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Flashcards in Neolithic Transition/Sites Deck (12)
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1

Mesolithic dates

12,500-10,200 years ago

2

Neolithic Revolution dates

10,000 years ago

3

Mesolithic locations and characteristics

Israel, Lebanon, Syria. Natufian culture. More settled than Paleolithic, cemeteries, storage pits and sickles

4

Neolithic Revolution Where and the Result

Same time in multiple regions. Food production and sedentism

5

Why might sedentism have occurred?

Sea levels rising, abolishing land bridges

6

Earliest evidence of domestication

Cave in Peru. 11,500-10,700 ya lower altitude plants in upper altitude environments

7

Cultigens

Plants that can’t disperse their own seeds

8

First place domestication started

Fertile Crescent 12,000 years ago. Climate change affecting seasonality

9

Catalhyuk

Turkey, 9,000 BP, Floorboard burials, painted walls, houses so close you have to go in through roof. Egalitarian. 10,000 plus people might be considered town

10

Jericho

Jordan Valley, 10,300 BP, good agricultural conditions, tell site(village built up over time into mound), longest occupied city, egalitarian, storage, cemetery, 12 ft high wall, had domesticated species, mud brick houses about 600 people.

11

Stonehenge

Took 1500 years to make, stones brought from 150 miles away, stones up to 50 tons and 25ft high.

12

Social structure during neolithic

egalitarian, no government or elites, small communities