Flashcards in Neighborhoods & Health Disparities Deck (11)
What is health disparity?
Differences in incidence, prevalence, morbidity and mortality that exist among specific populations.
T/F Characteristics of the community where minorities live may lead to health disparities more than characteristics of the individuals who live there
What are some neighborhood issues?
Access to Nutritious Food
Violence and Urban Design
Fear and Mental Health
What is a food desert?
**Low Income: Either
Poverty rate of 20% or greater
Median family income at or below 80% of the area’s median family income
500 people or more, AND
33% of the census tract’s population must reside at least a mile in urban settings or 10 miles in rural settings from a market
What are the neg. health outcomes of violence?
neg. mental health (depression, anxiety)
transportation changes (access to health care, job opportunities, social isolation)
reduction in walking (obesity, isolation)
What is the broken window theory?
not investing in neighborhood & making things prettier signals to criminals that they can get away w/ stuff
What is crime prevention thru Environmental Design?
Good design and use of the built environment can lead to reductions in the incidence of crime
Promoting positive social behavior
T/F The more the defensible the space, the lower the crime rates.
What are bad designs for proper public housing?
Easy to hide
Walled off areas
T/F Narrow street width
Trees near roads
These are things found in wealthy neighborhoods.