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Flashcards in Nephro/ Endo Deck (22)
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1

Mesangial deposits
Normal c3

IgA nephropathy

2

Sub epithelial humps

PSGN

3

Low C3
Increase ASO titer

PSGN

4

Sudden onset of gross or microscopic hematuria with unilateral or bilateral flank mass

Renal vein thrombosis

5

Triad of thrombocytopenia, anemia and renal dysfunction

Hus

6

Autosomal recessive
PKD- fibrocystin gene

Polycystic kidney disease

7

Low set ears, micrognathia, flat nose, limb positioning defects, growth deficiency, HTN, hyponatremia, impaired renal function/ renal agenesis, hepatic fibrosis

Potter syndrome/ sequence --> deformity

8

Virus in drug induced cystitis

Polyoma BK virus

9

+ leukocytes
- urine culture

Sterile pyuria

10

Culture count in UTU

>100,000 colonies in a single pathogen or >10,000 in a symptomatic pt

11

Define presumed UTI in a bag sample from a symptomatic patient

Colony count >100,000

12

Positive culture for UTI

>50,000 catheter
>100,000 clean catch
>1,000 suprapubic

13

Upper limit of normal protein excretion

150mg/d

14

Nephrotic disease with T cell dysfunction which appear normal on light microscope

E/M effacement of foot process

Minimal change disease

15

Major complication of nephrotic syndrome

Infection-
Strep pneumoniae
E coli

16

MC chronic glomerular disease

IGA neph

17

Tx for emergency neonatal tetany

Calcium gluconate

18

Percentage of ionized calcium

50% ionized
40-45% to albumin
5-10% to other anions

19

Painful bones
Renal stones
Abdominal groans
Psychic moans
Fatigue overtones

Hyperparathyroidism

20

Type of Hyperparathyroidism

Primary- parathyroid adenoma
Seconday- parathyroid hyperplasia (sec to dec Ca)
Tertiary-ESRF

21

Tx for CAH

Glucocorticoids--> inhibit further androgen production and virilization

Hydrocortisone

22

Pheochromocytoma is most common
Left or right

Right