crime prevention thru Environmental Design?

Good design and use of the built environment can lead to reductions in the incidence of crime
Built Environment:
Buildings
Facilities
Roadways
Focuses on:
Reducing opportunity
Promoting positive social behavior

8

T/F The more the defensible the space, the lower the crime rates.

T

9

What are bad designs for proper public housing?

Dark spaces
Segmented spaces
Easy to hide
Inhuman scale
Walled off areas

10

T/F Narrow street width
Sidewalks
Trees near roads
These are things found in wealthy neighborhoods.

True.

11

What are the results of neighborhood fear?

Negative mental health outcomes
Less access to world
Limited movement
Reduced social interactions